Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES



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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 65 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1994

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 Disclaimer: The endnotes within this e-book do not perform pop-up devices, due to non-consecutive note numbers within the text. The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-05037-5 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 CONTENTS     PREFACE   vii     WILDER DWIGHT BANCROFT BY JOHN W. SERVOS   3     HARRISON BROWN BY ROGER REVELLE   41     GEORGE WASHINGTON CORNER BY ELIZABETH M. RAMSEY   57     GILBERT DALLDORF BY FRED RAPP   95     FARRINGTON DANIELS BY ROBERT A. ALBERTY   107     CHARLES STARK DRAPER BY ROBERT A. DUFFY   123     LOUIS FREDERICK FIESER BY MARSHALL GATES   161     KARL PAUL LINK BY ROBERT H. BURRIS   177

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65     DAVID P. C. LLOYD BY HARRY D. PATTON   197     JOSEPH EDWARD MAYER BY BRUNO H. ZIMM   211     MARSTON MORSE BY EVERETT PITCHER   223     PHILIP MCCORD MORSE BY HERMAN FESHBACH   243     ERNEST NAGEL BY PATRICK SUPPES   257     ROBERT L. PIGFORD BY RICHARD E. EMMERT, HAROLD S. KEMP, ARTHUR B. METZNER, AND CHARLES R. WILKE   275     HANS POPPER BY RUDI SCHMID   291     CURT P. RICHTER BY JAY SCHULKIN, PAUL ROZIN, AND ELIOT STELLAR   311     ALBERT JOYCE RIKER BY LUIS SEQUEIRA   323     CHARLES ALLEN THOMAS BY R. BYRON BIRD   339     CECIL JAMES WATSON BY RUDI SCHMID   355     JOHN WARREN WILLIAMS BY ROBERT L. BALDWIN AND JOHN D. FERRY   375     CUMULATIVE INDEX   391

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America-an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN Home Secretary

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 65 This page in the original is blank.