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References Abel, E. 1984. Technology for improved efficiency and lower costs. Pp. 202-207 in Proceedings of a Symposium on Distr lot Heating and Cooling . Washington, D .C .: National Academy Press . APPA Newsletter . 1984 . Distr lot heating: Alive and well on America's college campuses. Washington, D.C.: Association of Physical Plant Administrators of Universities and Colleges. March. Avers, C. A. 1984 . A United States public utilities perspective on DHC. Pp. 213-214 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Bernsen, E. 1984. Conflict of development of natural gas and district heating systems. Pp. 172-201 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Congressional Research Service (CRS). 1983. Handbook of Alternative Energy Technology Development and Policy. CRS Report Number 83-43 SPR, March 1. Ebert, F . H . 1984 . Distr lot heating in the Federal Republic of Germany today and tomorrow. Pp. 45-75 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. BUS, Inc., and Hittman, Associates. 1980. Dual Energy Use Systems. Palo Alto, Calif.: Electr ic Power Research Institute . July. 151

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152 Furboch, M. 1984. Short summary of the report of the Kernforschungsanlage Juelich. Pp. 170-171 in Proceedings of - Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Gagliardo, M. A. 1984. Waste-to-energy heating: pro ject organization and development. Pp. 247-255 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press . Hanselman, W. 1984 . DHC tear r iers to system development. Pp. 17-29 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. International District Heating Association (IDHA). 1983. Statistical Committee Report of Industry Statistics. Washington, D.C. International Energy Agency (IEA). 1983. District heating and combined heat and power systems. Paris, France: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Karkheck, J., J. Powell, and E. Beardsworth. 1977. Prospects for distr lot heating in the United States. Science 195: 948-95 5. Karnitz, M. A. 1983 . Combined Heat and Power. Par is Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Karnitz, M. A., and G. D. Pine. 1984. Cost of energy from new hot water district heating in U.S. cities. Pp. 119-127 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Kier, Philip, John Teit, William Hanselman, Robert Laube, Charles Meek, and William Wilson e 1981. State and Local Regulation of District Heating and Cooling Systems. Argonne, Ill.: Argonne National Laboratory. Lagerholm, O. 1984. District heating and cooling status report. Pp. 37-44 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Larsson, L., H. Koivisto, and T. Makela. 1984. Finish District Heating. Pp. 96-101 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Latimer, G. 1984. Mayor of St. Paul, Minnesota. Remarks to the National Urban Policy Seminar.

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153 Levine, Elliot P., and Danilo J. Santini. 1981. Environmental considerations of cogeneration-based district heating. In Env ironmental and Economic Considerations in Energy Utilization, Joseph P. Reynolds, William N . McCarthy , Jr ., and Louis Theodore , eds. Ann Arbor, Mich. Michigan Energy and Resource Research Association (MERRA). 1981. D istr lot Heating . Mortensen, H. C. 1984. District heating--the Danish situation in 1984. Pp. 76-85 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1984. Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. North American District Heating and Cooling Institute (NADHCI). Newsletter. 1984. Washington, D.C. Spring. Office of Technology Assessment {OTA). 1982. Energy Efficiency of Buildings in Cities. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Pr inting Office. Oliker, I . 1983. Assessment of European District Heating Technology. Electric Power Research Institute: Palo Alto, California. Oliker, I., and A. Farmer. 1984. Cost of district heating in United States: an overview. Pp. 106-118 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Resource Development Associates (RDA). 1981. Distr ict Heating and Cooling Technology. Argonne, Ill.: Argonne National Laboratory. Resource Development Associates (RDA). 1982. City of Baltimore District Heating Assessment. Dayton, Ohio: Resource Development Associates. Resource Development Associates (RDA). 1983. Distr ict Heating and Cooling 1983 Review. Dayton, Ohio: Resource Development Associates. Santini, D. J. 1981. Distr lot heating via combined heat and power: past and future compar ison of Europe to the U . S.A. In Beyond the Energy Crisis, Vol. 3, Rocco A. Fazzolace and Craig B. Smith, eds. New York: Pergamon Pr ess .

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154 Santini, D. J., and S. S. Bernow. 1979. Feasibility of District heating and cooling of core areas of major northern U.S. cities by cogeneration from central station power plants. Paper presented at Northeastern Regional Science Association meeting, May. Schipper, L. 1983. Residential energy use and conservation in Denmark. Energy Policy, December. Schipper, L. 1984a. Residential energy use in the OECD: The Bottom-Up Approach. Berkeley, Calif.- Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Schipper, L. 1984b. Residential energy use and conservation in Sweden. Energy and Buildings, January. Strnisa, F. V. 1984. Prospective costs of district heating in New York State. Pp. 155-166 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Suding, P. 1984. Erdgas und Fernwaerme: Wettbewerber mit ungleichen Voraussetzongen and Substutitionserfolgen in Waermemarkt [Natural gas and district heating: competitors with unequal conditions and substitution success in the heating market]. In Zehn Jahre nach der Oelkrise, Dieter Schmitt, ed. Munich: Oldenbourg Verlag . Teotia, A., and W. Payer. 1983. Market Penetration of District Heating and Cooling under Alternative Energy Scenarios. Argonne, Ill.: Argonne National Laboratory. March. Teotia, A., et al. 1981. Cogeneration and district heating show promising market potential in residential and commercial sectors. In Proceedings of the 16th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. Atlanta, Gal: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Trojborg, K. D. 1984. The Danish approach to utilities integration, Pp. 215-246 in Proceedings of a Symposium on District Heating and Cooling. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. U.S. Department of Energy. 1983a. Energy Projections to the Year 2010. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Pr inting Office. U.S. Department of Energy. 198 3b. The National Energy Policy Plan. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Department of Energy. 1984. Annual Energy Outlook 1983. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.