factors such as the division of labor, traditional beliefs, and people's expectations? (Fonio, after all, is seldom if ever grown under optimum conditions.) Its promotion will succeed best in West Africa if its development is placed within such local constraints.
The processing and cooking of this crop is extremely arduous. Unless this can be relieved, fonio will probably never reach its potential.
Digitaria exilis Stapf and Digitaria iburua Stapf16
Paspalum exile Kippist; Panicum exile (Kippist) A. Chev.; Syntherisma exilis (Kippist) Newbold; Syntherisma iburua (Stapf) Newbold (for Digitaria iburua)
English: hungry rice, hungry millet, hungry koos, fonio, fundi millet
French: fonio, petit mil (a name also used for other crops)
Fulani: serémé, foinye, fonyo, fundenyo
Nigeria: acha (Digitaria exilis, Hausa); iburu (Digitaria iburua, Hausa); aburo
Senegal: eboniaye, efoleb, findi, fundi
The Gambia: findo (Mandinka)
Togo: (Digitaria iburua); afio-warun (Lamba); ipoga (Somba, Sampkarba); fonio ga (black fonio); ova (Akposso)
Mali: fani, feni, foundé
Burkina Faso: foni
Guinea: pende, kpendo, founié, pounié
Ivory Coast: pom, pohin
As noted, there are actually two species of fonio. Both are erect, free-tillering annuals. White fonio (Digitaria exilis) is usually 30-75 cm tall. Its finger-shaped panicle has 2-5 slender racemes up to 15 cm