in the curricula, degree offerings, and advice they offer to students to make them more aware of and better able to respond to career opportunities and requirements in the many areas that are enabled by AMO science. Achieving this goal could be accomplished in part through greater interaction and cooperative programs with industry and government. Such changes should be designed to promote the interest of women and minorities in AMO science and increase their representation in the field. These issues, of course, transcend the particular field of AMO science and should properly be addressed more broadly.
Given the narrow definition of optical science adopted in this study, the panel recommends that a more comprehensive assessment of the more broadly defined field of optical science, engineering, and technology be undertaken.5