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scientists carry out work on the territory of Russia, their work should be paid for in rubles and dollars (the dollar to ruble ratio is a separate issue). If that work is continued in the territory of the United States, salary should be in dollars. It should be borne in mind that the continuation of work in the United States may be connected with the necessity of confirming previously-obtained results on equipment that has the necessary assurances regarding calibration as specified in U.S. legislation.

To conclude, some brief comments must be made on the report "Reorientation of the Research Capability of the Former Soviet Union" presented by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

There is every reason to believe that the conclusions and recommendations of the workshop on this problem will receive support on the part of scientists working in various different institutes of Russia, including those in the military industrial complex. The major problem will consist in bringing these conclusions and recommendations to the attention of the governmental and legislative circles of both the Russian Federation and the republics and regions that are members of the Federation.

In doing so, one must to take into account the specific character of the distribution and organization of the scientific potential in Russia. A version that takes account of these peculiarities has been outlined above. The version proposed allows for the fact that proposals regarding scientific and commercial collaboration should be collected on regional levels, where Russian scientific and commercial potential is concentrated. This arrangement will be welcomed by local authorities and, in turn, can largely facilitate and considerably expedite the implementation of the proposals concerned. In this context, it is expedient to issue joint recommendations of Russian and U.S. scientists in Russian and in English and to submit them for publication to the central and regional governments of Russia.

The main point is that Russian scientists do not need a specific kind of humanitarian or financial assistance from the United States or other market economy countries. They are interested in realizing their scientific potential and technological results in carrying out collaborative scientific programs and fulfilling orders of firms. The problem resides in creating an efficient mechanism by which such programs and orders can be formed and implemented.



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