Page 300

African Americans

age of onset, 106

as marketing segment, 112, 114

prevalence of smoking, 8-9, 22, 56-57, 63, 75, 98, 262, 282

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), 262

Age of onset, 30, 43, 106

daily tobacco use, 5-6, 13, 29, 30, 43, 105

nicotine addiction, 14-15, 29

and risk perception, 14-15

Agonist drug replacement, 42-43

American Cancer Society (ACS), 94, 269, 274

American Medical Association, 94, 95

SmokeLess States program, 21, 95

American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST), 17, 20, 21, 94, 203, 259-260, 286

Anti-tobacco advertising campaigns. 17, 114, 18, 83, 97, 128, 281

youth involvement, 18, 98, 282

Artistic events, 82, 112

sponsorship restrictions, 133, 282

ASSIST. See American Stop Smoking Intervention Study

Australia, warnings and packaging policies, 243, 244

B

Behavioral risk factors, 55

smoking methods, 38-39, 248, 249, 286

Billboards and outdoor advertising, 80, 112, 114, 123

regulation of, 17, 132, 282

Boys

prevalence of use, 8, 10, 75, 78

sales to, 202

smokeless tobacco use, 59, 63, 106

Brand names. See Logos; Trademarks

C

California

anti-tobacco media programs, 17

policy research, 23, 266

Proposition 99, 94, 96, 178, 267-268

targeted control programs, 17, 150, 267

Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, 261, 268

Canada

advertising restrictions. 125 128

policy research, 23

pricing and taxation policies, 185, 186-187, 189-190, 192

and smuggling of tobacco products, 193, 283

tobacco-free pharmacy program, 225

warnings and packaging policies, 244

Cancer, 3, 248

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), 266-267, 274

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 266-267

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

community-based program support, 220, 285

IMPACT program, 21, 260

school-based prevention guidelines, 19, 144, 151, 167, 168, 283

tobacco control grants. 210, 284

Cessation of tobacco use, 22, 105, 118

and addiction, 18, 50-52,  63

desire for, 15, 50-51, 73-74, 163, 167

ethnic differences, 57

interventions, 63, 159-163

perceived ease of, 14

and relapse, 38-39, 41

research needs, 19, 22, 167, 283

smokeless tobacco, 163-167

withdrawal symptoms after, 31, 33, 42, 50

Cholinergic receptors, 34

Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, 237

Clinic-based interventions, 161-162, 165-166

Clothing, 80, 110

Coalition for America's Children, 92

Coalition on Smoking OR Health, 94, 269

Cocaine, 42, 167

Colorado, tobacco-free school districts, 87

Community intervention programs, 151-154

cessation, 161-162

restrictions, 87-93

and school-based programs, 15, 19, 154-155, 167, 168

smokeless tobacco use, 158

Comprehensive Smokeless Tobacco Health Education Act, 239

Comprehensive Smoking Education Act, 236-237, 238

Consumer Product Safety Act, 233, 246

Controlled Substances Act, 246

Cooperative agreements, 21

Counter-advertising. See Anti-tobacco advertising campaigns

Coupons. 108, 110



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement