statistical comparison of the aircraft and aerospace industries with the chemical industry—another technology-intensive sector in which the United States is highly competitive globally. Table A-2 contains a breakdown of U.S. aircraft sales, Table A-3 lists aerospace export figures for 1992, Table A-4 indicates aerospace trade with Japan.

The aircraft and aerospace industries are also key components of America's larger technological enterprise. The aerospace industry accounts for about one-quarter of U.S. industrial R&D expenditures. Many of the technological competencies fundamental to competitiveness in transport aircraft diffuse to

TABLE A-1 1992 Industry Comparison—Aerospace and Chemicals

 

Aerospace (aircraft)

Chemicals

Value of shipments

125.7 (54.0)

301.9

Share of gross domestic product (%)a

2.1 (1.0)

5.0

Employmenta

695,000 (253,000)

853,000

Imports

12.7 (5.9)

25.1

Exports

42.2 (24.0)

44.2

Trade surplus

29.5 (18.1)

19.1

1989 R&D spending

20.3

11.5

1990 non-federally financed R&D spending

6.1

12.5

1990 non-federally financed R&D spending (% of sales)a

3.5

5.7

a Except for these items, all figures are current billion dollars.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Industrial Outlook 1993 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992); National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators: 1991 Edition (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991), and National Science Board, The Competitive Strength of U.S. Industrial Science and Technology: Strategic Issues (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 1992).



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