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TABLE 9 Employed Science/Engineering Ph.D.s with Foreign Citizenship in the United States in 1981 by Selected Primary Work Activity and Area of National Interest

Area of Interest

 

Totala

Research and Development

Management

Area Total

Basic Research

Applied Research

Development/Design

Area Total

of R&D

Teaching

Consulting/Professional Services

Total Employedb

N

1,328

675

364

226

85

115

74

375

84

 

H%c

100.0

52.8

24.6

18.7

9.4

10.3

67

25.3

6.3

 

V%c

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Education (Not Teaching)

N

64

17

12

3

2

7

1

30

5

H%

100.0

26.6

24.1

1.7

0.9

18.6

1.0

42.9

7.3

 

V%

4.3

2.2

4.2

0.4

0.4

7.8

0.6

7.3

5.0

Health

N

273

171

126

39

6

23

14

49

19

 

H%

100.0

68.2

50.4

12.5

5.3

7.5

5.3

15.6

5.9

 

V%

16.0

20.7

32.7

10.7

9.0

11.8

12.9

9.8

15.1

Defense

N

29

18

3

10

5

1

1

8

2

 

H%

100.0

58.4

6.9

24.4

27.1

1.3

1.3

36.0

4.3

 

V%

2.9

3.2

0.8

3.8

8.3

0.4

0.6

4.1

2.0

Space

N

33

27

17

7

3

2

2

4

 

H%

100.0

85.7

47.8

21.0

16.9

8.2

8.2

6.1

 

V%

2.8

4.5

5.4

3.1

5.0

2.2

3.4

0.7

Energy or Fuel

N

119

75

22

38

15

6

6

25

10

 

H%

100.0

56.6

11.7

24.0

20.9

6.6

6.6

22.7

12.6

 

V%

12.5

13.4

5.9

16.0

27.7

8.0

12.4

11.2

24.9

NOTE: In view of the lack of a comprehensive sampling frame for foreign-earned doctorates in the United States, few additions of segment seven cases have been made to the sample since the 1973 survey. Therefore, the number of science and engineering Ph.D.s who are foreign citizens may be somewhat underestimated.

aThese figures may represent more than the totals presented in the table.

bIncludes those individuals who were full-time employed, part-time employed, or on postdoctoral appointments.

cH%=Horizontal percentage. V%=Vertical percentage.

SOURCE: 1981 Survey of Doctorate Recipients, National Research Council.



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