poor. When pearl millet partially or completely replaced rice, the nutritive value increased appreciably.
Studies conducted on children showed that all the subjects fed diets based on pearl millet maintained positive balance with respect to nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. The protein's apparent digestibility was about 53 percent, an amount close to that for finger millet and sorghum proteins, but less than that of rice protein (65 percent). It was also found that pearl millet could replace 25 percent of the rice in a child's diet without reducing the amount of nitrogen, calcium, or phosphorus its body absorbed.
Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.10
Pennisetum typhoides (Burm.f.) Stapf and Hubbard, P. americanum (L.) Leeke, P. spicatum Roem and Schult.
Arabic: duhun, dukhon
English: pearl millet, bulrush millet, cattail millet, candle millet
Ethiopia: bultuk (Oromo), dagusa (Amharic)
French: mil du Soudan, petite mil, mil
India: bajra, bajri, cumbu, sajje
Kenya: mi/mawele, mwere (Kikuyu)
Mali: sanyò, nyò, gawri
Malawi: machewere (Ngoni), muzundi (Yao), uchewere, nyauti (Tumbuka)
Niger: hegni (Djerma), gaouri (Peul), hatchi (Haussa)
Nigeria: gero (Hausa), dauro, maiwa, emeye (Yoruba)
Shona: mhunga, mhungu
Swahili: uwele, mawele
Zambia: mawele, nyauti, uchewele (Nyanja), bubele, kapelembe, isansa, mpyoli (Bemba)
Zimbabwe: mhunga (Chewa), u/inyawuthi (Ndebele)
Zulu: amabele, unyaluthi, unyawoti, unyawothi