Bureau of Justice Statistics, 87, 243

Burglary, 18, 20, 30, 35, 36, 177, 300, 303

C

California, 136, 300, 318, 319, 320, 363n:18

Case management, 220, 284n:2

Censoring events, 247, 254, 283

Chicago, Ill., 18-19, 22

Chicago Tribune, 29, 30

Child abuse and neglect, 92, 148, 151n:16, 179, 200-201

classification instruments, 234-235, 242

false accusations of, 139-140

later violent behavior by victims, 81, 122, 180, 201, 238

mental health impacts, 98, 179-180

psychological testing for, 234-235

risk factors, 237

Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory, 234-235

Cities. See Neighborhoods; Urban areas

Citizen patrols and crime-reporting programs, 24

Classification of violent behavior, 217-219, 226-228, 229-247

informal methods, 225-226

research needs, 281-283

types of, 230-245

Clinical predictions, 237

Coefficient alpha, 223

Community treatment facilities, 83

Companionship, 19, 22

loss of, 81, 119

Compensatory value. See Willingness to accept

Conduct disorder, 236

Consequences of violent behavior, 1, 67-69.

See also Costs of violent behavior;

Injuries

Construct validity, 221-222

Consumer product injuries, 89-90

Content validity, 221

Contingent valuation surveys, 85

Corporal punishment, 204

Correctional institutions and inmates, 296-298, 354-358

classification systems, 231-233, 236-237

costs of incarceration, 71-72, 73, 83, 131-134, 136-139

fear of victimization in, 56

offense rates and mix, 307-321

official records, 240-241

overcrowding, 305-307

populations, 298-307, 320-321

public opinion on, 49-50

rates of incarceration, 131-132, 315-320

risk and severity of imprisonment, 312-314

Costs of violent behavior, 67-70, 75, 76, 87-89, 91-122, 141-145

comparisons among offenses, 70-71

conceptual framework, 72-79

criminal justice system, 83, 125-135

death risk, 86, 117-118

direct, 72, 79, 79-81, 80, 85, 87, 91-101

emergency response, 101-106

estimation, 69-72, 78-79, 84-87, 189

to family members, 81, 118-121

fear of crime, 83, 88, 125

fixed, average, and marginal, 76-77

imprisonment, 71-72, 73, 83, 131-134, 136-139

indirect, 85-86, 99-101

injuries, 82, 84-87, 89-91, 91-94, 145-146

literature review, 84-91

medical, 73, 79, 88, 89-94, 145

mental health, 79, 88, 98-99, 114-115, 121, 122, 152n:24-25

monetary, 73-74, 87, 99-101

nonmonetary, 72, 73-74, 79, 81, 85-86, 87-89, 101, 150n:8

to offenders, 73, 83, 84, 136-139, 141

offsetting benefits, 75-76

overdeterrence, 83-84, 139-140

pain, suffering, and quality of life, 73-74, 81, 88, 89, 90, 112-117

and policy analysis, 71-72

preventive measures, 70, 87, 123-125, 135-136

reduction measures, 77-78

research needs, 99, 146-148

and seriousness of acts, 37, 70, 149n:3

societal, 72-73, 82-84, 122-140, 144, 145



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