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OCR for page 372
Appendix C International Microbiological Speci~cations~ TABLE C-l FAD/WHO Expert Consultation on Microbiological Specifications for Foods: Egg Products Product Test n c m M . . Dried and frozen Mesophilic aerobic bacteria 5 2 Sx 104 lo6 whole egg Coliform 5 2 10 103 Salmonella 10 0 0 Other egg products Salmonella 10 0 0 Any egg product intended for special dietary Salmonella 30 0 0 purposes SOURCE: CAC/RCP 15, 1976. See Chapter 6, page 134 for explanation of letter symbols. 372

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APPENDIX C TABLE C-2 FAD/WHO Expert Consultation on Microbiological Specifications for Foods: Foods for Infants and Children Product Test Case n c m M Dried biscuit plain None coated Coliform 5 5 2 <3 20 Salmonella 11 10 0 0 Dried instant Mesophilic 6 5 2 103 104 products aerobic bacteria Coliform 6 5 1 <3 20 Salmonella 12 60 0 0 Dried products Mesophilic 4 5 3 104 105 requiring aerobic bacteria heating before Coliform 4 5 2 10 102 consumption Salmonella 10 5 0 0 SOURCE: CAC/RCP 21, 1979. TABLE C-3 FAD/WHO Expert Consultation on Microbiological Specifications for Foods: Precooked Frozen Shrimp and Prawns Test n c m Mesophilic aerobic bacteria 5 2 105 106 Staphylococcus aureus 5 2 5 X 102 s X 103 Salmonella 5 0 0 SOURCE: CAC/RCP 17, 1978. TABLE C-4 FAD/WHO Expert Consultation on Microbiological Specifications for Foods: Ice Mixes . Test n c m M Mesophilic aerobic 5 2 2.5x 104 105 bacteria Coliform 5 2 10 102 Salmonella 10 0 0 SOURCE: Report of 2nd Joint FAD/WHO Expert Consultation, 1977. 373

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374 APPENDIX C TABLE C-5 FAD/WHO Expert Consultation on Microbiological Specifications for Foods: Edible Ices Test n c m M 2 Mesophilic aerobic bacteria Coliform Salmonella sX104 2.5x105 _ 2 lo2 103 10 0 0 SOURCE: Report of 2nd Joint FAD/WHO Expert Consultation, 1977. TABLE C-6 International Dairy Federation Proposed Microbiological Specifications for Dried Milk, 1982 Test n c m M Mesophilic count 5 2 5 x 104 2 x 105 Coliforms 5 1 10 100 Salmonella 15 0 0 SOURCE: IDF: D-Doc 90, 1982. TABLE C-? European Economic Community Standards for Caseins and Caseinates Organism(s) M (Maximum Allowable Concentration) Total bacterial count Thermophilic organisms Coliforms 30,000/g S,000/g 0(in 0. la) SOURCE: Regulation (EEC) No. 2940/73, O.J. No. L301/25. TABLE C-X European Economic Community Standards for Natural Mineral Waters M (Maximum Allowable Concentration) 20/ml at 37C 100/ml at 22C absent Organism(s) Total count Parasites and pathogenic . . mlcroorgamsms E. coli, coliforms and fecal streptococci Sulphite-reducing anaerobes Pseudomonas aeruginosa absent in 250 ml absent in 50 ml absent in 250 ml SOURCE: Council Directive 15 July 1980 (BO/7/7/EEC), O.J. No. L229/ 1.

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APPENDIX C TABLE C-9 European Economic Community Standard for Water for Human Consumption 375 Organism(s) m (Guide Level) M (Maximum Allowable Concentration) Total count (tap water) Total count (bottled water) Total coliforms Fecal coliforms Fecal streptococci Sulphite-reducing clostridia All pathogenic bacteria, viruses, algae, parasites SOURCE: Council Directive 15 July 1980 (80/778/EEC), O.J. No. L229/ll. 10/ml at 37C 100/ml at 22C 5/ml at 37C 20 20/ml at 22C 100 absent MPN ~1 MEN ~ 1 TABLE C-10 Microbiological Guidelines of Codex Standard for Natural Mineral Waters Organism(s) M (Maximum Allowable Concentration) Aerobic mesophilic count at source Aerobic mesophilic count after bottling Coliforms (including E. coli)a Fecal streptococci (Lancefield Group D)a Sporulated sulphite- reducing anaerobesa Pseudomonas aeruginosa, parasites and pathogenic microorganismsa - aApplies both at source and during marketing. SOURCE: Appendix 1 CX/FH 79/4 ADD.1, 1979. 20/ml at 21C (72 furs) 5/ml at 37C (24 furs) 100/ml at 20-22C (72 furs) 20/ml at 37C (24 furs) none in 250 ml (30-32C and 44C) none in 250 ml none in 50 ml none in 250 ml

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376 TABLE C-~l Proposed Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality Value (number per 100 ml) Remarks APPENDIX C Parameter/Organism I. Microbiological Quality Piped water supplies Treated water entering the distribution system Fecal coliforms Coliform organisms 0 Untreated water entering the distribution system Fecal coliforms Coliform organisms o o o Coliform organisms ~ Turbidity ~ 1 NTU; for disinfection with chlorine, pH preferably < 8.0, free chlorine residual 0.2-0.5 mat 1 following 30 minutes (minimum) contact. In 98% of samples examined through- out the year for large supplies with sufficient samples examined. In occasional sample but not in con- secutive samples. Water in the distribution system Fecal coliforms 0 Coliform organisms 0 In 95% of samples examined through out the year for large supplies with sufficient samples examined. Coliform organisms 3 In occasional sample but not in con secutive samples. Unpiped water supplies Fecal coliforms 0 Coliform organisms 10 Not occurring repeatedly. Repeated occurrence and failure to improve sanitary protection, alternate source to be found if possible. Bottled drinking-water Fecal coliforms 0 Coliform organisms 0 Emergency water supplies Fecal coliforms o Coliform organisms 0 Enterovirus II. Biological Quality Protozoa (pathogenic) Helminths (pathogenic) Free-living organisms (algae, others) Advise public to boil water in case of failure to meet guideline values. No guideline value set. No guideline value set. No guideline value set. No guideline value set. SOURCE: EEP/82.39 (adapted).