Proliferation of the enabling technologies will happen—or they will be replaced with technologies which ripen in the commercial sector. A fundamental choice for the United States is to weigh strict technology controls vs. the debilitating impact this will have on our commercial global trade position. Choosing is a difficult judgment call. But, if we recognize both global peace as our long-term objective—and the inevitability of technology transfer, then the strongest position we can take is to: enable a dominant U.S. position in world trade; be the leader in an anti-proliferation treaty (that has retaliatory measures); and slow the transfer of the technology as applied to defense systems, enabling U.S. technological long-term leadership in these areas.
My recommendations and supporting discussion are as follows:
Control the technology application as reduced to practice in defense. Use security classification systems as the means of information and export control.
This results in controlling the export of the application of the technology.
The time cycle of application of technology in defense is longer than the cycle time of new technology.
Security systems are in place and, by and large, work.
Without the Department of Defense as the leading provider of technology—it is the application of commercial technology which matters.
allow an "out" for those few cases of export of defense technology in a commercial product (e.g., satellites) by specific application to an oversight board (not just DOD).
Dismantle COCOM and Replace it with a Treaty with Retaliatory Measures Specified.
We must accept that we cannot control proliferation by bureaucratic means, nor slow the pace of commercial technology around the world.
Continue Strict Controls on the Resale of Previously Developed Weapons and Systems to Third Party Countries.
No sale should be made without agreement on accountability of those systems supplied, including spares. In some cases this may cause the loss of a sale by U.S. companies. We should be prepared to stand by the basic principle of accountability.