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APPENDIX ~ Biographical Sketches of Committee Members MEMBERS KEIITI AKI received his B.S. in 1952 and his Ph.D. in geophysics in 1958. Until recently he was a professor of geophysics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; he is now at the University of Southern California, Depart- ment of Geological Sciences. From 1960 to 1962 he was research fellow of seismology, and from 1960 to 1965 he was associate professor of seismology, both at the Earthquake Research Institute at the University of Tokyo. Dr. Aki's research is in geophysical research directed toward predicting, pre- venting, and controlling earthquake hazard, seismic wave propagation; earthquake statistics; and other areas. Dr. Aki is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. DONALD H. BABBITT received a B. S. in engineering from the University of California at Berkeley and has been employee] by the State of California, Department of Water Resources since 1957. Mr. Babbitt's experience in- cludes designing or supervising design of eight dam embankments including 390-foot-high Pyramid Dam ant] 120-foot-high, 11,600-foot-Iong Ferris Dam, both in southern California. Since 1976 he has been in the Division of Safety of Dams, in charge of a section reviewing design of dams and modifi- cations to dams and reevaluating existing dams, primarily for seismic stabil- ity and spillway capacity. DENIS BINDER received his ].D. from the University of San Francisco Law School in 1970. He earned an LL.M. in 1971 and an S.~.D in 1973 from 264

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Appendix II 265 the University of Michigan. He is presently professor of law at Western New England College and has done research and published considerably in the area of environmental law, particularly clam safety. CATALINO B. CECILIO is a senior civil engineer in charge of the hydro- logic engineering group in the Civil Engineering Department of the Pacific Gas ant] Electric Company in San Francisco, California. He holds a B.S. degree in civi] engineering and is registered as a professional engineer in the state of California. His job responsibilities and work experience since 1969 with Pacific Gas and Electric, which owns some 200 dams, has been in the hydraulics and hydrology of dam safety, with principal expertise on design floods up to and including the probable maximum flood and clam-break analysis. His expertise includes floodplain evaluation and the impact on the hydrologic environment of plant construction. He is principal codeveloper of the ANS 2.8 American National Standardsfor Determining Design Basis Flooding at Power Reactor Sites, first issued in 1976 by the American Na- tional Standarc] Institute and revised in 1981. ALLEN T. CHWANG received his Ph.D. in 1971 from the California Insti- tute of Technology and is a registered professional engineer in California. His academic experience includes research associate in engineering science at the California Institute of Technology; associate professor, Institute of Hydrau- lic Research, University of Iowa, and presently, professor, Institute of Hy- draulic Research at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. Some of Dr. Chwang's publications are Hydrodynamic Pressures on Sloping Dams Dur- ing Earthquakes, Part 1, Momentum Method, Hydrodynamic Pressure on an Accelerating Dam and Criteriefor Cavitation, and The Effect of Stratifi- cation on Hydrodynamic Pressures on Dams. MERLIN D. COPEN is presently an international consultant on concrete dams. Mr. Copen is retired head of Concrete Dams Section, Bureau of Reclamation EAR Center, Denver. He received his B.S. (Utah State) and M.S. (Kansas State) in civil engineering. Mr. Copen has a worldwide reputa- tion as a designer of arch dams. He has authored publications on subjects such as earthquake loading for design of thin arch dams. LLEWELLYN L. CROSS is the chief hydrologist for Chas. T. Main, Inc., in charge of all hydrometeorological and related work. He has more than 30 years of experience in hydrologic and hydrometeorological studies and de- signs. Mr. Cross holds a B.S. in civil engineering from Tufts University and is a member of the U.S. Committee on Large Dams and of the USCOLD Committee on Hydraulics of Spillways. At Chas. T. Main, Inc., he is respon-

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266 Appendix H sible for hydrologic studies integral to the determination of spillway design floods, diversion floods, and reservoir yield studies for hydroelectric projects in the United States and abroad. CHARLES H. GARDNER received an M. S. in geology from Emory Univer- sity in 1961. He has studied civil and mining engineering and is a registered professional engineer and a certified professional geologist. He was chief geologist for International Minerals and Chemicals, Florida Phosphate Op- erations, and the chief geologist for Law Engineering Testing Company in Atlanta and Raleigh, which included responsibility for dam design and inspection of projects. Since 1976 he has been chief of the Land Quality Section of the North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and has overall responsibility for the state's programs in dam safety, mining, and sedimentation. Mr. Gardner is responsible for an inspection program cover- ing 3,700 dams and has reviewed more than 400 dam design and repair plans. Mr. Gardner is a member of the U.S. Committee of the International Commission on Large Dams. GEORGE W. HOUSNER received his B.S. degree from the University of Michigan and his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology, where he has served on the staff since 1945. His specialty is in earthquake engineer- ing research, and he is a consultant on earthquake resistant design of major engineering projects. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineer- ing (since 1965) and of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Housner has been a member and chairman of many National Research Council commit- tees studying problems relative to earthquake engineering and has served as president of both the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the International Association for Earthquake Engineering. Dr. Housner is the author of three textbooks and 105 technical papers. LESTER B. LAVE received his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard Univer- sity and has been with Carnegie-Mellon University since 1963. He is pres- ently professor of economics and head of the Department of the Graduate School of Industrial Administration. Dr. Lave has held various consulting positions with the Rand Corp., Resources for the Future, and the Depart- ment of Defense. He has served as a member of several National Research Council committees and is a member of the Institute of Medicine. WALTER R. LYNN received the BSCE degree from Miami (Florida) in 1950, an MSSE from North Carolina in l9S4, and a Ph.D. from Northwest- ern in 1963. He has had broad academic and consulting experience in water resources, sanitary and systems engineering and is currently professor and director of the Program of Science, Technology and Society at Cornell Uni-

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Appendix H versity. He is presently chairman of the Water Science and Technology Board and also past chairman of the National Research Council Committee to Review the Washington Metropolitan Area Water Supply Study. 267 DOUGLAS E. MACLEAN received his B.A. from Stanford University and his Ph.D. in philosophy from Yale University in 1977. Dr. MacLean has delivered many papers and lectures on the subject of risk assessment and decision making since 1979. He was a lecturer at Yale University from 1973 to 1975; lecturer at Livingston College, Rutgers University, from 1975 to 1976; a research associate and then senior research associate from 1977 to present at the Center for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Mary- land. He received an award in 1980 from the National Science Foundation for his research on "Risk and Consent." OTTO W. NUTTLI received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. (1953) degrees in geophysics from Saint Louis University. He has since held various positions at that university. He is presently professor of geophysics in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Department. He is expert in earthquake seismicity, particularly in eastern North America. JOHN T. RIEDEL attended the College of Idaho, Santa Ana Junior Col- lege, and the University of California, graduating with a B.S. in meteorol- ogy in 1947. He served as a weather officer in the Army Air Corps, and then began workingin the Hydrologic Services Division, U.S. Weather Bureau, in 1947. He continued in this office until retirement in 1980. His career empha- sis in the Weather Service was with extreme meteorological criteria impor- tant to planning and designing water control structures. GURMUKH S. SARKARIA received a BSCE from Punjab University, India (1945), an MCE from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute (1947), and an M.S. from Harvard (1948~. He was with Bureau of Reclamation for 4 years and the Bhakra Dam, India, design group for 4 years. With International Engi- neering Company since 1956, he has served as vice president for engineering (6 years) and as general coordinator of the 12,600-megawatt Itaipu Project (6 years) and is now senior vice president and internal consultant. He has published more than 40 articles on dams and hydroprojects. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. H. BOLTON SEED received his B.Sc. and Ph.D. at London University; he was awarded an S.M. at Harvard. Since 1950 he has been on the staff of the University of California at Berkeley; he is now professor of civil engineering. He has been a member of teaching staffs at London University and Harvard University. He also serves as a consultant to numerous major engineering

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268 Appendix H companies and government agencies. He is the author of more than 180 papers and has been the recipient of 12 awards by the American Society of Civil Engineers for research contributions. He has been a member of the National Academy of Engineering since 1970. ROBERT L. SMITH holds BSCE- and MS (hydraulics) degrees from the University of Iowa. He has held several important positions as a consultant to various levels of government and in academia. He currently is Dean Ackers Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Kansas. He is expert in applying civil engineering to water resources problems, especially flood management and is also considered expert in hydrology and hydraulic engi- neering. Mr. Smith is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, and the Water Sci- ence and Technology Board. JERY R. STEDINGER received his Ph.D. in engineering from Harvard University in 1977. At Harvard he was a member of the Environmental Systems Program. Since 1977, he has been at Cornell University, where he is associate professor. His research includes multireservoir systems analysis, groundwater management, and many topics in stochastic hydrology. Dur- ing 1983-1984 he was on sabbatical leave with the USGS Water Resources Division in Reston, Virginia, working on special problems in statistical hy- drology. He was recently selected by the National Science Foundation as one of 200 Presidential Young Investigators. TECHNICAL CONSULTANT HOMER B. WILLIS is a consulting engineer in private practice. He holds a B.S. degree in civil engineeringirom Ohio University. In more than 38 years as an employee of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, he was involved in many aspects of engineering for dams. In his last assignment with the Corps (1973-1979) he directed the technical engineering activities for the Civil Works Program for the development of water resources, including the na- tionwide program for inspection of nonfederal clams.