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SUMMARY OF POINTS TO BE COVERED

  • The trend towards closer coupling of the commercial and defense tech bases in the U.S. and Russia.

  • The current Department of Commerce approach to controlling export of dual-use items including:

    • products/commodities

    • technologies to produce products and technical data

    • human resources

  • Issues in cooperative verification of end use controls

  • An illustrative example

    • MTCR high-leverage dual-use technologies

    • Comments on the Russian sale of cryogenic liquid motors to India

TRENDS OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY

  • DoD Budget has declined 35% since peak spending years of Reagan first term

  • Major weapons system procurement has declined at a much more dramatic rate:

    • $130B spent on procurement in 1985

    • $50B projected for 1997

  • DoD Science and Technology (S&T) funding has been level so far, but:

    • overall budgets are declining

    • as procurements decline, defense contractor IR&D will correspondingly decline so that total S&T investment will decrease



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