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APPENDIX B Abbreviated Terms AOSS Airborne Oil Surveillance System (USCG) API American Petroleum Institute ASTM American Society of Testing Materials ATP adenosine triphosphate BaP Benzota~pyrene bbl barrels bbl/d barrels per day BLM Bureau of Land Management 14C radioactive carbon CBT clean ballast tanks COW crude oil washing DCMU 3-~3,4-dichlorophyll) 1,1-dimethyl urea DNA deoxyribonucleic acid EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAME fatty acid methyl esters GC gas chromatography GC/MS gas chromatography/mass spectrometry g/d, g/cap/d grams per day, grams per capita per day g, kg, me, fig, ng gram, kilogram, milligram, microgram, nanogram gt gross tonnage ha hectare (10,000 m2) HMWH high-molecular-weight hydrocarbons HP horse power HPLC high pressure liquid chromatography ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Seas IFP French Institute of Petroleum (Institut Francais du Petrol) IGOSS Integrated Global Ocean Station Systems IMO International Maritime Organization INTERTANKO International Association of Independent Tanker Owners IOC/WMO IR International Oceanographic Commission/World Meteorological Organization infrared 583
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584 ITOPF International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd . JASIN Joint Air/Sea Interaction project L , mL , pL , nL li ter , mill iliter, microli ter, nanoliter LC liquid chromatography LC50 median lethal concentration LM9tH low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons LOT load-on-top m, km, mm, Am meter, kilometer, millimeter, micrometer (micron) MARPOL 73/78 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modif fed by the protocol of 1978 relating thereto MERL Mar ine Ecosystems Research Laboratory (University of Rhode I stand ~ MESA Mar ine Ecosystems Analysis pro ject MEN microsomal cytochrome P450 mixed-function oxidase mg/L milligrams per liter MO monooxygenases MPN most probable number mt million metric* tons mta million metric* tons per annum NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NBS National Bureau of Standards NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPC National Petroleum Council NSO nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen components OCS outer continental shelf OILPOL 54/69 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil 1954, as amended in 1969 O:N ratio the ratio of oxygen consumed to nitrogen excreted PAN polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons PDB Peedee Belemnite, geological formation from which rock reference standard for C stable isotope was obtained PHC petroleum hydrocarbons PAM petroleum transforming microorganisms RNA r ibonucleic acid SBT segregated ballast tanks SCCWRP Southern California Coastal Water Research Project SCEP Study of Critical Environmental Problems SGO s ilica-gel-oil medium SLAR Side-Look ing Airborne Radar SRM standard reference mixture TC total cargo carrying capacity THC total hydrocarbons Urn! unresolved complex mixture USCG United States Coast Guard USGS On ited States Geological Survey
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585 UV, W/F VLCC VLH WHOI WSF ultraviolet, ultraviolet fluorescence very large crude carr iers volatile liquid hydrocarbons Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution water-soluble fraction *Metr ic understood when abbreviated.