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Biographical Sketches WILLIAM J. ABERNATHY has been a professor of business administration at the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration since 1972. Before joining Harvard he taught at Stanford University and at the University of California at Los Angeles. Dr. Abernathy holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Tennessee and an M.B.A. and D.B.A. from Harvard University. ALAN A. ALTSHULER is a professor in and the chairman of the Political Science Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He received a B.A. from Cornell University in 1957 and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1959 and 1961, respectively. Dr. Altshuler has taught at several institutions, including Swarthmore College and Cornell University, and has served as the chairman of the Governor of Massachusetts' Task Force on Transportation. He is a member of the National Academy of Public Administration and the American Political Science Association and is the author of several books. J. AMES K. BAKKE N has been Vice-President, Operations Support Staff, at the Ford Motor Company since 1979. Before assuming that position he was Vice-President, Body and Assembly Operations, at Ford. Mr. Bakken holds a degree in engineering from the University of Wisconsin and an M.B.A. in industrial management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has held numerous positions at Ford, having begun his career there as a student engineer in 1945. KIM B. CLARK is an assistant professor at the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration. He holds an A.B., an A.M., and a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. Before joining the Harvard faculty, Dr. Clark worked as an economist in the Office 201
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202 of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor. He is the author of numerous papers and has served as a member of The Brookings Institute's Panel on Economic Activity. DONALD F. EPHLI N is Vice-President and Director of the N ational Ford Department of the United Auto Workers (UA W). Before assuming that position, he served as the director of the UAW's Region 9A and as administrative assistant to the then UAW President, Leonard Woodcock. Mr. Ephlin began his career with General Motors and has spent most of his career with the UAW, having served as president of one of its locals from 1949 to 1960. DONALD A. HURTER is the manager of Arthur D. Little's Automotive Technology Unit. Prior to joining Arthur D. Little, Mr. Hurter served in a managerial capacity with several firms, including six years as Vice-President, General Manager, of the Aircraft Division of Standard Thomson Corporation. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his M.S. in engineering from Yale in thermodynamics and internal combustion engines. He is a mem- ber of the Society of Automotive Engineers and is a registered professional engineer in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. TREVOR O. JONES, Vice-President and General Manager, Transportation and Electrical and Electronics Operations, TRW, Inc., is responsible for all engineering activities within that organization. Prior to joining TRW in June 1978, Mr. Jones spent 19 years with General Motors (GM). His most recent position was as Director of GM's Proving Grounds, which he assumed in 1974. Mr. Jones served on the National Motor Vehicle Safety Advisory Council, up.. Secretary ot ~ ransportat~on, in 1971 and was appointed Vice-Chairman of the council in 1972. In 1975, Presi- dent Ford appointed him to a three-year term on the National Highway Safety Advisory Committee. He received the U.S. Denartment of Transportation's Safety Award for Engineering Excellence in 1978. He is a fellow of the British Institute of Electrical Engineers and received its Hooper Memorial Prize in 1950. He is also a fellow of the American Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Mr. Jones holds many patents and is the author of many papers on the subjects of automotive safety and electronics. —Hi. .__: 1 T T C C ~ ~ ~ ~ - H ELK N R. KAH N is the Washington Bureau Chief for Automotive News. She holds a B.A. degree, magna cum laude,
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203 f rom Bridgewater College and an M.A. from Vanderbilt Univer- sity. From 1944 to 1947 she worked for Pathfinder Magazine and for the U.S. Army Intelligence doing crytoanalysis for the Bureau of National Affairs. She has taught in the English Department of the University of Maryland and has been a free-lance writer of magazine articles and ghost writer for books. DUANE F. MILLER is Vice-President, Engineering, at Volks- wagen (VW) of America, Inc. His entire professional career prior to joining V W in 1977 was at the Pontiac Motor Division of General Motors. Mr. Miller holds a B.S.M.E. from the University of Nebraska and an M.B.A. from Michigan State University. He is a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the Engineer- ing Society of Detroit, and Rotary International. RALPH L. MILLER is Vice-President of Market Development and Strategic Planning for the Light Vehicles Group at Rockwell International. Prior to assuming that position, lDr. Miller was the Director of Manufacturing Facilities Planning, Worldwide Product Planning, at General Motors. He has a B.A. degree from Amherst College and a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology. Dr. Miller has taught at the University of Detroit and was marketing manager for Adam Opel in Germany. RICHARD H. SHACKSON is the President of Shackson Associates, Inc. Prior to founding his own business, Mr. Shackson was Assistant Director of Transportation Programs at the Energy Productivity Center, Carnegie-Mellon Institute of Research, and the Director of Environmental Research at the Ford Motor Com- pany. He holds a B.S.E.E. from the Case Institute of Technology and has served on the National Academy of Sciences' Transporta- tion Research Board, Office of Technology Assessment Advisory Panels, and has served as President of the Transportation Research Forum. P. ETER D. ZAGLIO is Vice-President, Securities Division, Lehman Brothers Kuhn Loeb. His professional analytical career, which has included employment at Smith Barney; Harris Upham; and Loeb Rhoads, Hornblower, has been focused on the automo- tive industry. He holds a B.A. in economics from Cornell University and an M.B.A. in finance from the Wharton Graduate School.
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The Committee on Technology and International Economic and Trade Issues (National Academy of Engineering-National Research Council) has conducted a series of seven industry-specific studies. Each study provides a brief history of the industry, assesses the dynamic changes that have been occurring or are anticipated, and offers a series of policy options and scenarios to describe alternative futures of the industry. THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03396-9; 1983, 102 pages, 6 x 9, paperbound, $8.95 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. AUTO INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03289-X; 1982, 203 pages, 6 x 9, paperbound, $13.95 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. MACHINE TOOL INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03394-2; 1983, 78 pages, 6 x 9, paperbound, $5.95 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. FIBERS, TEXTILES, AND APPAREL COMPLEX, ISBN 0-309-03395-0; 1983, 90 pages, 6 x 9, paperbound, $7.95 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03397-7; approx. 110 pages, $8.95 (prepublication price), available early 1984 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. FERROUS METALS INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03398-5; approx. 135 pages, $9.95 (prepublication price), available Spring 1984 THE COMPETITIVE STATUS OF THE U.S. CIVIL AVIATION MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY, ISBN 0-309-03399-3; approx. 1 2 0 pages, $9.25 (prepublication price), available Spring 1984 Also of interest... International Competition in Advanced Technology: Decisions for America ". . .shouldheIp mobilize Government support for the nation's slipping technological and international trade position.... Leonard Sik, the New York Times. A blue-ribbon panel created by the National Academy of Sciences takes a critical look at the state of U.S. leadership in technological innovation and trade. ISBN 0-309-03379-9, 1983, 69 pages, $9.50 Technology, Trade, and the U.S. Economy, ISBN 0-309-02761-6, 1978, 169 pages, $9.75 Quantity discounts are available; please inquire for prices. All orders and inquiries should be addressed to: Sales Department National Academy Press 2 10 1 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 204 18
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Representative terms from entire chapter: