The trend towards closer coupling of the commercial and defense tech bases in the U.S. and Russia.
The current Department of Commerce approach to controlling export of dual-use items including:
technologies to produce products and technical data
Issues in cooperative verification of end use controls
An illustrative example
MTCR high-leverage dual-use technologies
Comments on the Russian sale of cryogenic liquid motors to India
DoD Budget has declined 35% since peak spending years of Reagan first term
Major weapons system procurement has declined at a much more dramatic rate:
$130B spent on procurement in 1985
$50B projected for 1997
DoD Science and Technology (S&T) funding has been level so far, but:
overall budgets are declining
as procurements decline, defense contractor IR&D will correspondingly decline so that total S&T investment will decrease
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Application of Verification to Dual-Use Technology Export Controls and Related Issues ."
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Control in the Post-Cold War Era . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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