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NOTICE: The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology for the general welfare. The terms of its charter require the National Academy of Sciences to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under this corporate charter, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively.

The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy is a joint committee of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. It includes members of the councils of all three bodies.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 82–62183

International Standard Book Number 0-309-03332-2

Available from
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Printed in the United States of America

First Printing, October 1982

Second Printing, October 1982

Third Printing, November 1982

Fourth Printing, April 1983

Fifth Printing, January 1984

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