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References Anonymous. 1977. Report of the American Institute of Nutrition Ad Hoc Committee on Standards for Nutritional Studies. J. Nutr. 107: 1340-1348. Anonymous. 1982. Roper poll shows high public awareness of NAS diet- cancer report. Food Chem. News 24~27) :14. Barbolt, T. A., and R. Abraham. 1978. The effect of bran on dimethyl- hydrazine-induced colon carcinogenesis in the rat. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 157: 656-659. Beal, V. A. 1967. The nutritional history in longitudinal research. J. An. Diet . Assoc . 51: 426-432. Boutwell, R. K. 1977. The role of the induction of ornithine decar- boxylase in tumor promotion. Pp. 773-783 in H. H. Hiatt, J. D. Watson, and J. A. Winsten, eds. Origins of Human Cancer, Book B: Mechanisms of Carcinogenesi s. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Bowering, J., A. M. Sanchez, and M. I. Irwin. 1976. A conspectus of research on iron requirements of man. J. Nutr. 106: 985-1074. Brightwell, D. R., and C. L. Sloan. 1977. Long-term results of behav- ior therapy for obesity. Behav. Ther. 8: 898-905. Bruce, W. R., A. J. Varghese, R. Furrer, and P. C. Land. 1977. A mutagen in the feces of normal humans. Pp. 1641-1646 in H. H. Hiatt, J. D. Watson, and J. A. Winsten, eds. Origins of Human Cancer, Book C: Human Risk Assessment. Cold Spring Harbor Labo ratory, Co Id S pri ng Harbor, ~ .Y . Brun, J. K., ed . 1980. Nutrition Education Research : Directions for the Future. Conference Proceedings. National Dairy Council, Rosemont, Ill. 77 pp. Burke, B. S., R. B. Reed, A. S. van den Berg, and H. C. Stuart. 1959. Caloric and protein intakes of children between 1 and 18 years of age. Pediatric s 24: 922-940. Cohen, C. I., and E. J. Cohen. 1978. Health education: Panacea, pernicious or pointless? N. Engl. J. Med. 299: 718-720. Davis, C. M. 1928. Self selection of diet by newly weaned infants. An experimental study . ~ . J. Di s. Child . 36: 651-67 9. Davis, C. M. 1934. Studies in the self-selection of diet by young children. J. Am . Dent . Assoc . 21: 636-640. 58

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References 59 Davis, C. M. 1939. Results of the self-selection of diets by young children. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 41: 257-261. Dwyer, J., ed. 1980. National Conference on Nutrition Education: Directions for the 1980s. J. Nutr. Educ. 12:79-137. Enelow, A. J., and J. B. Henderson, eds. 1975. Applying Behavioral Science to Cardiovascular Risk: Proceedings of a Conference. American Heart Association, New York. 215 pp. Farquhar, J. W., N. Maccoby, P. D. Wood, J. K. Alexander, H. Breitrose, B. W. Brown, Jr., W. L. Haskell, A. L. McAlister, A. J. Meyer, J. D. Nash, and M. P. Stern. 1977. Community education for cardiovascu- lar health. Lancet 1:1192-1195. Fortmann, S. P., P. T. Williams, S. B. Hulley, W. L. Haskell, and J. W. Farquhar. 1981. Effect of health education on dietary behavior: The Stanford Three Community Study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34:2030- 2038. Freeman, H. J., G. A. Spiller, and Y. S. Kim. 1978. A double-blind study on the effect of purified cellulose dietary fiber on 1,2- dimethylhydrazine-induced rat colonic neoplasia. Cancer Res. 38: 2912-2917. Glauert, H. P., M. R. Bennink, and C. H. Sander. 1981. Enhancement of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colon carcinogenesis in mice by dietary agar. Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 19:281-286. Heddle, J. A., D. H. Blakey, A. M. V. Duncan, M. T. Goldberg, H. Newmark, M. J. Wargovich, and W. R. Bruce. 1982. Micronuclei and related nuclear anomalies as a short-term assay for colon car- cinogens. Pp. 367-375 in B. A. Bridges, B. E. Butterworth, and I. B. Weinstein, eds. Indicators of Genotoxic Exposure. Banbury Report 13. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Heiniger, H. J. 1981. Cholesterol and its biosynthesis in normal and malignant lymphocytes. Cancer Res. 41:3792-3794. Hirai, N., D. G. I. Kingston, R. L. Van Tassell, and T. D. Wilkins. 1982. Structure elucidation of a potent mutagen from human feces. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104:6149-6150. Hoehn, S. K., and K. K. Carroll. 1979. Effects of dietary carbohy- drate on the incidence of mammary tumors induced in rats by 7,12- dimethylbenz(~)anthracene. Nutr. Cancer 1~3~:27-30. Ip, C., and D. K. Sinha. 1981. Enhancement of mammary tumorigenesis by dietary selenium deficiency in rats with a high polyunsaturated fat intake. Cancer Res. 41:31-34.

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60 DIET, NUTRITION, AND CANCER: DIRECTIONS FOR RESEARCH Jain, M., G. M. Cook, F. G. Davis, M. G. Grace, G. R. Howe, and A. B. Miller. 1980. A case-control study of diet and colo-rectal cancer. Int . J. Cancer 26: 757-768. Jones, J. L., and J. Weiner. 1981. Health-related f God choices. Fax. Econ. Rev. Summer 1981, pp. 16-19. Ka Sal , H., K . Kumeno , Z . Ya~nai zumi , S . Ni shimura , M. Nagao , Y . Fu j ita , T. Sugimura, H. Nukaya, and T. Kosuge. 1982. Mutagenicity of methylglyoxal in coffee. Gann 73:681-683. Kasl, S. V. 1980. Cardiovascular risk reduction in a community set- ting: Some comments. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 48 :143-149. Kolasa, K. M. 1981. Nutrition education and changing behavior. Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. 67:415-422. Lavik, P. S., and C. A. Baumann. 1943. Further studies on the tumor- promoting action of fat . Cancer Res. 3: 749-756. Levander, 0. A., and L. Cheng, eds. 1980. Micronutrient interactions: Vitamins, mineral s, and hazardous element s. Ann. N.Y . Acad . Sci . 355 :1-372. Leventhal, H., M. A. Safer, P. D. Cleary, and M. Gutmann. 1980. Car- diovascular r1 sk modification by community-based programs for life- style change: Comments on the Stanford study. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 48: 150-158. Lipkin, M. 1977. Growth kinetics of normal and premalignant gas- trointestinal epithelium. Pp. 569-589 in B. Drewinko and R. M. Humphrey, eds. Growth Kinetics and Biochemical Regulation of Nonnal and Malignant Cells. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Md . Loui s Ha rri s and As sociate s, Inc . 19 78. Health Maintenance . Availa- ble from Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, Newport Beach, Calif . Louis Harris and Associates, Inc. 1979. The Perrier Study: Fitness in America. Great Waters of France, Inc., New York. laccoby, N., J. W. Farquhar, P. D. Wood, and J. Alexander. 1977. Re- ducing the risk of cardiovascular disease: Effects of a community- based campaign on knowledge and behavior. J. Community Health 3: 100-114. Mark Clement s Research, Inc. 1980. Highlights from a Study of Trends in Nutrition. The Benchmark Survey. February, 1980. Conducted f or Self Magazine. Available from Self Magazine, New York.

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References 61 McCay, C. M., G. Sperling, and L. L. Barnes. 1943. Growth, ageing, chronic diseases, and life span in rats. Arch. Biochem. 2:469- 479. Meyer, A. J., J. D. Nash, A. L. McAlister, N. Maccoby, and J. W. Farquhar. 1980a. Skills training in a cardiovascular health edu- cation campaign. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 48:129-142. Meyer, A. J., N. Maccoby, and J. W. Farquhar. 1980b. Reply to Kasl and Leventhal et al. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 48:159-163. Monsen, E. R., L. Hallberg, M. Layrisse, D. M. Hegsted, J. D. Cook, W. Mertz, and C. A. Finch. 1978. Estimation of available dietary iron. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 31:134-141. Moore, J. V., L. L. Prestridge, and G. R. Newell. 1982. Research technique for epidemiologic investigation of nutrition and cancer. Nutr. Cancer 3:249-256. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial Research Group. 1982. Multi- ple risk factor intervention trial. Risk factor changes and mor- tality results. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 248 :1465-1477. National Research Council. 1980a. Recommended Dietary Allowances. Ninth Revised Edition. Committee on Dietary Allowances, Food and Nutrition Board, Division of Biological Sciences, Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. 185 pp. National Research Council. 1980b. Toward Healthful Diets. Food and Nutrition Board, Division of Biological Sciences, Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. 24 pp. National Research Council. 1982. Diet, Nutrition, and Cancer. Com- mittee on Diet, Nutrition, and Cancer, Assembly of Life Sciences, National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 496 pp. National Research Council. 1983. Identifying and Estimating the Genetic Impact of Chemical Mutagens. Report of the Committee on Chemical Environmental Mutagens, Board on Toxicology and Environ- mental Health Hazards, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research CounciL National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 295 pp. Newberry, C. L. , and G. D. Christian. 1965. Rapid calorimetric deter- mination of microgram amounts of selenium in soils and biological samples, using millipore filters. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 48: 322-326.

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62 DIET, NUTRITION, AND CANCER: DIRECTIONS FOR RESEARCH Newrnark, H. L., and W. J. Mergens. 1981. Blocking nitrosamine forma- tior~ using ascorbic acid and oc-tocopherol. Pp. 285-298 in W. R. Bruce, P. Correa, M. Lipkin, S . R. Tannenba~, and T. D. Wilkins, eds. Gastrointestinal Cancer: Endogenous Factors. Banbury Report 7. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. 0.hshima, H., J.-C. Bereziat, and H. Bartsch. 1982. Monitoring N- nitrosamino acids excreted in the urine and feces of rats as an index for endogenous nitrosation. Carcinogenesis 3 :115-120. Olson, C. M., and A. H. Gillespie, eds. 1981. Proceedings of the Work- shop on Nutrition Education Research: Applying Principles from the Behavioral Science s. J. Nutr. Educ . 13 :Sl-S118. Pitot, H. C., T. Goldsworthy, H. A. Campbell, and A. Poland. 1980. Quantitative evaluation of the promotion by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachloro- dibenzo-p-dioxin of hepatocarcinogenesis from diethylnitrosamine. Cancer Re s. 40: 3616-3620. Potter, V. R. 1981. A new protocol and its rationale for the study of initiation and promotion of Carcinogenesis in rat liver. Carcino- genesis 2:1375-1379. Ringen, K. 1983. Norway's nutrition and food policy: Overview, results and future directions. Pp. 163-181 in D. S. McLaren, ed. Nutrition in the Community: A Critical Look at Nutrition Policy, Planning, and Programmes. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York and London. Ross, M. H., and G. Bras. 1973. Influence of protein under- and over- nutritio n o n spontaneous tumor prevalence i n the rat . J. Nut r. 103: 944-9 63. Rowland, M., and J. Robert s. 1982. Blood pressure levels and hyperten- sion in persons age s 6-74: United State s , 197 6-80. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics 84:1-11. U.S. Public Health Ser- vice, Hyattsville, Md. Royal No rweg ia n Hi ni stry o f Ag r iculture . 19 7 5. On No rwegian Fo ad a nd Nutrition Policy. Report No. 32 (1975-76) to the Starting, Decem- ber, 1975. Royal Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture, Oslo. 80 pp. Schacter, S. 1982. Recidiv~ so and self-cure of smoking and obesity. An. Psychol. 37:436-444. Schucker, R. E., R. C. Stokes, M. L. Stewart, and D. P. Henderson. 1982. impact of the Saccharin Warning Label on Sales of Diet Soft Drinks in Supermarkets. Food and Drug Administration, Washington, D.C. [27~ pp.

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64 DIET, NUTRITION, AND CANCER: DIRECTIONS FOR RESEARCH U.S. Congress. 1958. Food Additives Amendment of 1958, Public Law 85-929, September 6, 1958. 85th Congress, 72 Stat. 1784-1789, Washington, D. C. U. S . Congress. 1977. Saccharin Study and Labelling Act, Public Law 95-203, November 23, 1977. 95th Congress, 91 Stat. 1451-1454, Wa shington, ~ . C . U. S. Department of Agriculture. 1975. Nutritive Value of American Food s in Common Unit s. Agriculture Handbook No . 456. Agricultural Re search Service, U.S . Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 291 pp. U. S. Department of Agriculture and U. S . Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 1980. Nutrition and Your Health. Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Home and Garden Bulletin No. 232. U.S. Department of Agriculture and U. S . Department of Health, Education, and Wel- fare, Washington, D.C. 20 pp. U. S . Food and Drug Administration. 1982a . D&C Green No. 6; Li sting as a color additive in externally applied drugs and cosmetics. Fed. Regi st . 4 7: 14138-1414 7. U. S. Food and Drug Administration. 1982b. Policy for regulating car- cinogeni c chemical s in f ood and color additive s; Advance notice of proposed rulemaking. Fed. Regist. 47 :14464-14470. Valadian, I., C. Berkey, and R. B. Reed. 1981. Adolescent nutrition as it relates to cardiovascular disease and reproductive capacity later in life. Nutr. Rev. 39 :107-111. Ver~a, A. K., C. L. Ashendel, and R. K. Boutwell. 1980. Inhibition by prostaglandin synthesi s inhibitors of the induction of epidermal ornithine decarboxylase activity, the accumulation of prostaglan- dins, and tumor promotion caused by 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate. Cancer Res. 40:308-315. Walker, W. J. 1977. Editorial: Changing United States life-style and declining vascular mortality: Cause or coincidence? N. Engl. J. Med. 297 :163-165. Wattenberg, L. W. 1981. Inhibitors of chemical carcinogens. Pp. 517- 539 in J. H. Burchenal and H. F. Oettgen, ed s. Cancer: Achieve- ments, Challenges, and Prospects for the 1980's, Volume 1. Grune and Stratton, New York, London, Sydney, and San Francisco. Wattenberg, L. W. 1983. Inhibitors of neoplasia by minor dietary constituent s. Cancer Re s. 43: 2448s-2453s. Wing, R. R., and R. W. Jeffery. 1979. Outpatient treatments of obe- sity: A comparison of methodology and clinical result s. Int . J. Obes. 3: 261-279.

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