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OCR for page 197
Page 197 Cullen Duffy, Nightingale-Bamford School, Manhattan
OCR for page 197
Page 198 7 YOUTH ACCESS TO TOBACCO PRODUCTS CONTENTS Background of Youth Access Measures 200 A Brief History of the Emergence of Youth Access Measures 200 Lack of Enforcement 201 Recent Initiatives 202 Local Initiatives 202 The Role of DHHS and the Model Law 203 The Synar Amendment and Regulations 204 The Benefits of Reducing Access 205 Designing a Youth Access Policy 207 Intergovernmental Roles 207 Essential Components of a Reduced Access Plan 210 Implement a Retailer Licensing System 210 Ban Tobacco Vending Machines 212 Restrict Methods of Sale 214 Ban Free Distribution 216 Foster Community Action to Monitor and Encourage Compliance 217 Actively Enforce Youth Access Legislation 220 Additional Considerations to Guide Youth Access Legislation 222 Suggestions for Additional Policy Initiatives and Research 224 Further Initiatives 224 Tobacco-Free Zones Near Schools 224 Bans on Pharmacy Sales 225 Restrict Mail-Order Distribution 225 Additional Research Needed 226 References 227