Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$33.00



View/Hide Left Panel

APPENDIX II
Participants, Agenda, and Initial Framework for the Second U.S. National Academy of Sciences-Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Meeting on Dual-Use Technologies May 12-20, 1992 Washington, D.C.

RUSSIAN PARTICIPANTS

Academician Gennadiy A. Mesyats, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and Chairman of its Urals Division; Chairman, RAS Council on Export Control (RAS Chair)

Dr. Aleksandr S. Malafeev, Director, Perm Scientific Research Technological Institute

General Oleg K. Rogozin (retired), Principal Research Scientist, RAS Institute of Chemical Physics; former Director, Russian-American University; former Deputy Chief of Procurement, USSR Ministry of Defense

Dr. Valery N. Spector, Vice Chairman, RAS Institute of Chemical Physics

General Remir F. Stepanov (retired), Head of Department, International Fund for Social and Economic Reform; former Director of Export Control, USSR

General Leonid A. Timashev (retired), International Fund for Conversion; Elorma Corporation Ltd. for the Russian Academy of Sciences; former Deputy Minister of Finance

Corresponding Member Yuriy N. Vershinin, Deputy Chairman of the RAS Urals Division

Dr. Gennadiy A. Yarygin, Head of Division of Advanced Technologies, RAS Center for Program Research

Mr. Andrey M. Moryakov, Deputy Chief, RAS Foreign Relations Department



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences APPENDIX II Participants, Agenda, and Initial Framework for the Second U.S. National Academy of Sciences-Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Meeting on Dual-Use Technologies May 12-20, 1992 Washington, D.C. RUSSIAN PARTICIPANTS Academician Gennadiy A. Mesyats, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and Chairman of its Urals Division; Chairman, RAS Council on Export Control (RAS Chair) Dr. Aleksandr S. Malafeev, Director, Perm Scientific Research Technological Institute General Oleg K. Rogozin (retired), Principal Research Scientist, RAS Institute of Chemical Physics; former Director, Russian-American University; former Deputy Chief of Procurement, USSR Ministry of Defense Dr. Valery N. Spector, Vice Chairman, RAS Institute of Chemical Physics General Remir F. Stepanov (retired), Head of Department, International Fund for Social and Economic Reform; former Director of Export Control, USSR General Leonid A. Timashev (retired), International Fund for Conversion; Elorma Corporation Ltd. for the Russian Academy of Sciences; former Deputy Minister of Finance Corresponding Member Yuriy N. Vershinin, Deputy Chairman of the RAS Urals Division Dr. Gennadiy A. Yarygin, Head of Division of Advanced Technologies, RAS Center for Program Research Mr. Andrey M. Moryakov, Deputy Chief, RAS Foreign Relations Department

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences AMERICAN PARTICIPANTS Dr. Roland Schmitt, President, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (NAS Chair) Mr. John Betti, former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, U.S. Department of Defense Dr. Gerald Epstein, International Security and Commerce Program, Office of Technology Assessment, United States Congress Lt. General Lincoln Faurer (retired), U.S. Air Force, former Director, National Security Agency Dr. Alexander Flax, Home Secretary, National Academy of Engineering Dr. Clifford Gaddy, Foreign Policy Studies Program, Brookings Institution Dr. Seymour Goodman, Department of Management Information Systems, University of Arizona Ms. Khristine L. Hall, Esq., Program Director, Public Affairs Governmental Programs, IBM Dr. John Harvey, Center for International Security and Arms Control, Stanford University Dr. Harvey Nathanson, Chief Scientist, Applied Sciences & Electronic Systems Division, Science and Technology Center, Westinghouse Electric Company Dr. Richard O'Brien, President, Coming USSR, Ltd. Dr. John Rittenhouse, Senior Vice President for Technology Programs, General Electric Company Mr. Glenn Schweitzer, Director, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, National Research Council Dr. Mitchel B. Wallerstein, Deputy Executive Officer, National Research Council Dr. Albert Westwood, Vice President for Research and Technology, Martin Marietta Corporation

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences OTHER EXPERTS AND OBSERVERS Harley Balzer, Director, Russian Area Studies Program, Georgetown University Richard C. Barth, Director for International Economic Affairs, National Security Council, Executive Office of the President Walter Earle, Director of COCOM Affairs, Defense Technical Security Administration, U.S. Department of Defense Jo Husbands, Director, Committee on International Security and Arms Control, National Research Council Norman D. Kass, Deputy Director, Licensing, Defense Technical Security Administration, U.S. Department of Defense Masayuki Kondo, Industrial Economist, Industry Development Division, Industry and Energy Department, The World Bank Garth R. MacKenzie, Manager, C3 Engineering Development and Engineering Division, Westinghouse Electronic Systems Corporation Richard B. Sheppard, Senior Advisor on Defense Conversion, U.S. Agency for International Development David L. Schlechty, Director of Country Policy, Office of Technology and Policy Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce Robert A. Summers, Chief, Defense Program and Analysis Division, Bureau of Nonproliferation Policy, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency John R. Thomas, Senior Assistant for Soviet Science and Technology, Technology Cooperation and Security, Defense Technical Security Administration, U.S. Department of Defense

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences AGENDA Second U.S. National Academy of Sciences-Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Meeting on Dual-Use Technologies May 12-20, 1992 Washington, D.C. Tuesday, May 26 9:00-12:00 COCOM and Export Controls 9:00 Opening Remarks   Roland Schmitt, U.S. Co-chair   Gennadiy Mesyats, Russian Co-chair 9:30 Presentation and discussion of concept papers   General Rogozin and Valery Spector   Glenn Schweitzer 11:00 Break 11:15 Presentation and discussion of paper on the economic aspects of the development and production of dual-use technologies   Clifford Gaddy 12:00-1:00 Lunch 1:00-5:00 Committee Discussions in Board Room, NAS 1:00 Presentation and discussion of paper on technology related industrial reports   General Remir Stepanov 2:00 Presentation and discussion of papers on categories of manpower having unique knowledge of weapons systems   Alexander Flax Yuriy Vershinin 3:45 Break

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences 4:00 Summation/discussion Wednesday, May 27 9:00-12:00 Committee Discussions in Board Room, NAS 9:00 Presentation and discussion of papers on the feasibility and desirability of separating military and civilian applied research activities   John Rittenhouse   Gennadiy Andreevich Yarygin 10:45 Break 11:00 Presentation and discussion of paper on current trends in export control in Russia   General Remir Stepanov 12:00-1:00 Lunch 1:00-5:00 Committee Discussions and Conclusion in Board Room, NAS 1:00 Presentation and discussion of paper on case studies of programs for developing and applying dual-use technologies for civilian purposes which are also designed to limit diversion   Seymour Goodman 1:45 Presentation and discussion of paper on contributions of verification schemes and other control measures to confidence building in regard to dual-use technologies   John Harvey 2:30 Break 2:45 Summary of workshop 3:15 Discussion of near term projects

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences 4:15 Plans and suggestions for fall program Thursday, May 28 Briefing Sessions and Site Visits for Russian Delegation 9:00-10:30 COCOM and Export Control 9:00-9:45 Dr. Robert L. Price, Director, Office of COCOM Affairs, U.S. Department of State 9:45-10:30 William Clements, Director, Office of Technology and Policy Analysis, Export Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce   Norman D. Kass, Deputy Director, Licensing, Defense Technical Security Administration, U.S. Department of Defense 10:30-12:00 U.S. Defense Conversion   Lawrence Korb, The Brookings Institution   Katherine Gillman, Office of Technology Assessment   Joseph Cartwright, Senior Project Manager, Office of Economic Adjustment, U.S. Department of Defense 12:00-1:00 Lunch 1:00-5:00 Site Visit to IBM Facility in Manassas, Virginia

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences Friday, May 29 Briefings in NAS 250: 9:00-10:30 Technology Related Industrial Reporting in the United States   Robert Tinari, Assistant Division Chief, Current Industrial Production, Industry Division, Bureau of the Census   Jennifer Bond, Director, Science and Engineering Indicators Program, National Science Foundation   John Gawalt, Analyst, Science and Engineering Activities Program, National Science Foundation 10:30-12:00 End Use Verification   Anstruther Davidson, Senior Policy Advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement, U.S. Department of Commerce   John Phillips, Los Alamos National Laboratory, IAEA nuclear safeguards and inspections in Iraq 12:00-1:00 Lunch 1:00-5:00 Site Visit to Westinghouse Electronic Systems Corporation, Baltimore, Maryland

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences INITIAL FRAMEWORK FOR CONSIDERING DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGIES Introduction Changing character of international relations and implications for defense strategies, development and control of dual-use technologies, and international cooperation in business and research. Need to consider many interrelated aspects of dual use technologies in responding to growing interest in greater reliance on transparency and less reliance on controls. New emphasis on proliferation concerns and East-West strategic confrontation lessens. Objectives of interacademy cooperation in considering dual-use technologies including building confidence to enhance national security, clarifying opportunities which facilitate the Russian transition to a viable market economy, promoting mutual interests in commercial transactions, and contributing to international science and technology. Use of methodology set forth below to clarify problems attendant to specific technologies which illustrate full dimensions of the problems. Emphasize the following questions: When are controls appropriate? What are the approaches for strict controls? What is the importance of conversion and commercialization of civilian science and technology? What are the practical aspects of conversion of military technologies? Initial selection of dual-use technologies which illustrate the variety of opportunities and problems in building confidence and reducing risks of proliferation. Complimentary technologies, including process technologies, may be considered at a later date. A component-level technology: electro-optical devices A materials-level technology: structural materials A systems-level technology: high performance computers Identification of opportunities for cooperation that reduce the need for controls. Increased glasnost attendant to cooperation Joint research and development and sharing of results International approaches through UN or other channels

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences Circumstances or technological applications that do not require controls or reduce the need for controls. (The following examples were raised in the discussions but none of them have been deeply examined. These and other suggestions will be considered.) Civil applications with little or no possibility of diversion Redeployment of technical manpower Internationalization of technology Obsolescence and/or commoditization of technology Circumstances or technological applications that require a continuation of controls. (The following examples were raised in the discussions but none of them have been deeply examined. These and other suggestions will be considered.) East-West security concerns (use; re-export) North-South proliferation concerns Choke point technologies, including process technologies Other key technological know-how Identification of processes for monitoring and/or control when necessary. (The following examples were raised in the discussions but none of them have been deeply examined. These and other suggestions will be considered.) Different levels of intrusion for reporting and inspection B. Criteria for end-use verification and transparency Implementation of end-use verification Reporting and maintenance of data bases Processes and mechanisms for avoiding ''technological surprise'' Consideration of new institutional arrangements (The following examples were raised in the discussions but none of them have been deeply examined. These and other suggestions will be considered.) Modified COCOM U.S.-Russia Center (analytical or control center) Programs to reorient Russian weapons scientists UN regional technology transfer center in the CIS New stimulus to joint ventures and other business alliances International cooperation in science and technology Joint data bases and expanded use of electronic communications

OCR for page 205
Dual-Use Technologies and Export Administration in the Post-Cold War Era: Documents from a Joint Program of the National Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences This page in the original is blank.