TABLE 2 Prison Inmates in the United States, 1965 to 1989

 

 

 

 

Annual Change in Inmates (%)

Year

Number of Inmates

Inmates per 100,000 Total Population

Inmates per 100,000 Adult Population

Number of Inmates

Rate per Total Population

Rate per Adult Population

1965

210,895

109.0

170.3

1966

199,654

102.1

158.9

-5.3

-6.3

-6.7

1967

194,896

98.7

152.8

-2.4

-3.3

-3.8

1968

187,914

94.2

145.1

-3.6

-4.5

-5.1

1969

196,007

97.3

148.9

4.3

3.3

2.6

1970

196,429

96.3

146.3

0.2

-1.1

-1.7

1971

198,061

95.8

144.5

0.8

-0.6

-1.2

1972

196,092

93.7

140.2

-1.0

-2.2

-3.0

1973

204,211

96.6

143.2

4.1

3.1

2.1

1974

218,466

102.4

150.3

7.0

6.0

4.9

1975

240,593

111.7

162.2

10.1

9.0

7.9

1976

262,833

120.8

173.7

9.2

8.2

7.1

1977

278,141

126.6

180.3

5.8

4.8

3.8

1977

285,456

129.9

185.0

2.6

2.6

2.6

1978

294,396

132.6

187.1

3.1

2.0

1.2

1979

301,470

134.2

187.9

2.4

1.3

0.4

1980

315,974

139.0

193.2

4.8

3.6

2.8

1981

353,167

153.8

212.3

11.8

10.6

9.9

1982

394,374

170.0

233.3

11.7

10.5

9.9

1983

419,820

179.2

244.8

6.5

5.4

4.9

1984

443,398

187.5

255.3

5.6

4.6

4.3

1985

480,568

201.3

273.5

8.4

7.4

7.1

1986

522,084

216.8

293.8

8.6

7.7

7.5

1987

560,812

230.7

312.2

7.4

6.4

6.3

1988

603,720

246.1

332.3

7.7

6.7

6.4

1989

679,263

274.5

369.8

12.5

11.5

11.3

 

 

1975-1980 Average

5.5

4.5

3.7

 

 

1980-1988 Average

8.0

7.0

6.6

 

SOURCES: Flanagan and Maguire (1990:Table 6.43); Bureau of Justice Statistics (1990a). Adjustments to form population rates use population data from Bureau of the Census (1974, 1982, 1984, and 1986). Both custody and jurisdiction counts are reported for 1977 to facilitate year-to-year comparisons.

states, whereas rape and aggravated assault are the least prevalent of the crime types compared.

When examined over time from 1975 to 1988, the crime mix of inmates in each of the six states does not display any general increases in violent offenses among either commitments to prison or resident inmates. With the exceptions of rape (which increases



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