induced mutation), which could be spotted easily in the fields and would make weeding a much easier task.12
Reducing the labor to dehull and to grind grain is obviously a vital need. Less urgent needs include: (1) improvement of malting quality (important both for brewing and for making high-methionine weaning foods); and (2) new methods of processing, such as parboiling, milling, and puffing (see Appendix B).
Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner
Afikaans (and Dutch): vogel gierst
English: finger millet, African millet; koracan
French: petit mil, eleusine cultivée, coracan, koracan
Swahili: wimbi, ulezi
Ethiopia: dagussa (Amharic/Sodo), tokuso (Amharic), barankiya (Oromo)
Kenya: wimbi (kiswahili), mugimbi (Kikuyu)
Malawi: mawere, lipoko, usanje, khakwe, mulimbi, lupodo, malesi, mawe
The Sudan: tailabon (Arabic), ceyut (Bari)
Tanzania: mwimbi, mbege
Zambia: kambale, lupoko, mawele, majolothi, amale, bule
Zimbabwe: rapoko, zviyo, njera, rukweza, mazhovole, uphoko, poho
Finger millet is a tufted annual growing 40-130 cm tall, taking between 2.5 and 6 months to mature. It has narrow, grass like leaves and many tillers and branches. The head consists of a group of digitately arranged spikes.
It is a tetraploid.