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A significant argument for taking this position is the concern of both parties over the "brain drain" of Russian scientists and engineers to potentially hostile countries, a phenomenon that is largely driven by present economic circumstances.

Thus, throughout this paper, the two threads of controllability and cooperation as they apply to optoelectronic devices are repeatedly interwoven.


Optoelectronic devices cover a wide range of components and technologies that can be used in both civilian and military applications. The components include, but are not limited to:

lasers (semiconductor; glass; gas; chemical);

light emitting diodes;


optical fibers;

optical amplifiers;

optical circuit switches;

optical scanners and imaging devices;

non-linear optical devices;

liquid crystal filters;

acousto-optic wavelength switches;

displays; holographic optical storage;

optical signal processors and computers;

and others.

In order to explore which fundamental principles might affect the achievement or otherwise of controllability, this paper will address only the components based on compound semiconductors or glass fiber technologies. Furthermore, high power devices will not be covered.

For the semiconductor devices in particular there are number of key technologies. These include:

material purification;

bulk crystal growth;

epitaxial growth (including liquid phase, metal-organo chemical vapor deposition; and molecular beam;


patterning; and


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