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Biographies of the Panel Members HOWARD W. JOHNSON, Chairman, is Chairman of the Corpo- ration of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. An economist and an authority in management science, Mr. Johnson joined the faculty of MIT in 1955 and was appointed Dean of the Sloan School of Management in 1959. He became President of MIT in 1966 and served in that capacity until 1971, when he was appointed to his current position. Mr. Johnson serves as Director of several major companies and as Director or Trustee of several not-for-profit organizations. HARVEY BROOKS iS Benjamin Peirce Professor of Technology and Public Policy at Harvard University. Dr. Brooks, an educator and physicist, was formerly Dean of Engineering and Applied Physics at Harvard. From 1959 to 1964, he was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Brooks is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering and a senior member of the Institute of Medicine. ROBERT A. CHARPIE is President of the Cabot Corporation. Before joining Cabot in 1969, Dr. Charpie was President of the Bell & Howell Company, Chicago. From 1961 to 1968, he served in numerous management positions with the Union Carbide Corporation. Dr. Charpie is a physicist and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. RICHARD N. COOPER is Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics at Harvard University. From 1961 to 1963, Dr. Cooper was a Senior Staff Economist with the Council on Economic Advisers. He served as 61

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62 Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Monetary Affairs from 1965 to 1966 and was Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs from 1977 to 1981. Dr. Cooper is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and is the author of numerous articles on economic policy. ROBERT A. FULLER iS Corporate Vice President of Johnson & Johnson. Dr. Fuller, a biochemist, joined Johnson & Johnson (Canada) Ltd. in 1955 as a research chemist. He was named Director of Pharmaceutical Research in 1958 and Director of Research and Development in 1961. In 1966, Dr. Fuller was appointed Director of Research and Development for Johnson & Johnson Domestic Operating Company and became Vice Chairman of Johnson & Johnson International in 1975. He was appointed to his current position in 1981. Dr. Fuller is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemists and a member of the Board of Directors of the Oak Ridge Associated Universities. RALPH E. GOMORY is Vice President and Director of Research for the IBM Corporation. He is responsible for IBM's research laboratories in Yorktown Heights, N.Y.; San Jose Calif.; and Zurich, Switzerland. Dr. Gomory joined IBM in 1959 as a research mathematician at Yorktown Heights. In 1964 he was made an IBM Fellow, a rank conferred on a small number of scien- tists and engineers bv IBM. _ ~ __ In 1970 he was named Director of Research and was elected a Vice President in 1973. Dr. Gomory is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineer- ing. He is a Chairman of the Advisory Council of the Department of Mathematics, Princeton University, and a member of the Advisory Council, School of Engineering, Stanford University. NORMAN HACKERMAN is President of Rice University. Dr. Hackerman joined the faculty of the University of Texas, Austin, in 1944 and served as Chairman of the Chemistry Department from 1952 to 1961 and President from 1967 to 1970. Dr. Hackerman was Chairman of the National Science Board from 1974 to 1980. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and Defense Science Board. N. BRUCE HANNAY is the retired Vice President for Research and Patents for Bell Laboratories. Trained

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63 as a chemist, Dr. Hannay's career with Bell Labs spanned almost four decades. Dr. Hannay has served extensively in an advisory role to academia and the government. He currently is active in board and consulting activities with a number of corporations. Dr. Hannay is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves as Foreign Secretary of the National Academy of Engineering. THEODORE M. HESBURGH has been President of the University of Notre Dame since 1952. Father Hesburgh has served on numerous commissions, including the Civil Rights Commission (1957-1972); the Carnegie Commission on the Future of Higher Education; and the Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force (1970) . He is a Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and the Wood row Wilson National Fellowship Foundation and is Chairman with rank of Ambassador to the U.S. delegation, U.N. Conference on Science and Technology for Development. In 1964, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. WILLIAM R. HEWLETT is Chairman of the Executive Committee and co-founder of the Hewlett-Packard Company. From 1969-1977, he was President, Chief Executive Officer, and Director of Hewlett-Packard. Mr. Hewlett was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee from 1966 to 1969 and is currently a Trustee and Chairman of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering and holds patents on several electronic devices. WILLIAM N. HUBBARD, JR., is President of The Upjohn Company. Dr. Hubbard received his M.D. degree in 194 4 and served as Dean of the University of Michigan Medical School (1959-1970) and Professor of Interna 1 Medicine (1964-1970) before joining The Upjohn Company in 1970. He was elected President of Upjohn in 1974. Dr. Hubbard is a member of numerous medical honorary societies and currently serves as a consultant to the National Science Board. SHIRLEY M. HUFSTEDLER is a Partner with the law firm of Hufstedler Miller Carlson & Beardsley. Judge Hufstedler was admitted to the California bar in 1950

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64 and served as Judge, Superior Court, Los Angeles from 1961-1966. In 1968, she was appointed Circuit Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals. In 1979, President Carter appointed her as Secretary of the Department of Education. Judge Hufstedler is a Trustee of the California Institute of Technology and the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies. ROBERT S. . INGERSOLL served as Deputy Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the University of Chicago from 1976 to 1981, following 4 years of service with the Department of State, first as U.S. Ambassador to Japan (1972 to 1973), then as Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs (1974), and finally Deputy Secretary of State (1974 to 1976). Before his service in Japan, Mr. Ingersoll spent 33 years with the Borg- Warner Corporation. He was Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Borg-Warner at the time of his appointment to Japan. In June of 1979, President Carter apointed Mr. Ingersoll Co-Chairman (for the United States) of the Japan-United States Economic Relations Group. Mr. Ingersoll is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and is Chairman, Japan Society, Inc. (NYC). CARL KAYSEN is the David W. Skinner Professor of Political Economy and Director of the Program in Science, Technology, & Society at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Kaysen received his Ph.D. in economics in 1954 and was a Senior Fulbright research scholar at the London School of Economics from 1955 to 1956. He served as Deputy Assistant to President Kennedy for National Security from 1961 to 1963. Before joining the faculty at MIT, Dr. Kaysen was Director of the Institute for Advanced Study (1966-1976) . Dr. Kaysen was also the Vice Chairman and Director of Research for the Sloan Commission on Government and Higher Education from 1977 to 1979. ALLEN E. PUCKETT is Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Hughes Aircraft Company and has been in key management positions with the company for nearly three decades. Prior to joining Hughes, Dr. Puckett was a research associate in aerodynamics at the California Institute of Techno ogy, Technical Consultant at the U.S. Army Ordnance Aberdeen Proving Ground, and Chief of the Wind Tunnel Section for the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion

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65 Laboratory. He has served on numerous industry and government committees, including the Defense Science Board and the Aerospace Industries Association. Dr. Puckett is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering and is the author of several technical papers on high-speed aerodynamics. DAVID V. RAGONE is President of the Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Ragone was a member of the faculty of the Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, from 1953 to 1962. He joined the General Atomic Division of General Dynamics as Chairman of the Metallurgy Department in 1962 and was appointed Assistant Director of the John J. Hopkins Laboratory for Pure and Applied Science in 1965. In 1972, Dr. Ragone returned to the University of Michigan to assume the position of Dean of the College of Engineering. Dr. Ragone is a member of numerous professional engineering societies. JOHN S. REED is a Vice Chairman of Citibank. Mr. Reed joined Citibank in 1965 and was named Head of the Consumer Services Group in 1974. In 1980, he was appointed Senior Executive Vice President of Citicorp/Citibank and was in charge of the corporation's worldwide banking business with individuals. He was appointed to his present position in 1981. Mr. Reed is a member of the Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. WALTER A. ROSENBLITH is Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Rosenblith joined the faculty of MIT in 1951 as an Associate Professor of Communications Biophysics and was appointed Professor in 1957 and Institute Professor in 1975. From 1971 to 1980> he served as Provost of MIT. Professor Rosenblith was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee from 1961 to 1966. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine and currently serves as the Foreign Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences. ROBERT M. SOLOW is Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined the faculty of MIT in 1949 and was appointed Professor of

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66 Economics in 1958 and Institute Professor in 1973. Dr. Solow was Senior Economist for the Council on Economic Advisers from 1961 to 1962 and a consultant from 1962 to 1968. He has been a member of several presidential commissions and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. JOHN E. STEINER is Vice President for Corporate Produc t Development for The Boeing Company. Since 1941, he has been active in the technololgy, development, design, testing, certification, product evaluation, and program management of virtually all Boeing airplanes. During his career with Boeing, Mr. Steiner has served in numerous management positions, including Design and Program Head of the initial 727 airplane program (1960-1964). He has represented the air transport industry through his many appointments and congressional testimonies in the areas of R&D, industrial productivity, safety, regulations, airline economics, and military procurement. Mr. Steiner is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Royal Aeronautical Society of Great Britain. WILLIAM J. WEISS is Vice Chairman of the Board and Chief Operating Officer for Motorola, Inc. Mr. Weisz joined Motorola in 1948 following receipt of a degree in electrical engineering. He was elected a Vice President in 1961, President in 1970, and in 1972 became Chief Operating Officer. In 1980, he was elected Vice Chairman of the Board, continuing as Chief Operating Officer. In 1981, Mr. Weisz was presented with the Electronics Industries Association's highest personal recognition, the Medal of Honor, for his outstanding contributions to the advancement of the electronics industry. LEONARD WOODCOCK served as Ambassador to China from 1978 to 1981 and Chief of Mission with rank of Ambassador for the U.S. Liaison Office in Peking from 1977 to 1978. Mr. Woodcock was International Vice President of the United Auto Workers from 1955 to 1970. He was elected President of the UAW in 1970 and President Emeritus in 1977.