APPENDIX: ADDITIONAL DATA

Chapter 2 presents data on R01 and R23/29 applications and awards. This appendix provides additional detail.

The following tables show the complete series of data for R01, R23, R29, and R37 awards. These award types are described in Chapter 2. All support individual investigators, but they differ in important respects. R23/R29 awards are intended for investigators at an early stage of their careers. As the figures here indicate, almost all applicants are in the younger age cohorts. R37 awards recognize persons at a more advanced stage of their careers who are invited to apply for the awards. The applicants are mainly in the middle to older age groups. The success rate for R37s is almost 100%. This committee considers R01 grants to be the best medium for comparison among different age groups because R01s may be applied for by persons of any age or degree of experience. Thus, Figure 2-6 uses R01 data only. Readers who wish to examine the influence of adding R23/29 or R37 grants or both to the R01 data are provided with the basic information here.

For each age group, a column has been added to show the percentage of all applications submitted by the persons in that age group. The added figures show, for example, that persons 36 and under constituted 17.2% of all R01 grant applicants in 1985 and 7.2% in 1993.

Totals of applications submitted and awards made and overall success rates for all age groups are included in this appendix.

The data presented here are for all competing applications in the series shown and for all of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including the research programs of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration and related institutes that were transferred to NIH in 1992. Data on persons of unknown age are excluded.

We are indebted to Robert Moore and James Tucker of the National Institutes of Health, Division of Research Grants, Information Systems Branch, Statistical Analysis and Evaluation Section, for their patient responses to frequent requests for data and special analyses and for confirmation of the data we have presented on NIH grants.



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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences APPENDIX: ADDITIONAL DATA Chapter 2 presents data on R01 and R23/29 applications and awards. This appendix provides additional detail. The following tables show the complete series of data for R01, R23, R29, and R37 awards. These award types are described in Chapter 2. All support individual investigators, but they differ in important respects. R23/R29 awards are intended for investigators at an early stage of their careers. As the figures here indicate, almost all applicants are in the younger age cohorts. R37 awards recognize persons at a more advanced stage of their careers who are invited to apply for the awards. The applicants are mainly in the middle to older age groups. The success rate for R37s is almost 100%. This committee considers R01 grants to be the best medium for comparison among different age groups because R01s may be applied for by persons of any age or degree of experience. Thus, Figure 2-6 uses R01 data only. Readers who wish to examine the influence of adding R23/29 or R37 grants or both to the R01 data are provided with the basic information here. For each age group, a column has been added to show the percentage of all applications submitted by the persons in that age group. The added figures show, for example, that persons 36 and under constituted 17.2% of all R01 grant applicants in 1985 and 7.2% in 1993. Totals of applications submitted and awards made and overall success rates for all age groups are included in this appendix. The data presented here are for all competing applications in the series shown and for all of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including the research programs of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration and related institutes that were transferred to NIH in 1992. Data on persons of unknown age are excluded. We are indebted to Robert Moore and James Tucker of the National Institutes of Health, Division of Research Grants, Information Systems Branch, Statistical Analysis and Evaluation Section, for their patient responses to frequent requests for data and special analyses and for confirmation of the data we have presented on NIH grants.

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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Age ≤ 36 37–40 41–45 46–50 Fiscal Year No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported R01 Applications by Age 1985 3,040 17.2 33.0 1,002 3,547 20.1 34.4 1,221 4,061 23.0 32.9 1,338 2,637 14.9 32.0 843 1986 2,823 16.4 32.8 927 3,556 20.7 32.3 1,150 4,019 23.3 31.9 1,281 2,514 14.6 30.2 759 1987 2,160 13.6 36.3 784 3,132 19.8 35.9 1,123 3,804 24.0 35.8 1,362 2,592 16.4 34.5 893 1988 2,059 12.2 32.2 662 3,207 19.1 31.5 1,011 4,155 24.7 31.3 1,299 3,092 18.4 29.3 906 1989 1,945 11.3 26.5 516 3,316 19.2 27.5 913 4,137 24.0 27.9 1,153 3,259 18.9 26.7 871 1990 1,621 9.1 20.4 330 2,910 16.3 22.7 661 3,792 21.2 23.0 872 3,050 17.0 24.1 736 1991 1,458 8.5 27.0 393 3,112 18.1 28.0 872 4,275 24.9 28.8 1,231 3,355 19.5 29.4 986 1992 1,393 7.9 29.4 410 3,054 17.4 28.3 863 4,448 25.3 27.7 1,230 3,542 20.1 28.6 1,014 1993 1,389 7.2 21.7 302 3,231 16.7 21.9 708 4,983 25.8 21.4 1,066 4,003 20.7 22.4 895 R23 Applications by Age 1985 786 69.4 38.9 306 214 18.9 28.5 61 73 6.4 23.3 17 17 1.5 17.6 3 1986 682 68.4 35.0 239 186 18.7 26.3 49 65 6.5 27.7 18 18 1.8 11.1 2 1987 144 54.3 31.9 46 67 25.3 20.9 14 29 10.9 24.1 7 9 3.4 22.2 2 R29 Applications by Age 1985   1986 29 82.9 96.6 28 4 11.4 100.0 4 1 2.9 100.0 1   1987 1,090 59.5 27.0 294 452 24.7 21.5 97 173 9.4 17.9 31 40 2.2 7.5 3 1988 1,207 55.3 34.2 413 594 27.2 29.5 175 245 11.2 24.5 60 55 2.5 16.4 9 1989 957 52.6 34.1 326 563 30.9 29.7 167 182 10.0 22.0 40 41 2.3 14.6 6 1990 803 47.2 27.1 218 473 27.8 30.0 142 166 9.7 19.9 33 40 2.3 7.5 3 1991 760 46.6 33.9 258 508 31.1 28.7 146 187 11.5 22.5 42 47 2.9 25.5 12 1992 791 45.5 35.8 283 620 35.7 31.1 193 226 13.0 26.5 60 50 2.9 20.0 10 1993 787 42.2 28.6 225 669 35.9 28.3 189 307 16.5 21.2 65 68 3.6 23.5 16 R37 Applications by Age 1985   1986 3 1.8 100.0 3 7 4.1 100.0 7 27 16.0 100.0 27 48 28.4 97.9 47 1987         16 8.2 100.0 16 34 17.3 100.0 34 41 20.9 100.0 41 1988 2 0.9 100.0 2 11 4.9 100.0 11 44 19.7 97.7 43 48 21.5 95.8 46 1989 2 1.0 100.0 2 11 5.5 90.9 10 45 22.6 100.0 45 48 24.1 97.9 47 1990         5 3.3 100.0 5 14 9.2 100.0 14 39 25.5 94.9 37 1991         2 0.7 100.0 2 38 13.9 92.1 35 60 22.0 96.7 58 1992 2 0.6 100.0 2 3 0.9 100.0 3 41 11.8 97.6 40 69 19.9 91.3 63 1993 1 0.3 0.0 0 6 1.8 100.0 6 34 10.4 97.1 33 76 23.2 92.1 70

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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Age 51–55 56–60 >60 Totals Fiscal Year No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported Total Apps Rec'd Total Awards Overall Rate R01 Applications by Age 1985 1,660 9.4 29.0 482 1,225 6.9 30.0 367 1,021 5.8 26.2 267 17,670 5751 32.5 1986 1,641 9.5 28.3 465 1,144 6.6 23.6 270 989 5.7 27.4 271 17,212 5408 31.4 1987 1,559 9.9 30.8 480 1,141 7.2 33.0 376 928 5.9 30.6 284 15,825 5608 35.4 1988 1,662 9.9 28.0 465 1,213 7.2 26.3 319 1,039 6.2 28.1 292 16,814 5170 30.7 1989 1,894 11.0 23.2 439 1,175 6.8 22.3 262 1,105 6.4 22.7 251 17,257 4607 26.7 1990 1,825 10.2 20.9 382 1,051 5.9 20.3 213 1,048 5.9 19.7 206 17,898 4112 23.0 1991 2,033 11.8 25.4 516 1,153 6.7 25.5 294 1,168 6.8 22.3 260 17,203 4709 27.4 1992 2,316 13.2 24.3 562 1,271 7.2 23.4 297 1,258 7.2 23.2 292 17,579 4769 27.1 1993 2,722 14.1 20.3 553 1,361 7.0 20.6 281 1,469 7.6 17.5 257 19,314 4121 21.3 R23 Applications by Age 1985 4 0.4 25.0 1 1 0.1 0.0 0         1,133 409 36.1 1986 4 0.4 0.0 0 4 0.4 25.0 1 3 0.3 0.0 0 997 332 33.3 1987 3 1.1 33.3 1 2 0.8 0.0 0         265 79 29.8 R29 Applications by Age 1985 1986 35 34 97.1 1987 10 0.5 10.0 1 4 0.2 0.0 0 1 0.1 0.0 0 1,831 468 25.6 1988 15 0.7 0.0 0 5 0.2 0.0 0 5 0.2 20.0 1 2,181 695 31.9 1989 12 0.7 25.0 3 2 0.1 0.0 0 2 0.1 0.0 0 1,820 576 31.6 1990 15 0.9 13.3 2 4 0.2 0.0 0 1 0.1 0.0 0 1,703 486 28.5 1991 13 0.8 15.4 2 4 0.2 75.0 3 2 0.1 0.0 0 1,631 505 31.0 1992 9 0.5 55.6 5 1 0.1 0.0 0 1 0.1 0.0 0 1,739 574 33.0 1993 18 1.0 11.1 2 3 0.2 0.0 0         1,865 505 27.1 R37 Applications by Age 1985 1986 33 19.5 100.0 33 26 15.4 100.0 26 21 12.4 100.0 21 169 168 99.4 1987 38 19.4 100.0 38 31 15.8 100.0 31 19 9.7 100.0 19 196 196 100.0 1988 42 18.8 100.0 42 31 13.9 100.0 31 37 16.6 100.0 37 223 220 98.7 1989 38 19.1 97.4 37 22 11.1 100.0 22 28 14.1 100.0 28 199 196 98.5 1990 25 16.3 96.0 24 23 15.0 91.3 21 23 15.0 95.7 22 153 138 90.2 1991 70 25.6 90.0 63 40 14.7 95.0 38 57 20.9 96.5 55 273 257 94.1 1992 96 27.7 91.7 88 55 15.9 85.5 47 74 21.4 86.5 64 346 312 90.2 1993 76 23.2 92.1 70 51 15.6 92.2 47 79 24.2 91.1 72 327 302 92.4

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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Age ≤ 36 37–40 41–45 46–50 Fiscal Year No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported R01 and R23/ R29 Applications by Age 1985 3,826 20.3 34.2 1,308 3,761 20.0 34.1 1,282 4,134 22.0 32.8 1,355 2,654 14.1 31.9 846 1986 3,534 19.4 33.8 1,194 3,746 20.5 32.1 1,203 4,085 22.4 31.8 1,300 2,532 13.9 30.1 761 1987 3,394 18.9 33.1 1,124 3,651 20.4 33.8 1,234 4,006 22.4 34.9 1,400 2,641 14.7 34.0 898 1988 3,266 17.2 32.9 1,075 3,801 20.0 31.2 1,186 4,400 23.2 30.9 1,359 3,147 16.6 29.1 915 1989 2,902 15.2 29.0 842 3,879 20.3 27.8 1,080 4,319 22.6 27.6 1,193 3,300 17.3 26.6 877 1990 2,424 12.4 22.6 548 3,383 17.3 23.7 803 3,958 20.2 22.9 905 3,090 15.8 23.9 739 1991 2,218 11.8 29.4 651 3,620 19.2 28.1 1,018 4,462 23.7 28.5 1,273 3,402 18.1 29.3 998 1992 2,184 11.3 31.7 693 3,674 19.0 28.7 1,056 4,674 24.2 27.6 1,290 3,592 18.6 28.5 1,024 1993 2,176 10.3 24.2 527 3,900 18.4 23.0 897 5,290 25.0 21.4 1,131 4,071 19.2 22.4 911 R01, R37, and R23/ R29 Applications by Age 1985 3,826 20.3 34.2 1,308 3,761 20.0 34.09 1,282 4,134 22.0 32.78 1,355 2,654 14.1 31.88 846 1986 3,537 19.2 33.8 1,197 3,753 20.4 32.24 1,210 4,112 22.3 32.27 1,327 2,580 14.0 31.32 808 1987 3,394 18.7 33.1 1,124 3,667 20.2 34.09 1,250 4,040 22.3 35.5 1,434 2,682 14.8 35.0 939 1988 3,268 17.0 33.0 1,077 3,812 19.8 31.4 1,197 4,444 23.1 31.55 1,402 3,195 16.6 30.08 961 1989 2,904 15.1 29.1 844 3,890 20.2 28.0 1,090 4,364 22.6 28.37 1,238 3,348 17.4 27.6 924 1990 2,424 12.3 22.6 548 3,388 17.2 23.85 808 3,972 20.1 23.14 919 3,129 15.8 24.8 776 1991 2,218 11.6 29.4 651 3,622 19.0 28.16 1,020 4,500 23.6 29.07 1,308 3,462 18.1 30.5 1,056 1992 2,186 11.1 31.8 695 3,677 18.7 28.8 1,059 4,715 24.0 28.21 1,330 3,661 18.6 29.69 1,087 1993 2,177 10.1 24.2 527 3,906 18.2 23.12 903 5,324 24.8 21.86 1,164 4,147 19.3 23.66 981

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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Age 51–55 56–60 >60 Totals Fiscal Year No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported No. of Apps. Percent of All Apps. Success Rate No. Supported Total Apps Rec'd Total Awards Overall Rate R01 and R23/ R29 Applications by Age 1985 1,664 8.8 29.0 483 1,226 6.5 29.9 367 1,021 5.4 26.2 267 18,803 5908 31.4 1986 1,645 9.0 28.3 465 1,148 6.3 23.6 271 992 5.4 27.3 271 18,244 5465 30.0 1987 1,572 8.8 30.7 482 1,147 6.4 32.8 376 929 5.2 30.6 284 17,921 5798 32.4 1988 1,677 8.8 27.7 465 1,218 6.4 26.2 319 1,044 5.5 28.1 293 18,995 5612 29.5 1989 1,906 10.0 23.2 442 1,177 6.2 22.3 262 1,107 5.8 22.7 251 19,077 4947 25.9 1990 1,840 9.4 20.9 384 1,055 5.4 20.2 213 1,049 5.4 19.6 206 19,601 3798 19.4 1991 2,046 10.9 25.3 518 1,157 6.1 25.7 297 1,170 6.2 22.2 260 18,834 5015 26.6 1992 2,325 12.0 24.4 567 1,272 6.6 23.3 297 1,259 6.5 23.2 292 19,318 5219 27.0 1993 2,740 12.9 20.3 555 1,364 6.4 20.6 281 1,469 6.9 17.5 257 21,179 4559 21.5 R01, R37, and R23/ R29 Applications by Age 1985 1,664 8.8 29 483 1,226 6.5 29.9 367 1,021 5.4 26.15 267 18,803 5908 31.4 1986 1,678 9.1 29.7 498 1,174 6.4 25.3 297 1,013 5.5 28.83 292 18,413 5629 30.6 1987 1,610 8.9 32.3 520 1,178 6.5 34.6 407 948 5.2 32.0 303 18,117 5977 33.0 1988 1,719 8.9 29.5 507 1,249 6.5 28.0 350 1,081 5.6 30.53 330 19,218 5824 30.3 1989 1,944 10.1 24.6 479 1,199 6.2 23.7 284 1,135 5.9 24.58 279 19,276 5138 26.7 1990 1,865 9.4 21.9 408 1,078 5.5 21.7 234 1,072 5.4 21.27 228 19,754 3921 19.8 1991 2,116 11.1 27.5 581 1,197 6.3 28.0 335 1,227 6.4 25.67 315 19,107 5266 27.6 1992 2,421 12.3 27.1 655 1,327 6.7 25.9 344 1,333 6.8 26.71 356 19,664 5526 28.1 1993 2,816 13.1 22.2 625 1,415 6.6 23.2 328 1,548 7.2 21.25 329 21,506 4857 22.6

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