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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions B Public Forum PURPOSE Media coverage, Army reporting on interactions with the public, and letters and calls to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee) and Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies (Alternatives Committee) have made it obvious that the public has many concerns about the chemical stockpile and plans for its disposal. As part of its deliberations, the Stockpile Committee wanted an opportunity to discuss those concerns directly with the interested parties. One step to enhance the committee's understanding was to hold a public forum. On June 30, 1993, an Alternative Technologies Forum was held in the main building of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. The forum represented a major undertaking by the Alternatives and Stockpile Committees to obtain public input and comment. The morning session summarized and received comment on the National Research Council report Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions (NRC, 1993a). The afternoon was devoted to explaining the Stockpile Committee's plans and processes for producing its final report for the Army. The public commented on and suggested revisions in some of the committee's plans, both at the forum and through written submissions.
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions AGENDA Public Forum, June 30, 1993 Washington, D.C. The following committee and U.S. Army presentations were made during the one-day forum: Morning Session (a) Briefing by Dr. John P. Longwell, Chairman, Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies (Alternatives Committee), Review of committee's report Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions. This presentation was followed by a question and answer period. Afternoon Session (b) Briefing by Dr. Carl R. Peterson, Chairman, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee), including discussion on (1) introduction and background of the chemical disposal program and the Stockpile Committee's involvement in recommendations for alternative technologies; (2) description of the munitions; and (3) the technology evaluation considerations. (c) Briefing by Mr. Charles Baronian, Program Manager and Technical Director for Chemical Demilitarization, on the Army's plans for its report to Congress and on the Army's mechanism and process for public participation. (d) Briefing by Dr. B. John Garrick, Member, Stockpile Committee," Quantitative Risk Assessment." A question and answer period followed the afternoon briefing session. ATTENDEES The forum was conducted by both the Alternatives and the Stockpile Committees. Attendees were as follows: Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies Dr. John P. Longwell, Chairman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr. George Apostolakis University of California, Los Angeles Dr. Joseph F. Bunnett University of California, Santa Cruz Dr. Peter S. Daley Waste Management International Dr. Gene H. Dyer Bechtel Corporation, Retired Dr. David S. Kosson Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Dr. Walter G. May University of Illinois Dr. Matthew Meselson Harvard University Dr. Henry Shaw New Jersey Institute of Technology
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Dr. Thomas O. Tiernan Wright State University Dr. Barry M. Trost* Stanford University Dr. James R. Wild Texas A & M University Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Dr. Carl R. Peterson, Chairman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr. Elisabeth M. Drake Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr. Colin G. Drury University of Buffalo Mr. Gene H. Dyer Bechtel Corporation, Retired MG Vincent E. Falter U.S. Army, Retired Dr. Ann Fisher The Pennsylvania State University Dr. B. John Garrick PLG, Inc. Dr. John P. Longwell Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr. Richard S. Magee New Jersey Institute of Technology Dr. Alvin Mushkatel Arizona State University Mr. Peter J. Niemiec Greenberg, Glusker, Fields, Claman and Machtinger Dr. George Parshall E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Retired Dr. Gavriel Salvendy* Purdue University Committee Staff Mr. Donald L. Siebenaler, Study Director Dr. James J. Zucchetto, Co-Study Director, Alternatives Committee Ms. Ann Covalt, Technical Writer/Editor Ms. Margo Francesco, Senior Program Assistant NRC's Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems Mr. Archie L. Wood, Executive Director NRC's Board on Army Science and Technology Mr. Bruce Braun, Director Mr. Tracy Wilson, Senior Program Officer NRC's Office of News and Public Information Mr. Lee Tune, Media Relations Associate * Unable to attend.
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Invited Attendees Department of the Army Mr. Charles Baronian, Program Manager and Technical Director for Chemical Demilitarization COL James Coverstone, Assistant Deputy for Chemical Demilitarization, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Logistics and Environment) Mr. Mark Evans, Special Assistant to the Program Manager, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization Mr. Wayne Jennings, Chief, Program Planning Division, for Non-Stockpile Chemical Material, U.S. Army Chemical Material Destruction Agency Ms. Diane Kotras, Physical Scientist, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, The Pentagon MAJ Jean-Luc Ontiveros, Acting Chief, Engineering and Technology Division, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization Ms. Margo Robinson, Program Analyst, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Logistics and Environment) Ms. Marilyn Tischbin, Chief, Public Affairs Office, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization Congressional Mr. Alan Dayton, on behalf of Senator Robert Bennett, State of Utah Mr. Ken Lane, on behalf of Senator Benjamin Campbell, State of Colorado Ms. Lasca Low, on behalf of Congressman John Myers, State of Indiana Ms. Vickie Plunkett, on behalf of Congressman Glen Browder, State of Alabama State of Alabama Dr. Doris Gertler, Families Concerned About Nerve Gas Incineration, Anniston Mr. William Gerald Hardy, Alabama Department of Environmental Management, Land Division, Montgomery Mr. Jim Harmon, Families Concerned About Nerve Gas Incineration, Anniston Mr. Nate Hartman, Alabama Department of Environmental Management, Air Division, Montgomery
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Mr. Griffin "Buddy" Holcomb, Jr., Talladega County Emergency Management Agency, Talladega Mr. Jerry D. Mullinix, Director of Chemical Demilitarization, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville Division, Huntsville Mr. Rudy Noll, Citizens for SPRING, Anniston COL Leo E. Norton, Deputy Commander, Chemical Demilitarization and Special Projects, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville Mr. Boyce L. Ross, Chief, Design Management and Integration Division, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville State of Arkansas Ms. Kim Konecny, Assistant Environmental Liaison, The Office of Governor Jim Guy Tucker, Little Rock State of Colorado Ms. Jacqueline Beradini, Office of the Environment, Colorado Department of Health, Denver Dr. Richard A. Martinez, Pueblo County Commission, and Chairperson, PDA Chemical Demilitarization Commission, Pueblo Mr. Ross Vincent, Chair, Rocky Mountain Chapter, Sierra Club, Pueblo State of Indiana Mr. Jim Gross, Indiana Department of Environmental Management, Indianapolis Dr. Gregory Steele, Indiana State Department of Health, Indianapolis State of Kentucky MG Robert L. DeZarn, Adjutant General of Kentucky and Head, Department of Military Affairs, Frankfort Mr. Ken Hudson, Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) Branch Manager, Division of Disaster and Emergency Services, Department of Military Affairs, Frankfort Ms. Valerie Hudson, Principal Assistant, Department for Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet, Frankfort
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Mr. Thomas Pendleton, Jr., Kentucky Department of Military Affairs, Frankfort Mr. Craig Williams, Kentucky Environmental Foundation, Berea State of Maryland Ms. Lisa Albin, on behalf of Mr. David McMillion, Maryland Emergency Management Agency, Pikesville Mr. John Chalda, Maryland Department of Environment, Baltimore Mr. Harold L. Dye, Jr., Maryland Department of Environment, Baltimore Mr. Walter B. Harris, Chesapeake Bay Protection, Worton Mr. Robert Hukill and Mrs. Jane Hukill, Coalition for Safe Disposal, Worton Mr. Robert T. Jaske, P.E., Public Safety Consultant, Bethesda Dr. Peter Montague, Environmental Research Foundation, Annapolis Mr. John Nunn and Mrs. Nancy Nunn, Coalition for Safe Disposal, Worton Mr. Jim Peavler, Chesapeake Development, Inc., Towson State of Oregon Lisa Brenner, Ph.D., on behalf of John Charles, Citizens for Quality Living, Sherwood Mr. Brett McKnight, on behalf of Ms. Stephanie Hallock, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, Portland Dr. Thomas Stibolt, Kaiser Permanente, Kaiser Sunnyside Medical Center, Clackamos Ms. Katherina Woodward, Portland State of Utah Mr. Myron W. Lee, Tooele County, Department of Emergency Management, Tooele Ms. Connie Nakahara, representing Mr. Dennis Downs, Utah Department of Environmental Quality and State and Territorial Waste Management Official, Salt Lake City Mr. Jim Wangsgard, representing Mr. Dennis Downs, Utah Department of Environmental Quality and State and Territorial Waste Management Official, Salt Lake City
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Additional Interest Groups and Individuals Ms. Elizabeth Bartlett, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Atlanta, Georgia Dr. Dupont Durst, U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland Mr. Alan Goldfarb, MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia Mr. Matthew Hale, Office of Solid Waste, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Dr. Paul Johnston, The Earth Resources Center, University of Exeter, United Kingdom Mr. Gerwyn Jones, Madison, New Jersey Mr. David Keefer, Evaluator, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. Mr. David Koplow, Lawyers Alliance for World Security, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C. Mr. Kier Lieber, Research Associate, The Henry L. Stimson Center, Washington, D.C. Mr. Stephen A. McFadden, M.S., Independent Research Advocate, Pasco, Washington Mr. Blaine McKusik, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Task Force, War Gas Disposal Committee, Wilmington, Delaware Mr. Kyle Olson, Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute, Alexandria, Virginia Mrs. June Ottinger, Chemical Weapons Working Group, Anniston, Alabama Mr. John Parachini, Executive Director, Lawyers Alliance for World Security, Washington, D.C. Mr. Bob Pikul, MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia Lawrence Plumlee, M.D., Washington Center for Environmental Health (former EPA Medical Science Advisor), Cabin John, Maryland Mr. David Rowan, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. Mr. Steven Setzer, Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hill, Atlanta, Georgia Ms. Amy Smithson, The Henry L. Stimson Center, Washington, D.C. Ms. Maria Vorel, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Congressional Relations, Washington, D.C.
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions Invitees Who Submitted Written Statements and Comments The Honorable Jack Jones, County Judge; the Honorable Jerry Taylor, Mayor, Pine Bluff, Arkansas; and the Honorable Raymond Ross, Mayor, White Hall, Arkansas Mr. Thomas L. Askcraft, Coordinator, Office of Emergency Services, Jefferson County, Pine Bluff, Arkansas Mr. Brainard Bivens, Chemical Weapons Working Group Delegate, Pine Bluff, Arkansas The Honorable Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Congressman, State of Colorado Mr. Dennis R. Downs, Director, Utah Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste, Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City, Utah Ms. Donna M. Heivilin, Director, Defense Management and NASA Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. Mr. Douglas Hindman, Vice Chair, Kentucky Chemical Demilitarization Citizens' Advisory Commission, Richmond, Kentucky Mr. Robert P. Hukill, Coalition for Safe Disposal, Worton, Maryland Mr. Robert T. Jaske, P.E., Bethesda, Maryland Ms. Karyn J. Jones, Citizens for Environmental Quality, Hermiston, Oregon Ms. Susan Lee Jones, Citizens for Environmental Quality, Hermiston, Oregon Ms. Toni Lampkin, Springfield, Oklahoma Mr. Stephen A. McFadden, Independent Research Advocate, Pasco, Washington Mr. John E. Nunn, III, Worton, Maryland (Letter—July 21, 1993 to the Stockpile Committee, copy of letter—July 30, 1993 to General Walter L. Busbee) Mr. Wilbur Slockish, Jr., Rural Alliance for Military Accountability (RAMA), The Dalles, Oregon Dr. John L. Spomer, Citizens for Environmental Quality, Hermiston, Oregon Thomas B. Stibolt, MD, and Lis P. Brenner, Ph.D., Sherwood, Oregon Stephen B. Thacker, M.D., M.Sc., Acting Director, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia Mr. Craig Williams, National Spokesperson, Chemical Weapons Working Group, Berea, Kentucky
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions June 10, 1993 Dear: Our nation has a large stockpile of lethal unitary chemical agents and munitions. Congress has directed that the Department of Defense, which chose the Department of the Army as its principal agent, destroy this stockpile in a safe and effective manner. Though long embarked on a disposal program involving the incineration of all agent and munitions components, in October 1992 the Army was further directed to report to Congress by December 31, 1993, on potential alternatives to its baseline disassembly and incineration process. The Army report would include an evaluation of the report of the Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies (Alternatives Committee) of the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). It would also include recommendations made by the NAS, or more specifically, the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee). On June 30, 1993, these Committees will sponsor a Forum on disposal technologies for lethal chemical agents and munitions. Before giving details on the Forum, I would like to provide some background on the overall NRC effort with regard to the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. The Stockpile Committee suggested to the Army in March 1991 that an evaluation of alternative technologies be undertaken. In November 1991, the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Logistics and Environment) formally requested that the NRC undertake an independent study of alternative technologies. In early 1992, the NRC initiated a two-step effort. First, the Alternatives Committee was established, with the task of preparing a broad review of potential alternative technologies. The Committee's report, Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions, is being released to the public today, June 10, 1993. A copy is enclosed for your perusal. Second, based upon that report, and on the Stockpile Committee's knowledge of and considerable experience with disposal program requirements, it was asked to make recommendations to the Army on disposal processes that might be appropriate for systems capable of safe, economic, and timely disposal of lethal unitary chemical agents and munitions. This report is due from the Stockpile Committee in November 1993. As indicated above, information and recommendations from these reports would be included in the Army's December 1993 report to Congress.
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Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions FIGURE B-1 Letter of invitation to public forum. As Chairman of the Stockpile Committee, I am writing to seek your participation in the June 30 Forum, which will be sponsored by both the Stockpile and the Alternatives Committees. The Forum will explore and discuss issues raised by the Alternatives Committee report, and is intended for those interested in agent and munitions elimination. A copy of the tentative agenda is enclosed. The Forum has four fundamental purposes: to briefly review the findings of the Alternatives Committee report; to review the technical issues being considered by the Stockpile Committee; to ensure that the Stockpile Committee is informed of citizens' concerns; and to review the evaluation methods and process that the Stockpile Committee will use to formulate its recommendations. We hope to establish a sound, common language for discussing technical issues, for comparing alternatives, and for obtaining effective public comment on the planning of the disposal effort. Invitees to the Forum will include citizens and representatives from affected states (copy of Letter of Invitation to Governor enclosed), government agencies, environmental groups, and members from interested Congressional Staffs. An informal list of interested parties from your state is enclosed. Your interest in these matters has come to our attention, which is why I am extending this invitation to you to attend the Forum. Should you be unable to do so, your written comments with regard to alternatives would be most welcome. Space at the Forum will be limited; therefore, please indicate your intentions to attend as soon as possible, but absolutely no later than June 24, 1993. Should you desire to submit written comments, please have them to us no later than June 25 in order that we may have them available at the Forum. A response form is attached for your convenience. I apologize for this short notice. If you have any questions about the Forum, please feel free to contact Ms. Margo Francesco, National Research Council staff, by telephone at (202) 334-1902 or by facsimile at (202) 334-2620 for further details and information. Sincerely yours, Carl R. Peterson, Chairman Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program
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