. "Appendix A: Reports on Women's Participation in Clincal Studies, 1977-1993." Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies, Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1994.
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A Reports on Women's Participation in Clinical Studies, 1977-1993
Sex as Reported in a Recent Sample of Psychological Research
P. Reardon and S. Prescott (1977) Psychology of Women Quarterly 2(2):157-160.
The authors reviewed all of the articles that appeared in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, volume 30, 1974, for sex of subjects, type of conclusions drawn, and whether sex was mentioned in the abstract, introduction, or methods section. These results were compared with those from a similar study done in 1972 in order to determine whether changes had occurred during the two-year period in scientific sampling and reporting procedures. The authors found that the percentage of all-male studies had dropped 15 percent while all-female studies had risen 22 percent. In addition, there was an increase in the number of both-sex studies that included some analysis of gender differences.
Why Researchers Don't Study Women: The Responses of 62 Researchers
S. Prescott (1978) Sex Roles 4(6):899-905.
The author interviewed 62 researchers who had authored 64 single-sex studies appearing in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology in 1970 and 1971 about their reasons for limiting their study population to males or females only. Replies were analyzed for thematic content and formed three major types: ''scientific" (e.g., "desire to reduce the