induced mutation), which could be spotted easily in the fields and would make weeding a much easier task.12

Post Production Research

Reducing the labor to dehull and to grind grain is obviously a vital need. Less urgent needs include: (1) improvement of malting quality (important both for brewing and for making high-methionine weaning foods); and (2) new methods of processing, such as parboiling, milling, and puffing (see Appendix B).


Botanical Name

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner

Common Names

Afikaans (and Dutch): vogel gierst

Arabic: tailabon

Bantu: bule

English: finger millet, African millet; koracan

French: petit mil, eleusine cultivée, coracan, koracan

German: Fingerhirse

Swahili: wimbi, ulezi

Ethiopia: dagussa (Amharic/Sodo), tokuso (Amharic), barankiya (Oromo)

India: ragi

Kenya: wimbi (kiswahili), mugimbi (Kikuyu)

Malawi: mawere, lipoko, usanje, khakwe, mulimbi, lupodo, malesi, mawe

Nepal: koddo

The Sudan: tailabon (Arabic), ceyut (Bari)

Tanzania: mwimbi, mbege

Uganda: bulo

Zambia: kambale, lupoko, mawele, majolothi, amale, bule

Zimbabwe: rapoko, zviyo, njera, rukweza, mazhovole, uphoko, poho


Finger millet is a tufted annual growing 40-130 cm tall, taking between 2.5 and 6 months to mature. It has narrow, grass like leaves and many tillers and branches. The head consists of a group of digitately arranged spikes.

It is a tetraploid.


Information from A. Shakoor.

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