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APPENDICES A. Questionnaire for the 1981 Survey of Doctorate Recipients B. Questionnaire for the 1980 Survey of Earned Doctorates C. Top 50 institutions ranked by federal R&D expenditures in fiscal year 1980 D. Sample sizes--Number of doctoral scientists and engineers in academe by field, type of position held, and sex, 1981

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1981 SURVEY OF DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS APPENDIX A CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WITH THE SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES, THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH, AND THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OMB No. 3145-0020 NOTE THIS INFORMATION IS SOLICITED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT OF 1950, AS AMENDED. ALL INFORMATION YOU PROVIDE WILL BE TREATED AS CONFIDENTIAL, WILL BE SAFEGUARDED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974, AND WILL BE USED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES ONLY. INFORMATION WILL BE RELEASED ONLY IN THE FORM OF STATISTICAL SUMMARIES OR IN A FORM WHICH DOES NOT IDENTIFY INFORMA- TION ABOUT ANY PARTICULAR PERSON. YOUR RESPONSE IS ENTIRELY VOLUNTARY AND YOUR FAILURE TO PROVIDE SOME OR ALL OF THE REQUESTED INFORMATION WILL IN NO WAY ADVERSELY AFFECT YOU. r If there is an alternate address through which you can always be reached, please provide it on the line below. If your name and address are incorrect, please enter correct information below. INCLUDE NEW NINE-DIGIT ZIP CODE IF KNOWN | c/o Number Street City State ZIP Code (1 1 ) 1 a. How many full-time equivalent years of professional work experience have you had? Year(s) ( 12-13) b. Since receiving the doctorate, how many full-time equivalent years of professional work experience have you had? Year(s) ( 14-15) c. Since receiving the doctorate, how many full-time equivalent years of work experience, if any, involved teaching? Year(s) ( 16-1 7J 2. What was your employment status (includes postdoctoral appointment*) during FEBRUARY 1981? 1. Employed full-time (Skip to Question #4) 2. Employed part-time If you were employed part-time, were you seeking full-time employment? 3. Postdoctoral appointment* If you held a postdoctoral appointment, was it O full-time (Skip to Question =4J O part-time 4. Unemployed and seeking employment 5. Not employed and not seeking employment - (Skip to Question =20) 6. Retired and not employed 7. Other, specify Circle your selection and enter number from below (19) (20) (18) l Temporary appointment in academia, industry or government, the prir:,ary purpose of which is to provide for continued education or experience in research. 3. If you were employed part-time during FEBRUARY 1981, what was the MOST important reason for being in that position? n Enter number I I f rom bel ow ( 21 ) 1. Part-time employment preferred 2. Full-time position not available 3. Constraints due to family or marital status 4. Other, specify 4. From the Degree and Employment Specialties List on page 4 select and enter both the number and title of the employment specialty most closely related to your principal employment or postdoctoral appointment during FEBRUARY 1981. Write in your specialty if it is not on the list. Number Title of Employment Specialty (22-24) 5. If you were employed during FEBRUARY 1981 in a specialty field other than your field of Ph.D., what was the MOST important reason for being in that position? 1. Better pay 2. More attractive career options 3. Preferred specific geographic location 4. Constraints due to family or marital status 5. Position in Ph.D. field not available 6. Promoted out of position in Ph.D. field 7. Other, specify | | Enter number L: from below ( 25) A-2 6. Please give the name of your principal employer (company, orga- nization, postdoctoral institution, etc. or, if self employed, write "self'') and actual place of employment during FEBRUARY 1981. Name of Employer (26-31 ) Number Street City ZIP Code State (3240)

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7. Which category below best describes the type of organization of your principal employment OR postdoctoral appointment during fEBRUARY 1981? - Enter number from below 1. Business or industry (including self -employed) 2. Junior college, 2-year college, technical institute 3. Medical school (including university affiliated hospital or rrbedical center) 4. 4-year college 5. University, other than medical school 6. Elementary or secondary school system 7. Private fou ndation 8. Hospital or clinic (4142} 9. U.S. military service, active duty, or Commissioned Corps, e.g., USPHS, NOAA 10. U.S. government, civilian employee 1 1. State government 1 2. Local or other government, specify: 13. Nonprofit organization, other than those listed above 14. Other, specify _ 8. What wore your primary and secondary work activities during FEBRUARY 1981? (Enter number from the list provided below) 1 . Teachi ng 2. Basic research 3. Appl fed research 4. Development of equipment, products, systems, data 5. Design 6. Writing 7. Editing 8. Professional services to individuals Management or administration of: 9. Research and development 10. Educational programs 1 1. Other Primary a Secondary - (4344) (4546) 1 2. Consulting 1 3. Production 14. Cultural resou rces 15. Archival work 16. Cu ratorial work 17. Performing arts 18. Quality control, inspection, testing 19. Sales, marketing, purchasing, estimating 20. Other, specify 9. What was the basic annual salary. associated with your principal professional employment during FEBRUARY 1981? If you were on a postdoc- toral appointment (see question #2 for definition), what was your stipend plus allowances? $ - per year (4749) Check whether salary was for O 9-10 months or 0 11-12 months (50) Basic salary is your annual salary before deductions for income tax, social security, retirement, etc., but does not include bonuses, overtime, summer teaching, or other payment for professional work. 10a. What was your basic annual salary* for the year ending December 31, 1980? Check whether sa lary was f or O 9-10 months or O 11-12 months ( 54) b. What was your grow professional incomes for the year 19807 $ per year (51-53) $ per year (55-57) l . . tGross professional income is all payments received for professional activities including basic salary before deductions plus bonuses, consulting 1 fees, honoraria, royalties, rental and subsistence allowances, etc. I 11. What percentage of your professional work time did you devote to each of the following activities during FEBRUARY 1981? (Total should equal 100%) % 1. (58) Management or administration of R&D 2. (60) Management or administration of educational programs 3. (62) IVlanagement or administration of other programs 4. (64) Teaching 5. (66) A=lied research 6. (68) Basic research % 7. (70) Consulting 8. (72) Writing/editing 9. (74) Development/design 10. (76) Cultural resources 11. (78) Other, specify 12. If you wore employed by an academic institution during FEBRUARY 1981, did you hold a tenured position? 1 0 Yes If YES, what year was tenure granted? (1 1-12) If NO, did you hold a tenure-track position? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (13) 13. If you were employed by an academic institution during FEBRUARY 1981, what was the rank of your position? Fxulty Non-Faculty 1. Professor 4. Instructor 7. Teaching staff 2. Associate professor S. Administrator 8. Research staff 3. Assistant professor 6. Other, specify 9. Other, specify Title 14. Was any of your work during FEBRUARY 1981 supported or sponsored by U.S. Government funds? O Yes 2 0 No 3 0 Don't Know (15) If YES, which federal agencies or departments were supporting the work? Enter number(s) from the List of Federal Supporting Agencies on page 4. (16-39) A-3 2 0 No ~ Enter number I I from belong (14) Title 15. How important was your DOCTORAL degree in enabling you to attain your present position? (Check only one ) 1 0 2 0 3 0 Un important 4 0 Essential qualification Helpful, but not essential Cannot ascertain ( (10)

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16. Listed below are selected topics of national interest. If you devoted a proportion of your professional time which you considered significant to any of these problem areas during f EBRUARY 1981, please give the corresponding number of the ONE on which you spent the MOST time. :: Enter number from below (4142) 1. Energy or fuel 2. Health 3. Def ense 4. Environ. protection, pollution control 5. Education (other than teaching) 6. Space 11. Housing (planning, design, construction) 7. Crime prevention end control 12. Transportation, communications 8. Food and other agricultural products 13. Cultural life 9. Natural resources, other than fuel or food 14. Other area, specify 10. Community development and services - . . .. . ........ ......... ... ... ...................... .................... ...... . . .....~.:... : .:~6 If you did not s lect ener y or fuel (cate ory #1) in que tio #16, please s ip to question #20. .,,,:.,:, :~ .:. :.-, ~- ,: - : ' ' ' 17. From the list below, give the corresponding number of the ONE energy source that involved the LARGEST proportion of your energy-related work during FEBRUARY 1981. Enter number from below (43) 1 . Coa I and coal products _ _ . 2. Petroleum (including oil shale and tar sands) or natural gas 3. Fission 4. Fusion 5. Hydroenergy 6. Direct solar (including space and water heating, thermal, electric) 7. Indirect solar (winds, tides, biomass, etc.) 8. Geothermal 9. Other, specify 18. Please read the followinglistof energy-related activities end give the corresponding number(s) from the fist belong of the activity(ies) in which you vvere engaged during FEBRUARY 1981. Enter number(s) from below 1. Exploration 2. Extraction (gas, oil, mining) 3. Manufacture of energy-related components or products 4. Fuel processing (including refining and enriching) 5. Electric pomr generation 6. Transportation, transmission, distribution of fuel or energy 7. Energy storage 19. Please enter the number 1-14 from question #18 that BEST describes the 8. Energy utilization, management 9. Fuel reprocessing or disposal 10. Energy conservation 11. Environmental impact (health, economic, etc.) 12. Education, training 13. Research and development 14. Other, specify activity in which you spent MOST of your energy-related time. ~ (64; | 20. What is the major field of your doctorate? Please use the Specialties List on pee 4. Please provide the name of the institution where the degree was earned and the year the degree was granted. Ph.D. Field ( Month and Year Granted (69-71) Institution (72-77) 21. Date of Birth Mo. Day Year 22. Citizenship 1 0 U.S. Native Born 2 0 U.S. Naturalized (10-14) 3 0 Non-U.S., Immigrant (Perm. Res.) 4 0 Non-U.S., Immigrant (Temp. Res.) (15) IF NON t] .; cne~ifv ~oL.ntrv Of citi7onchin .. . _. _ ._., ~__. , __ _ . ., _ _ __ - ( 1 ~1 7) 23a. What is your marital status? 1 0 Now Married 2 0 Widowed 3 O Never Married 4 0 Divorced, separated (18) 23b. Do you have any children living with you who are: Under 6 years of age? 1 0 Yes How manyt Between 6 and 18 years of age? 1 0 Yes How many? 2 0 No I (19-20) 2 0 No (21 -22) 24. Are you physically handicapped? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (23) If Yes, enter number(s) from below (24-27) 1. Visual 2. Auditory 3. Ambulatory 4. Other, specify 25a. What is your racial backgrounds At. . . . _ ~ _ . 1 U American Indian or Alaskan Native 3 1~1 Black 2 0 Asian or Pacific Islander 4 0 White (28) 25b. Is your ethnic heritage H ispanic? 1 0 Yes If Yes, is it: 2 0 No 1 0 Mexican-American (29) 2 0 Puerto Rican 3 0 Other Hispanic Thank you for completing this questionnaire. Please return the completed form in the enclosed envelope to the Commission on Human Rosourc - , IH638, National Ro_rch Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20418. A-4

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DEGREE AND EMPLOYMENT SPECIALTIES LIST MATHEMATICAL EARTH, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES AND MARINE SCIENCES 000 Algebra 010 Analysis ~ Functional Analysis 020 Geometry 030 Logic 040 Number Theory 052 Probability oss Math. Statistics (see also 544 670 725 727) 060 Topology 082 Operations Research (see also 478) 085.Applied Mathematics 089 Combinatorics ~ f inite Mathematics 091 Physical Mathematics 0 - Mathematics General 0~Mathematics Other COMPUTER SCIENCES 071 Theory 072 Software Systems 073 Hardware Systems 074 Intelligent Systems 079 Computer Sciences Other (see also 437 476) 101 Astronomy 102 Astrophysics 110-Atomic 8' Molecular 120 Electromagnetism 130 Mechanics 132 Acoustics 134 Fluids 135 Plasma 136 Optics 138 Thermal 14.0.Elementary Particles 150 Nuclear Structure 160-Solid State 198-Physics General 199 Physics Other. CHEIVIISTRY 301 Mlneraiogy Petrology 305 Geochemistry 310 Stratigraphy. Sedimentation 320 Paleontology 330 Structural Geology 341 Geophysics (solid Earth) 350.Geomorph. ~ Glacial Geology 391 Appl~ed Geol. Geol. Engr. Econ. Geol. 395 -Fuel Tech. ~ Petrol. Engr. (see also 479) 360 - Hydrology & Water Resources 370 Oceanography 397 Marine Sciences Other. 381 Atmospheric Physics & Chemistry 382.Atmospheric Dynamics 383 ~ Atmospheric Sciences Other 388 Environmental Sciences General (see also 480 528) 389 Environmental Sciences Other 398 Earth Sciences General 399 - Earth Sciences Other ENGINEERING 400 Aeronautical ~ Astronautical 410 Agricultural 415 Biomedical PHYSICS ~ ASTRONOMY 420.Civil 430 Chemical 435 Ceram ic 437 Computer 440 Electrical 445 Electronics 450~1ndustrial ~ Manufacturing 455 Nuclear "0 Engineering Mechanics "5.Engineering Physics 470 Mechanical 475.Metallurgy ~ Phys. Met. Engr. 476 Systems Design ~ Systems Science (see also 072 073 074) 478 Operations Research (see also 082) 479 Fuel Technology 8 Petrol. Engr. (see also 395) 480.Sanitary ~ Environmental 486 Mining "7 materials Science 498 Engineering General 4 - Engineering Other 200 Analytical 210 Inorganic 215.Synthetic Inorganic 8` Organometal I ic 220 Organic 225.Synthetic Organic 8' Natural Products 230 Nuclear 240 Physical 245 Ouantum 250 Theoretical 255 Structural 260.Agricultural ~ food 265 Thermodynamics ~ Material Properties 270 Pharmaceutical 275 Polymers 280 Biochemistry (see also 540) 285..Chem~cal Dynamics 21~8Chemistry General geochemistry Other 1. Agency tor International Development 2 Environmental Protection Agency 3. National Aeronautics 8 Space Administration 4 National Endowment for the Arts 5. National Endowment for the Humanities 6. National Science foundation 7. Nuclear Regulatory Commission 8. Smithsonian lost,tution 9. Department Of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 500 Agronomy 501 Agricultural Economics 502.Animal Husbandry 503 - f ood Science and/or Tech- nology (see also 573) 504 Fish ~ Wildlife 505 Forestry 506 Horticulture 507 So~ls ~ Soil Science 510 Animal Science ~ Animal Nutrition 511 Phytopathology 518.Agriculture General 519 ~ Agriculture Other laent`ty the 5peCtt'C field in the space on the questior~nure. LIST OF FEDERAL SUPPORTING AGENCIES (For use with #14) 10. Department ot Commerce 1 1. C)epartment of Detense 12. Department ot Energy 1 3. National Institutes of Health ( DH HS) 14 Alcohol Drug Abuse ~ Mental Health Administration (NIAA NIDA NIGH) 15. Other D H HS specify 16.National Institute of Education (E.D.) 1 7. Other Department of Education ~ E.D.) A-5 MEDICAL SCIENCES SOCIAL SCIENCES 520 Med ic i ne ~ Surgery 522 Public Health ~ Epidemiology 523.Veter~nary Medicine 524 Hospital Administration 526 Nursing 527 Parasitology 528.Environmental Health 534 Pathology 536 Pharmacology 537 Pharmacy 538 Medical Sciences. General 53g .Medical Sciences Other. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 540 Biochemistry (see also 280) 542 Biophysics 543 Biomathematice 544 Biometrics and Biostatistics (see also055 670 725 727) 545 Anatomy 546 Cytology 547 Embryology SU Immunology 550 Botany 580 Ecology 582 Hydrobiology 584 Microbiology ~ Bacteriology Physiology Animal 567 Physiology Plant 5 - Zoology 570 Genetics 571 Entomology 572 Molecular Biology 573 - Food Science andlor Tech- nology (see also 503) 574 Behavior/Ethology 576.Nutrition ~ Dietetics 578-BiologicalSciences General 579 Biological Sciences Other. PSYCHOLOGY 700 Anthropology 703 Archeology 708 Communications. 709 Linguistics 710 Sociology 720 Economics (see also 501) 725 Econometrics (see also 055 544 670 727) 727 Social Statistics (a - also 056 544 670. 725) 740 Geography 745 Area Studies' 751 Political Science 752 - Public Administration 755 International Rotations 760 ~ Criminology & Criminal Justice 770 Urban ~ Regional Planning 775 History ~ Philosophy of Science 798 Social Sciences, Gal 789Social Sciences Other. HUNIANITIES 802 History ~ Criticism of Aft History American 805 ~ History European 805 History Other 808 American Stud~e 809 Theator ~ Titer Criticism 830 - Music 831 -Sp~cl~ as a Dramatic An (See also 885) ~ . philosophy .38 Comparative Literature 891 Library ~ Archival Science 878-Humanities General 879 Humanities Other. LANGUAGES LITERATURE 811 American 812 English 821 German 822 Russian US French U. Spanish t' Portuguese 825 Italian 827 Classical 829 bother Languages. EDUCATION ~ OTHER 600 Clinical PROFESSIONAL flELDS 610 Counseling ~ Guidance 620 Developmental ~ Gerontological 630 Educational 635.School Psychology 641 Experimental 642 Comparative 643 Physiological 650 Industrial ~ Personnel "0 Personality 670 Psychometrics (see also 055 544 725 727) 680 Social 698 Psychology General 6 - Psychology Other 801 Art Applied ~33 Religion 881 Theology "2 Business Administration "3 Home Economics 884 Journalism 885 Speech ~ Hoaring Sciences (see also 831) Law ~ urisprudence "7 Social Work 897 Professional Field Other. 938 Education (other than teaciling in a field listed above) 899 either Fields 18. Department of Housing and Urt~an Development 19. Department of the Interior 20. Department of Justice 21. Department of Labor 22. Department of State 23. Department ot Transportation 24. Other agency or Apartment specify . . 25. Don t know source agency

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Conducted by The National Research Council in Cooperation with The American Council of Learned Societies, The Social Science Research Council, and The Graduate Deans To the Doctoral Candidate: .,, ; .. A. ,,~: s::d ...... .. Supported by The National Science Foundation, The U.S. Office of Education, The National Endowment for the Humanities, and The National Institutes of Health This is a brief description of the Survey of Earned Doctorates indicating how the resulting data are used and the individual confidentiality of data is protected. The basic purpose of this Survey is to gather objective data about doctoral graduates, data that are often helpful in improving graduate education. We ask your cooperation with the project. The information requested on the accompanying questionnaire is largely self-explanatory. Please complete it, detach it along the perforated line, and return it to your Graduate Dean. On the back of this sheet is a Specialties List with code numbers and titles for classifying your fields of specialization. This will be useful in connection with several items on the questionnaire. If none of the detailed fields listed seems to be appropriate, note the "General" and "Other" categories. What is the Survey of Earned Doctorates? The Survey is conducted annually by the Commission on Human Resources of the National Research Council in cooperation with the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council. The form is distributed with the cooperation of the Graduate Deans and filled out by all graduates who have completed require- ments for their doctoral degrees. Research doctorates in all fields are included, but professional degrees such as the MD, DDS, and DVM are not included because information about recipients of those degrees is compiled elsewhere. The cumulative file goes back to 1920 and is called the Doctorate Records File. The use of the doctoral data has been increasing, partly because of the implications for graduate education stemming from the change in the growth pattern of the number of persons receiving doctorates (562 in 1920; 3,278 in 1940; 9,735 in 1960; 29,497 in 1970; peaking at 33,727 in 1973; and now at 30,850 in 1978). This survey attempts to supply some of the information as of the time the doctorate is received. What uses are made of the Survey data? The data collected by this survey questionnaire become part of the Doctorate Records File maintained by the Commission on Human Resources of the National Research Council. The Survey data are collected with the intention that they will be put to use, but only under carefully defined conditions. Such data as the number of degrees awarded in each field of specialization, the educational preparation of degree recipients, their sources of financial support, the length of time required to attain the degree, and postdoctoral employment plans of doctorate recipients are of great interest to graduate schools, employers, the scholarly community, and the nation generally. The Doctorate Records File is used for a limited number of carefully defined follo~v-up research studies. Each year a sample of doctorate recipients is selected for inclusion in a longitudinal research file maintained for the blational Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Statistical summaries from the Doctorate Records File are used by educational institutions, professional societies, and government agencies. Some specific examples are: An extensive statistical summary of the data is published and distributed to all graduate schools about every five years.')' These reports have been widely used by graduate schools and states to evaluate their progress in providing doctoral education. The data may also be useful to graduate students as an aid in selecting a graduate department. Annual reports containing statistical summaries based on the most recent year's Survey are distributed to graduate schools, government agencies, and any others on request.'2' The confidentiality of Survey data is carefully protected. This information is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. All information you provide will be treated as confidential and will be used for statistical purposes only. Information will be released only in the form of statistical summaries or in a form which does not identify Information about any par- ticular person. There are only two exceptions to this policy: (1) information (name, year, and field of degree) is released to institutions from which you received degrees and to other organizations as part of tile address search pros cedure for follow-up research studies; and (2) Information from your form will be made available to the institution where you receive your doctoral degree. Your response is entirely voluntary and your failure to provide some or all of the information will in no way adversely affect you. (1) National Academy of Sciences, A Century of Doctorates-Data Analyses of Growth and Change, Washington, D.C. 1978. (2) National Academy of Sciences, Summary Report 1978, Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities, Washington, D. C. March, 1979. A-6

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MATH EMATICS 383 Atmospheric Sciences, Other* 388 Environmental Sciences, General (see also 480, 528) 389 Environmental Sciences, Other* 398 Earth Sciences, General 399 Earth Sciences, Other* 000 Algebra 010 Analysis & Functional Analysis 020 Geometry 030 Logic 040 Number Theory 050 Probability & Math. Statistics (see also 544, 670, 725, 727, ENGINEERING 060 Topo 1 ogy 080 Computing Theory & Practice 082 Operations Research (see also 478) 085 Applied Mathematics 098 Mathematics, General 099 Mathematics, Other* COMPUTER SCIENCES 079 Computer Sciences* (see also 437) ASTRONOMY 101 Astonomy 1 02 Astrophysics PHYSICS 1 10 Atomic & Molecular 1 32 Acoustics 134 Fluids 135 Plasma 1 36 Optics 1 38 Therma I 140 Elementary Particles 1 50 N uclear Structure 160 Solid State 198 Physics, General 199 Physics, Other* CH EM ISTRY 200 Analytical 210 Inorganic 220 Organic 230 Nuclear 240 Physical 250 Theoretical 270 Pharmaceutical 275 Polymer 298 Chemistry, General 299 Chemistry, Other* EARTH, ENVIRONMENTAL AND MARINE SCIENCES 301 Mineralogy, Petrology 305 Geochemistry 310 Stratigraphy, Sedimentation 320 Paleontology 330 Structural Geology 341 Geophysics (Solid Earth) 350 Geornorph. & Glacial Geology 391 Applied Geol., Geol. Engr. & Econ. Geol. 360 Hydrology & Water Re- sou roes 370 Oceanography 397 Marine Sciences, Other* 381 Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry 382 Atmospheric Dynamics 400 Aeronautical & Astronautical 410 Agricultural 415 Biomedical 420 Civil 430 Chemical 435 Ceramic 437 Computer 440 Electrical 445 Electronics 450 Industrial 455 Nuclear 460 Engineering Mechanics 465 Engineering Physics 470 Mechanical 475 Metallurgy & Phys. Met. Engr. 476 Systems Design & Systems Science 478 Operations Research (see also 082) 479 Fuel Tech. & Petrol. Engr. 480 Sanitary & Environmental 486 Mining 497 Materials Science 498 Engineering, General 499 Engineering, Other* AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 500 Agronomy 501 Agricultural Economics 502 Animal H usbandry 503 Food Science & Technology 504 Fish & Wildlife 505 Forestry 506 Horticulture 507 Soils & Soil Science 510 Animal Science & Animal N utrition 511 Phytopathology 518 Agriculture, General 519 Agriculture, Other* MEDICAL SCI ENCES 522 Public Health & Epidemi- ology 523 Veterinary Medicine 526 N u rsi ng 527 Parasitology 528 Environmental Health 534 Pathology 536 Pharmaco.logy 537 Pharmacy 538 Medical Sciences, General 539 Medical Sciences, Other* BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 540 Biochemistry 542 Biophysics 544 Biometrics & Biostatistics (see also 050, 670, 725, 727, 920) * Identify the specific field in the space provided on the qucst~onnaire. A-7 545 Anatomy 546 Cytology 547 Embryology 548 Immunology 550 Botany 560 Ecology 564 Microbiology & Bacteriology 566 Physiology, Animal 567 Physiology, Plant 569 Zoology 570 Genetics 571 Entomology 572 Molecular Biology 576 Nutrition and/or Dietetics 578 Biological Sciences, General 579 Biological Sciences, Other* PSYCHOLOGY 600 Clinical 610 Counseling & Guidance 620 Developmental & Geronto- logical 630 Educational 635 School Psychology 641 Experimental 642 Comparative 643 Physiological 650 Industrial & Personnel 660 Personality 670 Psychometrics (see also 050, 544, 725, 727, 920) 680 Social 698 Psychology, General 699 Psychology, Other* SOCIAL SCIENCES 700 Anthropology 708 Communications* 710 Sociology 720 Economics (see also 501 ) 725 Econometrics (see also 050, 544, 670, 727, 920) 727 Statistics (see also 050, 544, 670, 725, 920) 740 G sag raphy 745 Area Studies* 751 Political Science 752 Public Administration 755 International Relations 760 Criminology & Criminal Justice 770 Urban & Reg. Planning 798 Social Sciences, General 799 Social Sciences, Other* HUMANITI ES 802 History & Criticism of Art 804 History, American 805 History, European 806 History, Other* 807 History & Philosophy of Science 808 American Studies 809 Theatre and Theatre Criticism 830 Music 831 Speech as a Dramatic Art (see also 885) 832 Archeology 833 Religion (see also 881 ) 834 Philosophy 835 Linguistics 836 Comparative Literature 878 Humanities, General 879 Humanities, Other* LANGUAGES & LITERATURE 811 American 812 English 821 German 822 Russian 823 French 824 Spanish & Portuguese 826 Italian 827 Classical* 829 Other Languages* EDUCATI ON 900 Foundations: Social & Philosoph. 910 Educational Psychology 908 Elementary Educ., General 9O9 Secondary Educ., General g18 Higher Education 919 Adult Educ. & Extension Educ. 920 Educ. Meas. & Stat. 929 Curriculum & Instruction 930 Educ. Admin. & Superv. 940 Guid., Couns., & Student Pers. 950 Special Education (Gifted, Handicapped, etc.) 960 Audio-Visual Media TEACH I NG F I E LDS 970 Agriculture Educ. 972 Art Educ. 974 Business Educ. 975 Early Childhood Educ. 976 English Educ. 978 Foreign Languages Educ. 980 Home Economics Educ. 982 Industrial Arts Educ. 984 Mathematics Educ. 986 Music Educ. 987 Nursing Educ. 988 Phys. Ed., Health, & Recre- ation 989 Reading Education 990 Science Educ. 992 Social Science Educ. 993 Speech Education 994 Vocational Educ. 996 Other Teaching Fields* 998 Education, General 999 Education, Other* OTHER PROFESSIONAL FIELDS 881 Theology (see also 833) 882 Business Administration 883 Home, Economics 884 Journalism 885 Speech & Hearing Sciences (see also 831 ) 886 Law & Jurisprudence 887 Social Work 891 Library & Archival Science 897 Professional Field, Other* 899 OTHER Fl ELDS*

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NSF Form 558 1979 OMB No. 99-R0290 SURVEY OF EARNED DOCTORATES Approval Expires June 30, 1981 This form is to be returned to the GRADUATE DEAN, for forwarding to . . Please print or type. 1. Name in full: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Last Name) (First Name) (Middle Name) Cross Reference: Maiden name or former name legally changed .................................. 2. Permanent address through which you could always be reached: (Care of, if applicable) .............................................. ............................................................................................................................ . (Number) (Street) (City) ............................................................................................................................ ... .... ... ... (State) (Zip Code) (Or Country if not U.S.) 3. U.S. Social Security Number: - - 4. Date of birth: ........... (1 0-14) 5. Sex: 6. Marital status: 7. Citizenship: (M onth) 1 O Male 1 O Married O O U.S. native 1 0 U.S. naturalized ............... Place of birth: (Day) (Year) (15-16) (State) (Or Country if not U.S.) 2 O Female 2 0 Not married (including widowed, divorced) 2 O Non U.S., Immigrant (Permanent Resident) 3 0 Non-U.S., Non-Immigrant (Temporary Resident) If Non-U.S., indicate country of present citizenship ................................................ 8. Racial or ethnic group: (Check only one.) 0 O American Indian or Alaskan Native .. 1 O Asian or Pacific Islander ............ ....... Commission on Human Resources National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D. C. 20418 (9 3 o, (31~39) (17) (18) (19) (20-21) A persort baring origins in- . . any of the original peoples of North America, and who maintain cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition. . . any of the original peoples of the Far East Southeast Asia,, the Indian Subcontinent or , ~ the Pacific Islands. This area includes for example, China, India, Japan, Korea9 the Philippine Islands' and Samoa. 2 O Black, not of Hispanic Origin any of the black racial groups of Africa. 3 O White, not of Hispanic Origin any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East. 4 a Puerto Rican Puerto Rico, regardless of race. 5 O Mexican-American . Mexico, regardless of race. 6 a Other Hispanic Central or South America, Cuba, or other Spanish culture, regardless of race. 9. Number of dependents: Do not include yourself. (Dependent = someone receiving at least one half of his or her support from you) (2 (22-24) 10. High school last attended: . ~ (2~27) (SchoolName) (City) (State) Year of graduation from high school: (2s-29) 11. List in the table below all collegiate and graduate institutions you have attended including 2-year colleges. List chronologically, and in- clude your doctoral institution as the last entry. . . M inor Major Field Field Use Specialties List . Degree (if any) . Title of Granted An: ~ 12. Enter below the title of your doctoral dissertation and the most appropriate classification number and field. If a project report or a musical or literary composition (not a dissertation) is a degree requirement, please check box. O Title Classify using Specialties List Number Name of field 13. Name the department (or interdisciplinary committee, center, institute, etc.) and school or college of the university which supervised your doctoral program: ............................................................................. {~ A^+~l~+:+~ /~rr._i++^^~Dr^~r~rr\ (School) (Depa rtment/ I nstitute/Comm i/tee/Program) 14. Name of your adviser for dissertation, project report or music/literary composition: .. continued on next page A-8 (12) (Last Name) (First Name) (Middle Initial)

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SURVEY OF EARNED DOCTORATES, Cont. 15. Please enter a "1" beside your primary source of support during graduate study. Enter a "2" beside your secondary source of support during graduate study. Check (/) all other sources from which support was received. a NSF Fellowship b - USE Traineeship c NIH Fellowship d - NIH Traineeship e NDEA Fellowship f Title IX Graduate AEC/ERDA/DOE Fellowship n University Fellowship _NASA Traineeship o Teacl~ing Assistantship Research Assistantship Educational fund of industrial or business firm r Other institutional funds (specify) i_ 1 GI Bill P k Other Federal support q (specify) 1 Woodrow Wilson Fellowship m _ Other U.S. national fellowship & Professional Opportunities Pgm. Fellowship g Other HEW (specify) s Own earnings t Spouse's earnings u Family contribu tions Loans (NDSL direct) w Other loans tic Other (specify) 16. Please check the space which most fully describes your status during the year immediately preceding the doctorate. (26~9) 5 0 College or uruversity, teaching 0 0 Held fellowship Full-time ~6 O College or university, non-teaching 1 0 Held assistantship Employed in: 7 0 Elem. or sec. school, teaching 2 O Held own research grant (Other than 8 O Elem. or sec. school, non-teaching 3 0 Not employed 0, 1, 2) 9 0 Industry or business 4 O Part-time employed (12) 0 Any other (specify) (so) 17. How well defined are your postgraduation plans? 20 0 O Am returning to, or continuing in, predoctoral a. employment 1 0 Have signed contract or made definite commitment 2 0 Am negotiating with one or more specific organizations 3 O Am seeking appointment but have no specific prospects 4 O Other (specify) a. If you plan to be employed, enter military service, or other- What will be the type of employer? 0 0 4-year college or university other than medical school 1 0 Medical school 2 0 Jr. or community college 3 O Elem. or sec. school 4 0 Foreign government 5 O U.S. Federal government 6 O U.S. state government 7 0 U.S. local government 8 0 Nonprofit organization 9 0 Industry or business (11) O Self-employed (12) O Other (specify) ......... 18. What are your immediate postgraduation plans? 0 O Postdoctoral fellowship I O Postdoctoral research associateship 2 O Traineeship , 3 O Other study (specify) J 4 O Employment (other than 0, l, 2, 3) 5 0 Military service ~ Item "20 6 O Other (specify)~ . (52) ) 19. If you plan to be on a postdoctoral fellowship, associateship, traineeship or other study What was the most important reason for taking a postdoctoral appointment? (Check only one.) 0 O To obtain additional research experience in my doctoral field 1 O To work with a particular scientist or research group 2 ~ To switch into a different field of research 3 a Could not obtain the desired type of employment position 4 O Other reason (specify) (s ( Go to Item "19" b. What will be the field of your postdoctoral study? d. Please enter number from Specialties List ................. What will be the primary source of research support? 0 O U.S. Government 1 O College or university 2 0 Private foundation 3 O Nonprofit, other than private foundation 4 0 Other (specify) ~ .~. (58) _. Indicate what your primary work activity will be with "l" in appropriate box; secondary work activity (if any) with "2" in appropriate box. 0 0 Research and development 1 O Teaching 2 O Administration 3 0 Professional services to individuals 5 O Other (specify) (5960) c. In what field will you be working? Please enter number from Specialties List (6' 6 Did you consider taking a postdoctoral appointment? Yes No If yes, why did you decide against the postdoctoral? 0 0 No postdoctoral appointment available 1 0 Felt that I would derive little or no benefit from a postdoctoral appointment 2 ~ Had more attractive employment opportunity 3 ~ Other (specify) (64) 6 O Unknown (57) Go to Item '`21" Go to Item "21" 21. What is the name and address of the organization with which you will be associated? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Name of Organization) 22. Please indicate, by circling the highest grade attained, the education of your mother none o your father: none l 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 It 12 1 2 3 4 Elementary school High school College 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Signature ......... A-9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (City, State) (Or Country if not U.S.) (66~71) I MA MD PhD Postdoctoral (72) _ ~ _ . Graduate MA, MD PhD Postdoctoral (73) _ 8 9 (11) ........................................ Date (7~76)

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APPENDIX C Top 25 Institutions by Federal RED Expenditures 1 Johns Hopkins University 2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 3 University of California, San Diego 4 Stanford University 5 University of Washington 6 University of Wisconsin, Madison 7 Columbia University, Main Division 8 Harvard University 9 University of Michigan 10 Cornell University 11 University of 12 University of 13 University of ...._ _ _ 14 University of California, Berkeley 15 Yale University 16 University of California, San Francisco 17 University of Illinois, Urbana 18 University of Chicago 19 University of Southern California 20 University of Texas at Austin 21 University of Colorado 22 Washington University 23 24 25 Pennsylvania California, Los Angeles Mi Nat Pennsylvania State University University of Rochester New York University Second 25 Institutions by Federal RED Expenditures 26 27 28 29 So 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Baylor College of Medicine 41 Case Western Reserve University 42 University of Miami 43 Colorado State University 44 University of Connecticut 45 University of Alaska, Fairbanks 46 University of Hawaii, Manoa 47 University of Alabama, Birmingham 48 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute 49 Oregon State University 50 University of Florida Ohio State University California Institute of Technology Purdue University Duke University University of Arizona University of California, Davis Michigan State University University of Iowa Georgia Institute of Technology Northwestern University Texas A ~ M University University of Utah University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Yeshiva University SOURCE: Survey of Scientific and Engineering Expenditures at Universities and Colleges: Fiscal Year 1980, in Press, National Science Foundation. A-10

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APPENDIX D Number of doctoral scientists and engineers in academe by field, type of position held, and sex, 1981, showing sample sizes (n) and population estimates (wn) Field and All colleges & universities J~: 50 institutions b~v R&D rank Total Women Men Total Women Men All science and engineering fields Total employedn11,1853,7497,4363,1909462,244 wn139,21617,278121,93838,6124,45334,159 Total facultyn9,6252,9516,6742,4465911,855 wn123,66013,471110,18931,3282,75428,574 Professorn4,4278773,5501,2751401,135 wn59,5513,23256,31917,25354316,710 Associaten2,9321,0321,900631197434 wn37,4014,41332,9887,9957837,212 Assistantn2,2661,0421,224540254286 wn26,7085,82620,8826,0801,4284,652 Instructorn20413074311615 wn1,7625341,22833772265 Othern933473460446215231 wn9,4982,1747,3244,3149393,375 Engineering, mathematics, computer sciences, and physical sciences Total employedn4,6681,3993,2691,307327980 wn57,6603,23754,42317,10778716,320 Total facultyn3,9391,0692,870962185777 wn50,5622,40348,15913,71342613,287 Professorn1,7732881,48549631465 wn26,86464726,2178,258768,182 Associaten1,21337084324162179 wn14,90179814,1033,3371383,199 Assistantn95341154222592133 wn8,7979587,8392,1182121,906 Instructorn11068421697 wn7411715701022181 Othern43018724321384129 wn4,2524253,8272,0471881,859 A-11

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APPENDIX D (cont.) Number of doctoral scientists and engineers in academe by field, type of position held, and sex, 1981, showing sample sizes (n) and population estimates (wn) Field and All colleges & universities Top 50 institutions by R&D rank TotalWomenMenTotalWomenMen Life sciences Total employedn3,5961,0292,5671,253372881 wn34,6545,32929,32511,2391,9779,262 Total facultyn3,0557512,304938213725 wn29,9463,71726,2298,5381,0187,520 Professorn1,4902091,28149851447 wn14,08495513,1294,2872364,051 Associaten88826362525075175 wn9,0301,2137,8172,3392762,063 Assistantn67727939819087103 wn6,8321,5495,2831,9125061,406 Instructorn462917954 wn420140280762254 Othern2781391391668581 wn2,4047351,6691,432457975 Behavioral and . , . socla sciences Total employedn2,9211,3211,600630247383 wn46,9028,71238,19010,2661,6898,577 Total facultyn2,6311,1311,500546193353 wn43,1527,35135,8019,0771,3107,767 Professorn1,16438078428158223 wn18,6031,63016,9734,7082314,477 Associaten8313994321406080 wn13,4702,40211,0682,3193691,950 Assistantn6363522841257550 wn11,0793,3197/7602,0507101,340 Instructorn483315624 wn60122337815929130 Othern22514778674621 wn2,8421,0141,828835294541 Excludes medical schools and university-administered national laboratories. See Appendix C for a listing of the top 50 institutions by federal R&D expenditures in FY 1980. SOURCE: Survey of Doctorate Recipients, National Research Council A-12