emphasize the support of single investigators and small groups, rely on merit review for undirected as well as goal-directed basic research, and support an interagency advisory or coordinating committee to collect and disseminate information and provide guidance to government, industry, and the AMO science community.
The report is divided into two parts. Part I, "Overview," discusses the impact of the science and recent discoveries, and presents recommendations aimed at enhancing the value of the science to society. Part II, "Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Science: Today and Tomorrow," the main body of the report, amplifies and gives details of topics summarized in the overview.
The panel has arrived at three priorities for AMO science in the immediate future. First, the panel recommends a pattern of support that maintains and enhances responsiveness of AMO science to national needs by ensuring the healthy diversity of the field and the strength of the core research. Second, the panel recommends research into highly promising new technologies for the control and manipulation of atoms, molecules, charged particles, and light. Third, the panel recommends research into new and improved lasers and other advanced light sources. Specific priorities with regard to different national goals and needs—such as those related to industrial technology, manufacturing, and processing; information technology, high-performance computing, and communications; energy; global change; defense; health and medical technology; space technology; and transportation—can best be identified by agencies and advisory bodies addressing these specific goals and needs.