chemical agents (especially nerve agents), development must include both laboratory and pilot studies. Demonstration studies must also include the development of new analytical and process control techniques, and the establishment of waste treatment procedures adapted to each specific neutralization process and site.

The time required to develop a neutralization-based process for use at any specific site may be three to five years longer than for the baseline system if a complete on-site system must be developed. The time requirement would be reduced if the hydrolysis products were to be disposed of by incineration at an existing incinerator. The research and development for a stand-alone system will add significantly to the cost, although the capital investment may be reduced in favorable situations. It also prolongs the risks associated with continued storage of chemical agents and munitions at a site.

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