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REFERENCES Ahern, Nancy C., and Elizabeth L. Scott, Career Outcomes in a Matched Sample of Men and Women Ph.D.s: An Analytical Report, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1981. American Chemical Society, "Women on Chemistry Faculties: Jobs Still Few," reported in Chemical and Engineering News, June 2, 1980, p. 28. American Physical Society, "Summary of 1980-81 Baranger-Eisenstein Survey Report," resorted in Phvsics Today, February 1982, i. 99. Armstrong, Jane M., "A National Assessment of Achievement and Partici- pation of Women in Mathematics: A Report to the National Institute of Education," Education Commission of the States, Denver, Colorado, 1979. Astin, Helen S., 1~l~rn~1 of Counseling Psychology, 1968, pp. 536-540. 15 (6), Bernard, Jessie, Academic Women, 1964, New American Library Edition, . p. 48. Casserly, Patricia Lund, "Helping Able Young Women Take Math and Science Seriously in High School, published by College Board, New York, 1979. Chemical and Engineering News, "Fewer Recent Ph.D.s on Science 1982. Faculties," February 15, Chronicle of Higher Education, "Despite Gains, Women, Minority-Group Members Lag in College Jobs," February 3, 1982. Chronicle of Higher Education, "Fact File, Faculty Tenure Rates 1980-81," September 30, 1981. R-1

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Conable, Charlotte Williams., Women at Cornell: The Myth of Equal Education, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp. 19-25. . Earnest, Ernest, Academic Procession, Chapter 6, "High Seriousness in _ _ _ _ _ _ Bloomers," published by Bobbs Merrill, 1953. Feldman, Saul D., Escape from the Doll's House, Carnegie Commission on . . . Higher Education, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974. Fennema, E. and J. Sherman, "Sex-related differences in mathematics achievement, spatial visualization, and socio-cultural factors," in American Education Research Journal, 1977, 14 (1), pp. 51-71. Ferber, Marianne A. and Betty Kordick, "Sex differentials in the earn- ing.s of Ph.D.s,~'. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 1978, 31 (2):,. pp.. 227-238. Fox, Lynn H.,. "The problem of women in mathematics," Report to the Ford Foundation, 1980. Gould, Stephen Jay, The Mismeasure of Man, New York, 1981, pp. 103-107. Harmon, Lindsey R., A Century of Doctorates, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1978. Harris, Ann S.outherland, "The second sex in Academe," COUP Bulletin, 56 (3), pp. 283-295, 1970. Haven' E. W., "Factors associated with the selection of advanced acade-m~.c~ mathematics courses by girls in high school," Research Bulletin, No. 72, p. 12, Educational Testing Service, T972... Haven, Elizabeth W. and Dwight H. Horch, How College Students Finance Their Education, College Entrance Examination Board, New York, 1972, pi. V. Helson, Ravena, "Women mathematicians and the creative personality," Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 1971, 36 (2), pp. 210-2220. Hi.er, Daniel B., and William F. Crowley, Jr., New England Jourr:aL of Medicine, May 20, 1982, pp. 1202-1205. . Vagary, Jerome r New England Journal of Medicine,. May 20,j T9~,. pp.. 1225-1226. Lockheed, Marlaine, "Sex bias in aptitude: and. achievemer~t tests used in higher education," in The Undergraduate. Woman: Issues in Educational Equity, Pamela J.. Pe.r~ ~ editor r Heath, 1982. R-2

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Maxfield, Betty D., and Susan M. Henn, Science, Engineering, and Humanities Doctorates in the United States: 1981 Profile, , . . National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1982. McGee, M. G., "Human spatial abilities: Psychometric studies and environmental, genetic, hormonal and neurological influences," Psychological Bulletin, 1979, 86 (5), pp. 889-917. National Center of Education Statistics, The Condition of Education, 1979. National Research Council, Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science and Engineering, Women Scientists in Industry and Government: How Much Progress in the 1970s?, National Academy of . . Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1980. National Research Council, Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science and Engineering, Climbing ghe Academic Ladder: Doctoral Women Scientists in Academe, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1979. National Research Council, Committee on a Study of Postdoctorals and Doctoral Research Staff, Postdoctoral Appointments and Disappoint- ments, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1981. National Research Council, The Invisible University, Postdoctoral Education in the United States, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 1969. Olson, 'Keith W., The G.I. Bill, the Veterans, and the Colleges, University Press of Kentucky' Lexington, Ky., 1974, p. 44. On Campus with Women r Project on the Status and Education of Women, Association of American Colleges, Washington, D.C., No. 31, Summer 1981. Perun, Pamela J., The Undergraduate Woman: Issues in Educational Equity t Heath 1982. Perrucci, Carolyn, "Sex-based Professional Socialization Among Graduate Students in Science," National Research Council, Research Issues in the Employment of Women: Proceedings of a Workshop, . . National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. J 1975, pp. 83-123. Shields, Stephanie A., "Functionalism, Darwinism, and the Psychology of Women: A Study in Social Myths," American Psychologist, July 1975, pp. 739-754. Syverson, Peter D., Summary Report 1981: Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities, National Research Council, Nationa Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1982. R-3