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Biograplical Sketcles CHARLES J. ARNTZEN, Director of the Michigan State University (MSU) Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, received bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Minnesota and a Ph.D. degree from Purdue University. He served as a National Science Foundation postdoctoral fellow at the C. F. Kettering Research Lab- oratory. He was appointed to the Departments of Botany and Agronomy at the University of Illinois in Urbana and was Director of the campus- wide Cell Biology Program for two years. He was a research scientist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). In 1980 he assumed his present position, and he also has a faculty appointment in the Bio- chemistry Department at MSU. Dr. Arntzen has received the Charles Albert Shull Award from the American Society of Plant Physiologists and the Superior Service Award from USDA; he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. J. PAUL BURNETT is Director of Molecular and Cell Biology Re- search at Eli Lilly and Company. He holds a Ph.D. in biochemistry from Indiana University and was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard Uni- versity Medical School. His responsibilities at Lilly Research Labora- tories include the application of genetic engineering technology to phar- maceuticals and agricultural products. He has devoted much time to research on viruses that can transform animal cells, and his current interest is in recombinant DNA. 187

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188 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES JAMES G. COLLIN is currently a graduate student working toward a Doctor of Engineering degree at the University of California, Berkeley. He received a B.S.C.E. from Union College in Schenectady, New York, and an M.S. from the George Washington University. Prior to his return to school for his doctorate, Mr. Collin worked for seven years as a foundation engineer for the George Hyman Construction Company. While employed, Mr. Collin held positions as both a design engineer and foundation superintendent and worked on numerous large-scale excavation projects. CHARLES L. COONEY is Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He received his B.S. degree in chemical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania and took S.M. and Ph.D. degrees in biochemical en- gineering from MIT. He has served as a full-time consultant in fermen- tation technology for E. R. Squibb and Sons. He is author of more than 100 papers, coauthor or editor of two books, and acts as consultant to pharmaceutical, chemical, and biotechnological companies, as well as to various government and international organizations. Dr. Cooney serves as chairman of two chemical societies and was the recent recipient of the Food, Pharmaceutical, and Bioengineering Award from the Amer- ican Institute of Chemical Engineers. His current research interests focus on problems of fermentation and enzyme technology and include com- puter control of biological processes, fuels, and chemicals production by fermentation, enzyme production, and scale-up of biotechnology processes. MICHAEL L. DERTOUZOS is Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Director of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology Laboratory for Computer Science. WILLIAM J. HARRIS, JR., is Vice-President, Research and Test De- partment, Association of American Railroads (AAR). He received his B.S.Ch.E. and M.S.E. degrees from Purdue University and his Sc.D. in metallurgy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prior to joining the AAR, Dr. Harris was affiliated with Battelle and earlier with the National Academy of Sciences. He served as Secretary and Staff Director for the Presidential Task Force on Highway Safety in 1969. He has held offices in numerous professional organizations, has served on many councils, commissions, and advisory panels. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 189 BERNARD H. KEAR is Scientific Advisor in Materials Science at Exxon's Corporate Research Center. He holds B.S. and Sc.D. degrees in metallurgy from the University of Birmingham, England. At the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia he studied the effects of long-range ordering on the plastic properties of crystals. At the Pratt & Whitney Division of United Technologies Corporation he investigated the inter- relationships between structure and properties and processing in super- alloys and participated in the development of single-crystal turbine blade technology. Dr. Kear has published approximately 120 technical papers, edited 6 books in the field of metallurgy, and has been awarded 22 patents in design and processing of superalloys. He was awarded the Mathewson Gold Medal of The Metallurgical Society of AIME and the Howe Medal of the American Society for Metals (ASM). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering where he serves as Peer Com- mittee chairman, a fellow of ASM, and is active in other professional organizations. He was the John Dorn Memorial Lecturer and is the 1983 Henry Krumb Memorial Lecturer. He is currently involved in research on rapid solidification and chemical vapor deposition. JAMES D. MEINDL, Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, is Director of Stanford's Center for Integrated Systems. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Carnegie-Mellon Univer- sity. Following military duty with the U.S. Army Electronics Command at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, he became Director of the Integrated Electronics Division there and was concurrently a lecturer on solid-state electronics at Monmouth College. He has received numerous awards for outstanding papers from Institute of Electrical and Electronics En- gineers (IEEE) International Solid-State Circuits Conferences. In 1980 he was the recipient of the IEEE Electron Devices Society's J. J. Ebers Award for outstanding contributions to the field of electron devices. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of other professional and honorary organizations. Dr. Meindl is the author of a book on micropower circuits and more than 250 technical papers. His current research interests focus on very large scale integration and in- tegrated circuit applications in medical electronics. JAMES K. MITCHELL is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. He holds a bachelor of civil engineering degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic In- stitute and master of science and doctor of science degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is the author of more than

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190 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 170 published papers and a graduate-level text and reference, Funda- mentals of Soil Behavior. Dr. Mitchell is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He has received the Norman Medal, the Thomas A. Mid- dlebrooks Award (three times), and the Walter L. Huber Research Prize of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He has also received the Western Electric Fund Award of the American Society for Engineering Education and the Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. His research ac- tivities have included studies of soil mechanics, various methods of soil improvement and reinforcement, physicochemical phenomena in soils, the stress-strain time behavior of soils, lunar soil mechanics, and in situ measurement of soil properties. ROGER S. PORTER is with the Graduate Research Center of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He has B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry from the University of California at Los Angeles and the University of Washington at Seattle, respectively. He was with the Chev- ron Research Company, and at the University of Massachusetts he has held the following positions: Program Chairman of Polymer Science and Engineering, Codirector of the National Science Foundation Materials Research Laboratory, and Special Research Assistant to the University President. He received an award for polyolefin research, the Interna- tional Award in Education, and the International Award in Plastics Science and Engineering from the Society of Plastics Engineers, and for Organic Coatings and Plastics from the American Chemical Society. He also received the Meritorious Service Award from the Plastics Institute of America and the Mettler Award from the North American Thermal Analysis Society. Dr. Porter serves on the Board of Trustees, Gordon Research Conferences, and is currently Chairman. HERBERT SCHORR is Research Vice-President for Systems at the International Business Machines Corporation and is responsible for computer science activities at sites in the United States, in Zurich, Switz- erland, and at the Japan Science Institute. His undergraduate education was at City University of New York, and he holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Princeton University. He has served as an instructor of electrical engineering at Princeton and as an assistant professor at Columbia University. He was a National Science Foundation postdoc- toral fellow at Cambridge University in England. Dr. Schorr joined IBM as a research staff member and has progressed to his present

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 191 position. He is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Association for Computing Machinery. JAN P. SKALNY is Associate Director of Martin Marietta Labora- tories, responsible for research in advanced ceramics technology and occupational health and analytical chemical services. He has published more than 80 technical papers, organized scientific meetings, and con- sulted/lectured around the world. He is a Fellow of the American Ce- ramic Society, a member of editorial boards of several scientific journals, and has participated in National Research Council studies on cement R&D and solidification of radioactive wastes. JOHN E. STEINER has recently retired as Vice-President for Cor- porate Product Development of the Boeing Company. He is currently serving as a consultant to both the industry and the federal government on significant matters involving national aeronautics policy. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Washington and his master of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massa- chusetts Institute of Technology. During his 40 years with Boeing, Mr. Steiner was actively involved in the development of virtually all Boeing airplanes. He was selected as the sole industry participant in the White House aeronautics policy study of 1982. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and is currently a panel member of the Na- tional Research Council's study on The Competitive Status of the U.S. Civil Aviation Manufacturing Industry. He holds the rank of fellow and honorary fellow in numerous foreign aeronautical societies, and serves on many boards and commissions. He has twice been named "Man of the Year" by Aviation Week and has received the Elmer A. Sperry Award, Australia's Sir Charles E. Kingsford-Smith Memorial Medal, the Thulin Medal of Sweden, and the University of Washington's highest alumni honor, the Summa Laude Dignatus designation. ALBERT R. C. WESTWOOD is Corporate Director for Research and Development, Martin Marietta Corporation. He received his B.Sc., Ph.D., and D.Sc. degrees from the University of Birmingham, England. He joined Martin Marietta Laboratories (then RIAS) in 1958, becoming its Director in 1974 and assuming his present position in January 1984. He has published well over 100 technical papers, mostly concerned with environment-sensitive mechanical behavior and, lately, R&D manage- ment, and presented numerous keynote and invited lectures around the world. His scientific contributions have been recognized by a variety of awards and fellowships, including the Beilby Gold Medal (1970) and

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