. "Appendix D: A Brief Analysis of University Research and Development Efforts Relating to National Security, 1940-1980." Scientific Communication and National Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1982.
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Scientific Communication and National Security
national security and that the participating universities played a central role by adhering firmly to the “four freedoms” of university life. By seeking to avoid unnecessary intrusions, regulations, and secrecy requirements, the national security agencies freed the universities to work in a manner that enabled them to be most productive and creative.