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ing the Health Consequences, 1989. 533-540; and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Preventing Tobacco Use. 269-274

53. Lewit; Department of Finance Canada; National Cancer Institute; Sweanor and Warner; and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Preventing Tobacco Use. 271-272

54. Coalition on Smoking OR Health. Saving Lives and Raising Revenue: The Case for Major Increases in State and Federal Tobacco Taxes. Washington, DC: Coalition on Smoking OR Health, 1993.

55. Sweanor and Warner.

56. Ibid.

57. Gallup Organization. The Public's Attitudes Toward Cigarette Advertising and Cigarette Tax Increases. Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Organization, Inc., April 1993; and Marttila & Kiley, Inc. Survey Highlights from an American Cancer Society Survey of U.S. Voter Attitudes Toward Cigarette Smoking. Boston, MA: Marttila & Kiley, Inc., 9 Sept. 1993.

58. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Tobacco Use. 214.

59. Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. State Tobacco Prevention and Control Activities: Progress Report 1990 to 1992. Washington, DC: ASTHO. May 1994. 69.

60. Congressional Budget Office. Federal Taxation of Tobacco, Alcoholic Beverages, and Motor Fuels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 1990. 25-37.

61. Townsend, Joy L. "Cigarette Tax, Economic Welfare and Social Class Patterns of Smoking." Applied Economics 19 (1987): 355-365.

62. Wasserman et al.

63. Federal Trade Commission. Report to Congress for 1991 Pursuant to the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act. 1994. 14-15.

64. Herdman, Roger, Maria Hewitt, and Mary Laschober. Office of Technology Assessment. Smoking-Related Deaths and Financial Costs: Office of Technology Assessment Estimates for 1990. Before the Senate Special Committee on Aging. Preventive Health: An Ounce of Prevention Saves a Pound of Cure. 6 May 1993.

65. Sweanor and Warner.

66. Price Waterhouse. The Economic Impact of the Tobacco Industry in the U.S. Economy. Price Waterhouse, 1992.

67. Tobacco Institute. Economic Losses from Increasing the Federal Excise Tax. Washington, DC: Tobacco Institute, 1993.

68. Andersen, Arthur and Co.. S.C. Tobacco Industry Employment: A Review of the Price Waterhouse Economic Impact Report and Tobacco Institute Estimates of Economic Losses from Increasing the Federal Excise Tax. Los Angeles, CA: Arthur Andersen Economic Consulting, 6 Oct. 1993.

69. Chase Econometrics. The Impactof the Tobacco Industry on the United States Economy in 1983. Balacynwood, PA: Chase Econometrics, 1985; and Warner, Kenneth E., and G. A. Fulton. "The Economic Implications of Tobacco Product Sales in a Nontobacco State." Journal of the American Medical Association 271:10(1994): 771-776.

70. Andersen.

71. Sweanor et al., 1993; Perkurinen; and Laugesen, Murray. "Tobacco Advertising Restrictions, Price. Income, and Tobacco Consumption in OECD Countries." British Journal of Addiction 86 (1991): 1343-1354.

72. Toxic Substances Board. Health or Tobacco: An End to Tobacco Advertising and Promotion. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Health, 1989.

73. Royal College of Physicians. Smoking and the Young. London: Royal College of Physicians, 1992.

74. Sweanor, David, S. Ballin, R. D. Corcoran, A. Davis, K. Deasy, R. G. Ferrence, R. Lahey, Lucido S., W. J. Nethery, and J. Wasserman. "Report of the Tobacco Policy Research Study Group on Tobacco Pricing and Taxation in the United States." Tobacco Control I (Suppl. 1992): S31-S36.

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