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RE COMMENDAT I ONS 1. 2. ;. That academic institutions, give further attention to rates of promotion of faculty members. Much of ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ in the past has been at the entry level. and science departments in ~ ~ male and female Particular. the locus ot affirmative action efforts _ The findings in this re- port suggest a need to take that one step further and examine the comparative advancement of those hired as assistant professors. That affirmative action policies devote attention to the increasing overrepresentation of women in the off-ladder ranks of instructor/ lecturer; although only about 3 percent of women science faculty hold such rank, the trend suggests that institutions have given re- duced rather than increased attention to equitable faculty hiring ~ . . poll ale S . That equal opportunity reviews be linked more directly to depart- mental or project levels rather than to university-wide performance. Awards should be contingent on satisfactory equal opportunity ef- forts within the department concerned, rather than requiring evi- dence of compliance throughout the institution. In restating this recommendation, which was made in the Committee's first report, we are pleased to note that the National Institutes of Health has adopted this policy in their grant reviews, and that the Subcom- mittee on Women of the Committee on Equal Opportunity in Science and Technology, advisory to the Director of the National Science Foundation, strongly endorses this recommendation. That Congress explore measures to ameliorate the inevitable sex bias in higher education that will again result from a renewed G.I. bill. In raising this question, we emphasize our concern not sim- ply with the numerical disparities that result from a sex-biased support pattern but particularly with the consequent limitations on access for talented women from less than affluent families. That potential new programs aimed at improving the quality of pre- college education in mathematics and science be developed with careful regard to the equitable participation of female and minority 7.1

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students at all levels and from the beginning. In particular, Con- gressional authorization of such programs and potential state initia- tives should include explicit support for such participation in the distribution of public funds That the National Research Council continue to monitor the progress of women scientists and engineers and to report on this topic at appropriate intervals to the public and to the scientific and en- gineering professions 7 2