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References Abdulla, M., K. Kolar, and S. Svensson. 1979. Selenium. Scand. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl. 14: 181-184. Adamstone, F. B., J. L. Krider, and M. F. James. 1949. Response of swine to vitamin E- deficient rations. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 52:260. Alexander, A. R. 1982. The effect of food processing on the bioavailability of selenium in tuna and wheat: Human and rat studies. Ph.D. thesis. University of Oregon, Corvallis. Allaway, W. H. 1968. Control of the environmental levels of selenium. P. 181 in Trace Sub- stances in Environmental Health, II: Proc. University of Missouri 2nd Annual Conference on Trace Substances in Environmental Health, D. D. Hemphill, ed. Columbia, Missouri. Allaway, W. H. 1972. An overview of distribution patterns of trace elements in soils and plants. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 199:17-25. Allaway, W. H. 1973. Selenium in the food chain. Cornell Vet. 63:151. Allaway, W. H. 1978. Perspectives on trace elements in soil and human health. In Trace Substances in Environmental Health, XII, D. D. Hemphill, ed. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. Allaway, W. H., and E. E. Cary. 1964. Determination of submicrogram amounts of selenium in biological materials. Anal. Chem. 36:1359. Allaway, W. H., D. P. Moore, J. E. Oldfield, and O. H. Muth. 1966. Movement of physiolog- ical levels of selenium from soils through plants to animals. J. Nutr. 88:411. Allaway, W. H., E. E. Cary, and C. F. Ehlig. 1967. The cycling of low levels of selenium in soils, plants and animals. Pp. 273-296 in Selenium in Biomedicine: A Symposium, O. H. Muth, ed. Westport, Conn.: AVI. Allaway, W. H., J. Kubota, F. Losee, and M. Roth. 1968. Selenium, molybdenum, and va- nadium in human blood. Arch. Environ. Health 16:342. Ammerman, C. B., H. L. Chapman, G. W. Bowman, J. P. Fontenot, C. P. Bagley, and A. L. Moxon. 1980. Effect of supplemental selenium for beef cows on the performance and tissue selenium concentrations of cows and suckling calves. J. Anim. Sci. 51:1381. Anderson, M. S., H. W. Lakin, K. C. Beeson, F. F. Smith, and E. Thacker. 1961. Selenium in Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Handb. No. 200. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 136

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References 137 Anderson, P. H., S. Berrett, and D. S. P. Patterson. 1978. Glutathione peroxidase activity in erythrocytes and muscle of cattle and sheep and its relationship to selenium. J. Comp. Pathol. 88:181-189. Andreesen, J. R., and L. G. Ljungdahl. 1973. Formate dehydrogenase of Clostridium ther- moaceticum: Incorporation of selenium-75 and the effects of selenite, molybdate and tung- state on the enzyme. J. Bacteriol. 116:867-873. Andrews, E. D., W. H. Hartley, and A. B. Grant. 1968. Selenium-responsive diseases of animals in New Zealand. N. Z. Vet. J. 16:3-17. Anonymous. 1979a. Minerals Yearbook, 1978-79. Vol. 2. Area Reports: Domestic. Wash- ington, D.C.: Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior. Anonymous. 1979b. Minerals Yearbook, 1978-79. Vol. 3. Area Reports: International. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior. Arthur, D. 1971. Selenium contents of some feed ingredients available in Canada. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 51:71. Arthur, D. 1972. Selenium content of Canadian foods. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Technol. 5:165. Awasthi, Y. C., E. Beutler, and S. K. Srivastava. 1975. Purification and properties of human erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 250:5144-5149. Awasthi, Y. C., D. D. Dao, A. K. Lal, and S. K. Srivastava. 1979. Purification and proper- ties of glutathione peroxidase from human placenta. Biochem. J. 177:471-476. Bai, J., S. Q. Wu, K. Y. Ge, X. J. Deng, and C. Q. Su. 1980. The combined effect of sele- nium deficiency and viral infection on the myocardium of mice (preliminary study). Acta Acad. Med. Sin. 2:29-31. Basson, P. A., and J. M. Hofmeyr. 1973. Mortalities associated with wildlife capture opera- tions. P. 151 in The Capture and Care of Wild Animals, E. Young, ed. Cape Town: Hu- man and Rousseau. Basson, P. A., R. M. McCully, S. P. Kruger, J. W. van Niekerk, E. Young, V. de Vos, M. E. Keep, and H. Ebedes. 1971. Disease conditions of game in Southern Africa: Recent mis- cellaneous findings. Vet. Med. Res. 3:313. Baustad, B., and I. Nafstad. 1972. Hematologic response to vitamin E in piglets. Br. J. Nutr. 28:183. Beath, O. A. 1962. Selenium poisons Indians. Sci. Newsl. 81:254. Beath, O. A., J. H. Draize, H. F. Eppson, C. S. Gilbert, and O. C. McCreary. 1934. Certain poisonous plants of Wyoming activated by selenium and their association with respect to soil types. J. Am. Pharm. Assoc. 23:94. Beath, O. A., H. F. Eppson, and C. S. Gilbert. 1935. Selenium and other toxic minerals in soils and vegetation. Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 206. Lara- mie: University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station. Beath, O. A., H. F. Eppson, and C. S. Gilbert. 1937. Selenium distribution in and seasonal variation of type vegetation occurring on seleniferous soils. J. Am. Pharm. Assoc. 26:394. Beath, O. A., A. F. Hagner, and C. S. Gilbert. 1946. Some rocks of high selenium content. Wyoming Geological Survey Bulletin No. 36. Laramie: The Geological Survey of Wyo- ming, University of Wyoming. Beauchamp, E. G., T. H. Lane, R. B. Carson, and M. Hidiroglou. 1969. A note on selenium contents of two leguminous forage species collected in Ontario and the possible incidence of selenium-responsive disease. Can. Vet. J. 10: 193. Beeson, K. C. 1961. Occurrence and significance of selenium in plants. P. 34 in Selenium in Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Handb. No. 200, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Beeson, K. C., and G. M. Matrone. 1972. The Soil Factor in Nutrition. Animal and Human. New York: Marcel Dekker. 112 pp.

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138 References Behne, D., and W. Wolters. 1979. Selenium content and glutathione peroxidase activity in the plasma and erythrocytes of non-pregnant and pregnant women. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem. 17:133. Bell, M. C., J. A. Bacon, G. R. Bratton, and J. E. Wilkinson. 1978. Effects of dietary sele- nium and lead on selected tissues of chicks. Pp. 604-607 in Trace Element Metabolism in Man and Animals, 3, E. M. Kirchgessner, ed. Weihenstephan: Arbeitskreis fur Tierernahrungsforschung. Bengtsson, G., J. Hakkarainen, L. Jonsson, N. Lannek, and P. Lindberg. 1978a. Require- ment for selenium (as selenite) and vitamin E (as oe-tocopherol) in weaned pigs. I. The effect of varying ~x-tocopherol levels in a selenium deficient diet on the development of the VESD syndrome. J. Anim. Sci. 46:143. Bengtsson, G., J. Hakkarainen, L. Jonsson, N. Lannek, and P. Lindberg. 1978b. Require- ment for selenium (as selenite) and vitamin E (as ~x-tocopherol) in weaned pigs. II. The effect of varying selenium levels in a vitamin E deficient diet on the development of the VESD syndrome. J. Anim. Sci. 46:153. Bergsten, G., R. Holmback, and P. Lindberg. 1970. Blood selenium in naturally fed horses and the effect of selenium administration. Acta Vet. Scand. 11:571. Bieri, J. G., and R. P. Evarts. 1974. Vitamin E activity of o`-tocopherol in the rat, chick and hamster. J. Nutr. 107:850. Bisbjerg, B., and G. Gissel-Nielsen. 1969. The uptake of applied selenium by agricultural plants. 1. The influence of soil type and plant specie. Plant Soil 31:187. Bisbjerg, B., P. Jochumsen, and N. O. Rasbech. 1970. Selenium content in organs, milk, and fodder of the cow. Nord. Veterinaermed. 22:532. Black, W. G., L. C. Ulberg, H. E. Kidder, J. Sinvi, S. H. McNutt, and L. E. Casida. 1953. Inflammatory response of the bovine endometrium. Am. J. Vet. Res. 14:179. Black, R. S., M. J. Tripp, P. D. Whanger, and P. H. Weswig. 1978. Selenium proteins in ovine tissues. III. Distribution of selenium and glutathione peroxidases in tissue cytosols. Bioinorg. Chem. 161-172. Blackmore, D. J., K. Willett, and D. Agness. 1979. Selenium and gamma-glutamyl trans- ferase activity in the serum of thoroughbreds. Res. Vet. Sci. 26:76. Blaxter, K. L. 1962. Vitamin E in health and disease of cattle and sheep. Vitamin Horm. 20:633-643. Bonetti, E., and F. Stirpe. 1963. Effect of selenium on muscular dystrophy in vitamin E- deficient rats and guinea pigs. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 114:109. Bonucci, E., and R. Sadun. 1973. Experimental calcification of the myocardium: Ultrastruc- tural and histochemical investigations. Am. J. Pathol. 71:167-192. Bostrom, H., and P. O. Wester. 1968. Full balances of trace elements in two cases of os- teomalacia. Acta Med. Scand. 183:209. Bowen, W. H. 1972. The effects of selenium and vanadium on caries activity in monkeys (M. irus). J. Ir. Dent. Assoc. 18:83-89. Boyne, R., and J. R. Arthur. 1978. Defective leucocyte function in selenium deficient cattle. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 38:14A. Boyne, R., and J. R. Arthur. 1979. Alterations of neutrophil function in selenium deficient cattle. J. Comp. Pathol. 89(1):151-158. Brady, P. S., J. E. Shelle, and D. E. Ullrey. 1977. Rapid changes in equine erythrocyte glu- tathione reductase with exercise. Am. J. Vet. Res. 38:1045. Brady, P. S., P. K. Ku, and D. E. Ullrey. 1978a. Lack of effect of selenium supplementation on the response of the equine erythrocyte glutathione system and plasma enzymes to exer- cise. J. Anim. Sci. 47:492. Brady, P. S., L. J. Brady, P. A. Whetter, D. E. Ullrey, and L. D. Fay. 1978b. The effect of

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References 139 dietary selenium and vitamin E on biochemical parameters and survival of young among white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virgir~ianus). J. Nutr. 108:1439. Brady, P. S., L. J. Brady, M. J. Parsons, D. E. Ullrey, and E. R. Miller. 1979. Effects of riboflavin deficiency on growth and glutathione peroxidase system enzymes in the baby pig. J. Nutr. 109:1615-1622. Britton, J. L., T. R. Shearer, and D. J. De Sart. 1980. Cariotasis by moderate doses of sele- nium in the rat model. Arch. Environ. Health 35:74-76. Broghamer, W. L., K. P. McConnell, M. Grimaldi, and A. J. Blotcky. 1979. Serum selenium levels in carcinoma and reticulo-endothelial neoplasms. Pp. 199-208 in Nutrition and Can- cer, J. van Eys, M. S. Seelig, and B. L. Nichols, eds. New York: SP Medical and Scientific Books. Brown, D. G., and R. F. Burk. 1973. Selenium retention in tissues and sperm of rats fed a torula yeast diet. J. Nutr. 103:102. Broyer, T. C., D. C. Lee, and C. J. Asher. 1966. Selenium nutrition of green plants. Effect of selenite supply on growth and selenium content of alfalfa and subterranean clover. Plant Physiol. 41:1425. Broyer, T. C., C. M. Johnson, and R. P. Huston. 1972a. Selenium and nutrition of Astraga- lus. I. Effects of selenite or selenate supply on growth and selenium content. Plant Soil 36:635. Broyer, T. C., C. M. Johnson, and R. P. Huston. 1972b. Selenium and nutrition of Astraga- lus. II. Ionic sorption interactions among selenium, phosphate, and the macro- and micro- nutrient ratios. Plant Soil 36:651. Bryant, R. W., and J. M. Bailey. 1980. Altered lipoxygenase metabolism and decreased glu- tathione peroxidase activity in platelets from selenium-deficient rats. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 92:268-276. Buchanan-Smith, J. G., E. C. Nelson, and A. D. Tillman. 1969. Effect of vitamin E and selenium deficiencies on Iysosomal and cytoplasmic enzymes in sheep tissues. J. Nutr. 99:387-394. Bult, H., P. Van den Bosch, R. Van den Bosch, A. Van Hoydonck, and A. G. Herman. 1981. Selenium deficiency impairs the biosynthesis of prostacyclin in rat aorta. Thromb. Haemostasis Gen. Inf. 46:272. Bunk, M. J., and G. F. Combs, Jr. 1980. Effect of selenium on appetite of the selenium- deficient chick. J. Nutr. 1 10: 743 - 749. Bunk, M. J., and G. F. Combs, Jr. 1981a. Evidence for an impairment in the conversion of methionine to cysteine in the selenium-deficient chick. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 167:87. Bunk, M. J., and G. F. Combs, Jr. 1981b. Relationship of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase activity and nutritional pancreatic atrophy in selenium-deficient chicks. J. Nutr. 111:1611-1620. Burk, R. F. 1973. Effect of dietary selenium level on 75Se binding to rat plasma proteins. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 143:719. Burk, R. F. 1974. In vivo 75Se binding to human plasma proteins after administration of 75SeO2-3. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 372:255. Burk, R. F. 1976. Selenium in man. Pp. 105-133 in Trace Elements in Human Health and Disease, Vol. 2, A. S. Prasad, ed. London: Academic Press. Burk, R. F., and M. A. Correia. 1978. Accelerated hepatic heme synthesis and degradation in selenium deficiency. Pp. 226-229 in Trace Element Metabolism in Man and Animals, 3, E. M. Kirchgessner, ed. Weihenstephan: Arbeitskreis fur Tierernahrungsforschung. Burk, R. F., and P. E. Gregory. 1982. Some characteristics of 75Se-P, a selenoprotein found in rat liver and plasma, and comparison of it with seleno-glutathione peroxidase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 213:73-80.

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140 References Burk, R. F., W. N. Pearson, R. P. Wood, II, and F. Viteri. 1967. Blood selenium levels and in vitro red blood cell uptake of 75Se in kwashiorkor. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 20:723-733. Burk, R. F., D. G. Brown, R. J. Seely, and C. C. Scaief. 1972. Influence of dietary and injected selenium on whole-body retention, route of excretion, and tissue retention of 75SeO2-3 in the rat. J. Nutr. 102:1049. Burk, R. F., A. M. Mackinnon, and F. R. Simon. 1974. Selenium and hepatic microsomal hemoproteins. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 56:431-436. Burk, R. F., K. Nishiki, R. A. Lawrence, and B. Chance. 1978. Peroxide removal by sele- nium-dependent and selenium-independent peroxidases in hemoglobin-free perfused rat liver. J. Biol. Chem. 253:43-46. Burk, R. F., R. A. Lawrence and J. M. Lane. 1980. Liver necrosis and lipid peroxidation in the rat as the result of paraquat and diquat administration. Effect of selenium deficiency. J. Clin. Invest. 65:1024-1031. Burk, R. F., J. M. Lane, R. A. Lawrence, and P. E. Gregory. 1981. Effect of selenium defi- ciency on liver and blood glutathione peroxidase activity in guinea pigs. J. Nutr. 111:690- 693. Bus, J. S., S. D. Aust, and J. E. Gibson. 1975. Lipid peroxidation: A possible mechanism for paraquat toxicity. Res. Commun. Chem. Pathol. Pharmacol. 11:31-38. Butler, G. W., and P. J. Peterson. 1967. Uptake and metabolism of inorganic forms of sele- nium-75 by Spirodela oligorrhiza. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 20:77. Butler, J. A., P. D. Whanger, N. M. Patton, and P. H. Weswig. 1980. Dietary selenium and pregnancy-a primate study. Fed. Proc. 39:339 (Abstr.). Butler, J. A., P. D. Whanger, and M. J. Tripp. 1982. Blood selenium and glutathione perox- idase activity in pregnant women: Comparative assays in primates and other animals. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 36 (July):15-23. Buttner, W. 1963. Action of trace elements on the metabolism of fluoride. J. Dent. Res. 42:453-460. Byard, J. L. 1969. Trimethyl selenide. A urinary metabolite of selenite. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 130:556. Byers, H. G. 1935. Selenium Occurrence in Certain Soils in the United States With a Discus- sion of Related Topics. U.S. Department of Agriculture Tech. Bull. No. 482. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Byers, H. G. 1936. Selenium Occurrence in Certain Soils in the United States With a Discus- sion of Related Topics. Second Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture Tech. Bull. No. 530. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Byers, H. G., and H. W. Lakin. 1939. Selenium in Canada. Can. J. Res. 17:364. Byers, H. G., J. T. Miller, K. T. Williams, and H. W. Lakin. 1938. Selenium Occurrence in Certain Soils in the United States With a Discussion of Related Topics. Third Report. U. S. Department of Agriculture Tech. Bull. No. 601. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printina Office. Cadell, P. B., and F. B. Cousins. 190U. Ur~nary se~en~um ana aen~a~ car~es. ~ure lOD.OU~- 864. Cagen, S. Z., and J. E. Gibson. 1977. Liver damage following paraquat in selenium-deficient and diethyl maleate-pretreated mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 40:193. Callahan, C. J. 1969. Post parturient infection of dairy cattle. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 155: 1963-1964. Calvert, C. C., and M. L. Scott. 1963. Effect of selenium on requirement for vitamin E and cystine for the prevention of nutritional muscular dystrophy in the chick. Fed. Proc. 22:944 (Abet. ).

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