Appendixes



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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup Appendixes

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup A Summary of Pump-and-Treat Systems Reviewed in this Study Site Contaminants A [service station, location confidential]E Gasoline Advanced Micro Devices (Monolithic Mere.) [Sunnyvale, CA]A Ethylbenzene; 1,2-DCE; PCE Advanced Micro Devices (Bldg. 915) [Sunnyvale, CA]A TCE; 1,2-DCE; TCA Advanced Micro Devices (Bldgs. 901 & 902) [Sunnyvale, CA]A TCE; 1,2-DCE Ampex [Sunnyvale, CA]A TCE; 1,2-DCE Amphenol Corp. [Sidney, NY]B,C Chloroform; TCE; PCE Anacomp, Inc. (XIDEX) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 2-Methoxy ethanol; 1-methoxy 2-propanol; methylene chloride Anacomp (Dysan Corp.) [Santa Clara, CA]A MEK; isopropyl alcohol Applied Materials (Bldg. 1) [Santa Clara, CA]A TCA; 1,1-DCE; 1,1-DCA Avantek [Santa Clara, CA]A VC; TCE; 1,2-DCA B [service station, location confidential]E Unleaded gasoline Black & Decker [Brockport, NY]B VC; TCA; 1,2-DCE; TCE

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup   Results   Site Rank1 Flow Rate2 (liters/min) Year Initiated Containment Achieved Cleanup Goals Achieved A [service station, location confidential]E 2 140 1988 Uncertain Yes Advanced Micro Devices (Monolithic Mere.) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 160 1985 Yes No Advanced Micro Devices (Bldg. 915) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 270 1983 Yes Partial4 Advanced Micro Devices (Bldgs. 901 & 902) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 76 1983 Yes No Ampex [Sunnyvale, CA]A 3 27 1985 Yes No Amphenol Corp. [Sidney, NY]B,C 2 980 1987 Yes No Anacomp, Inc. (XIDEX) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 2 11 1987 Yes No Anacomp (Dysan Corp.) [Santa Clara, CA]A 2 NP 1986 Yes3 Yes5 Applied Materials (Bldg. 1) [Santa Clara, CA]A 4 80 1985 Uncertain No Avantek [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 19 1985 Uncertain No B [service station, location confidential]E 3 23 1987 No Yes Black & Decker [Brockport, NY]B 4 38-57 1988 No No

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup Site Contaminants C [service station, location confidential]E Unleaded gasoline CTS Printex, Inc. [Mountain View, CA]A TCE; TCA D [service station, location confidential]E Unleaded gasoline Des Moines TCE [Des Moines, IA]B,C VC; t-1,2-DCE; TCE DuPont-Mobile [Axis, AL]B VOCs; pesticides E [service station, location confidential]E Gasoline Emerson Electric [Altamonte Springs, FL]B VOCs; MEK; MIBK; toluene F [service station, location confidential]E Gasoline Fairchild Semiconductor Corp. (NSC; Miranda Ave.) [Palo Alto, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE; PCE Fairchild Semiconductor [San Jose, CA]A,B TCA; 1,1-DCE; Freon; acetone FEI Microwave, Inc. (TRW Microwave, Inc.) [Sunnyvale, CA]A VC; 1,2-DCE; TCE Firestone Tire and Rubber [Salinas, CA]D TCA; 1,1-DCE; other VOCs G [service station, location confidential]E Gasoline General Mills [Minneapolis, MN]B,C TCA; TCE; PCE GenRad Corp. (E. plume) [Bolton, MA]B,C TCE; other VOCs Great Western/Stinnes-Western Chemical Corp. [Milpitas, CA]A TCE; TCA; PCE H [service station, location confidential]E Gasoline Harris Corp. [Palm Bay, FL]B,C VOCs Hewlett-Packard (3500 Deer Creek Rd.) [Palo Alto, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE Hewlett-Packard (East Arques) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE I [service station, location confidential]E Unleaded gasoline IBM-Dayton [Dayton, NJ]B,C 1,1-DCA; TCA; 1,1-DCE; TCE; PCE IBM-San Jose [San Jose, CA]A,B,C TCA; 1,1-DCE; TCE; Freon 113; oil INTEL Corp. (Middlefield-Ellis-Whisman plume) [Mountain View, CA]A VC; TCE; xylene

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup   Results   Site Rank1 Flow Rate2 (liters/rain) Year Initiated Containment Achieved Cleanup Goals Achieved C [service station, location confidential]E 2 19 1986 No No CTS Printex, Inc. [Mountain View, CA]A 4 210 1987 Yes Partial4 D [service station, location confidential]E 1 27 1986 Uncertain No Des Moines TCE [Des Moines, IA]B,C 3 4,900 1987 Yes No DuPont-Mobile [Axis, AL]B 4 680 1985 No NCG E [service station, location confidential]E 3 38 1985 Uncertain NA Emerson Electric [Altamonte Springs, FL]B 2 110 1984 Yes Yes6 F [service station, location confidential]E 1 95 1986 Yes Yes Fairchild Semiconductor Corp. (NSC; Miranda Ave.) [Palo Alto, CA]A 4 1 1985 Uncertain No Fairchild Semiconductor [San Jose, CA]A,B 4 36,000B 1982 Yes Partial4 FEI Microwave, Inc. (TRW Microwave, Inc.) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 80 1985 Yes No Firestone Tire and Rubber [Salinas, CA]D 2 or 3 2,800 1986 Yes Partial7 G [service station, location confidential]E 3 120 1986 Yes Yes General Mills [Minneapolis, MN]B,C 4 1,400 1985 No No GenRad Corp. (E. plume) [Bolton, MA]B,C 2 150 1987 Yes No Great Western/Stinnes-Western Chemical Corp. [Milpitas, CA]A 4 110 1986 Yes No H [service station, location confidential]E 3 53 1992 Uncertain Yes Harris Corp. [Palm Bay, FL]B,C 2 1,200 1984 No No Hewlett-Packard (3500 Deer Creek Rd.) [Palo Alto, CA]A 4 42 1985 Yes No Hewlett-Packard (East Arques) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 30 1986 Uncertain No I [service station, location confidential]E 3 76 1986 Yes No IBM-Dayton [Dayton, NJ]B,C 3 3,800 1978 NA No IBM-San Jose [San Jose, CA]A,B,C 4 23,000B 1982 Yes No INTEL Corp. (Middlefield-Ellis-Whisman plume) [Mountain View, CA]A 4 2 1982 Yes8 No

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup   Contaminants INTEL Corp. (Facility III) [Santa Clara, CA]A TCA; TCE; Freon 113 Intersil/Siemens (Tantau Ave.) [Cupertino,CA]A TCA; TCE; Freon 113 J [pipeline leak, location confidential]E Gasoline; diesel; fuel oil Jones Chemical [Milpitas, CA]A TCA; TCE; PCE K [oil field brine site, location confidential]E Brine (8% chloride) KTI Chemicals, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA]A Odorless mineral spirits L [refinery, location confidential]E Refined products M [refinery, location confidential]E Refined products; lube oils; asphalt Magnetics Peripherals, Inc. [Santa Clara, CA]A TCE; Freon Memorex [Santa Clara, CA]A MEK; xylene; isopropyl alcohol Micrel Wafer Fab, Inc./Litronix, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA]A TCE Micro Storage/INTEL Magnetics[Santa Clara, CA]A TCA; TCE Mid-South Wood Products [Mana, AR]B PCP; PAHs; Cr; Cu National Semiconductor [Santa Clara, CA]A 1,1-DCE; TCA; TCE Nichols Eng. [Hillsborough Township, NJ]B,C VOCs; CS2 Occidental Chemical [Lathtop, CA]B EDB; DBCP; other pesticides Olin Corp. [Brandenburg, KY]B DCEE; DCIPE Ponders Comer [Tacoma, WA]B,C t-1,2-DCE; TCE; PCE Precision Monolithic Inc. [Santa Clara, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE; Freon River Park/Lincoln Prop. [San Jose, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE; PCE Signetics (811 E. Arques) [Sunnyvale, CA]A DCE; TCA; TCE Savannah River Plant [Aiken, SC]B,C TCA; TCE; PCE Sharpe Army Depot [Lathtop, CA]C TCE Site A [cleaning compound manufacturing facility, south Florida; location confidential]B VC; t-1,2-DCE; benzene; 1,4-DCB; chlorobenzene Solvent Service, Inc. [San Jose, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCE; acetone Sylvester/Gilson Rd. [Nashua, NH]B,C Metals; VOCs; semivolatiles

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup   Results   Site Rank1 Flow Rate2 (liters/min) Year Initiated Containment Achieved Cleanup Goals Achieved INTEL Corp. (Facility III) [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 38 1985 Yes Partial4 Intersil/Siemens (Tantau Ave.) [Cupertino,CA]A 4 190 1987 Yes No J [pipeline leak, location confidential]E 3 1,300 1988 No No Jones Chemical [Milpitas, CA]A 4 420 1987 Uncertain No K [oil field brine site, location confidential]E 2 83 1989 Yes No KTI Chemicals, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA]A 3 34 1985 Yes No L [refinery, location confidential]E 3 6,100 1988 Uncertain NA M [refinery, location confidential]E 3 4,500 1984 Uncertain NA Magnetics Peripherals, Inc. [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 19 1985 Yes Partial4 Memorex [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 110 1986 Yes Partial4 Micrel Wafer Fab, Inc./Litronix, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 110 1986 Yes No Micro Storage/INTEL Magnetics[Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 30 1984 Yes No Mid-South Wood Products [Mana, AR]B 4 160 1985 No Partial4 National Semiconductor [Santa Clara, CA]A 4 580 1985 Uncertain No Nichols Eng. [Hillsborough Township, NJ]B,C 3 250 1988 NA No Occidental Chemical [Lathtop, CA]B 3 2,300 1982 No No Olin Corp. [Brandenburg, KY]B 3 24,000 1974 Yes NCG Ponders Comer [Tacoma, WA]B,C 2 7,600 1984 No No Precision Monolithic Inc. [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 310 1985 No Partial4 River Park/Lincoln Prop. [San Jose, CA]A 3 or 4 1,200 1988 Yes No Signetics (811 E. Arques) [Sunnyvale, CA]A 4 340 1982 Yes No Savannah River Plant [Aiken, SC]B,C 4 2,100 1985 No NCG Sharpe Army Depot [Lathtop, CA]C 3 760 1988(?)9 Yes No Site A [cleaning compound manufacturing facility, south Florida; location confidential]B 2 190 1988 NA Partial4 Solvent Service, Inc. [San Jose, CA]A 4 4 1985 Yes No Sylvester/Gilson Rd. [Nashua, NH]B,C 4 1,100 1981 No No

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup Site Contaminants Synertek Bldg. 1 (Honeywell) [Santa Clara, CA]A 1,1-DCE; TCA; TCE Synertek Bldg. 3 (Honeywell) [Santa Clara, CA]A Acetone; xylenes; TCA Technical Coatings [Santa Clara, CA]A Toluene; xylene; MIBK Teledyne Semiconductor/Spectra Physics TCE [Mountain View, CA]A   Twin Cities AAP [New Brighton, MN]C TCE Tyson's Dump [King of Prussia, PA]B Trichloropropane; other VOCs; ethyl benzene; toluene; xylene United Chrome [Corvallis, OR]C Cr(VI) Utah Power & Light [Idaho Falls, ID]B Creosote Van Waters & Rogers, Inc. [San Jose, CA]A TCA; PCE; 1,2-DCE Varian Associates (Palo Alto) [Palo Alto, CA]A 1,2-DCE; TCA; TCE Varian Associates (Santa Clara) [Santa Clara, CA]A TCA Verona Well Field [Battle Creek, MI]B,C VOCs Ville Mercier [Quebec, Canada]B Organics Western Processing [Kent, WA]B Metals; organics Wurtsmith AFB [Wurtsmith, MI]C TCE; t-1,2-DCE NOTES AND ABBREVIATIONS 1.   Rank is based on the criteria presented in Table 3-2. 2.   Flow rates are based on first-quarter 1992 monitoring data for A sites and on maximum pumping rates for B, C, D, and E sites. 3.   Not pumping; pumps shut off in February 1991. Containment was achieved when pumping. 4.   Selected contaminants have been cleaned up; other contaminants remain above cleanup levels. 5.   Pending final review by the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board. 6.   Site has been dosed by the state regulatory agency, but no new monitoring data exist to verify cleanup. 7.   Cleanup goals reached everywhere except in a small off-site area. 8.   On-site area only; plume is commingled off site. 9.   A ''?'' indicates that the "year initiated" has been estimated.

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup   Results   Site Rank1 Flow Rate2 (liters/min) Year Initiated Containment Achieved Cleanup Goals Achieved Synertek Bldg. 1 (Honeywell) [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 or 4 45 1987 Yes No Synertek Bldg. 3 (Honeywell) [Santa Clara, CA]A 2 4 1987 Yes Yes Technical Coatings [Santa Clara, CA]A 3 8 1987 Uncertain No Teledyne Semiconductor/Spectra Physics 4 810 1986 Yes No [Mountain View, CA]A 4 10,000 1988(?)9 Yes No Twin Cities AAP [New Brighton, MN]C 4 450 1988 No NCG Tyson's Dump [King of Prussia, PA]B 3 64 1988(?)9 NA No United Chrome [Corvallis, OR]C 4 760 1985 No NCG Utah Power & Light [Idaho Falls, ID]B 4 42 1986 No No Van Waters & Rogers, Inc. [San Jose, CA]A 4 95 1987 Yes No Varian Associates (Palo Alto) [Palo Alto, CA]A 3 or 4 61 1985 Yes Partial4 Varian Associates (Santa Clara) [Santa Clara, CA]A 4 9,100 1984 No No Verona Well Field [Battle Creek, MI]B,C 4 2,800 1983 NA NA Ville Mercier [Quebec, Canada]B 4 830 1988 No NA Western Processing [Kent, WA]B 2 or 3 1,100 1978 NA No Wurtsmith AFB [Wurtsmith, MI]C   5,500 1982     NA - data not available NCG - plume containment was the remedial goal. NP - not pumping Uncertain - may indicate either a poorly designed monitoring well network or a lack of water level data. Site References Sites reviewed in the San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board's study. Sites reviewed in the EPA's 24-site study. Sites reviewed in the University of Tennessee's study. Site not reviewed in any formal study. Sites reviewed in the American Petroleum Institute's study.

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Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup Chemical Names Cr chromium CS2 carbon disulfide Cu copper DBCP dibromochloropropane 1,1-DCA 1,1-dichloroethane 1,4-DCB 1,4-dichlorobenzene DCE dichloroethene (unspecified isomer) 1,1-DCE 1,1-dichloroethene 1,2-DCE 1,2-dichloroethene t-1,2-DCE trans-1,2-dichloroethene DCEE dichloroethyl ether DCIPE dichloroisopropyl ether EDB ethylene dibromide Freon 113 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane MEK methyl ethyl ketone MIBK methyl isobutyl ketone PAH polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon PCE tetrachloroethene PCP pentachlorophenol TCA 1,1,1-trichloroethane TCE trichloroethene VC vinyl chloride VOC volatile organic chemical