should be pursued by U.S. industry and government as a strategy and a major policy goal.
Although U.S. primes have by and large had good experiences in their relationships with Japan, evolving patterns of global manufacturing capability and industry restructuring—in which U.S.-Japan linkages are an important part of the context—already threaten existing parts of the U.S. supplier base and may prevent the development of U.S. commercial capabilities in a number of critical, emerging areas. This situation suggests the need to reexamine the manner in which technology development and related business activities are organized and funded in the United States, in order to promote more effective relationships between U.S. companies and between industry and government, as well as ensure retention of an innovative full-spectrum aerospace capability. Where the technologies impart both security and economic growth, there is a need for more attention and coordination among various government agencies to ensure effective use of public support for R&D and procurement relevant to industry, especially the supplier companies. Failure to address these issues implies continued erosion of the domestic U.S. supplier base and a concomitant increase in the probability of Japanese entry at the prime level as its supplier base becomes more developed.