TABLE 5-7 Poverty Rates by Population Group Under the Current and Proposed Measures, with Total Poverty Rate Held Constant at 14.5 Percent, 1992

 

Poverty Rate (%)

Percentage Point Change

Population Group

Current Measurea

Proposed Measureb

Actual

Standardizedc

Age

Children under 18

21.87

21.66

-0.21

-0.14

Adults 18–64

11.70

12.23

0.53

0.66

Adults 65 and older

12.90

10.80

-2.10

-2.36

Race

White

11.60

12.04

0.44

0.55

Black

33.15

29.76

-3.39

-1.48

Other

17.39

19.06

1.67

1.39

Ethnicity

Hispanic

29.43

34.03

4.60

2.27

Non-Hispanic

13.06

12.62

-0.44

-0.49

Family Size

One person

21.75

15.77

-5.98

-3.99

Two persons

9.91

10.74

0.83

1.22

Three or four persons

11.50

12.84

1.34

1.69

Five or more persons

20.98

21.60

0.62

0.43

Welfare Status of Family

Receiving AFDC or SSI

59.39

44.04

-15.35

-3.75

Not receiving AFDC or SSI

9.60

11.30

1.70

2.57

Work Status of Family

One or more workers

9.09

10.55

1.46

2.33

No workers

37.91

31.70

-6.21

-2.38

Health Insurance Status of Family

No health insurance

31.95

37.87

5.92

2.69

Some health insurance

11.76

10.83

-0.93

-1.15

Region of Residence

Northeast

12.29

13.81

1.52

1.80

Midwest

13.10

12.21

-0.89

-0.99

South

16.89

15.36

-1.53

-1.32

West

14.39

16.48

2.09

2.11

NOTE: The poverty rates are for individuals: They are determined on the basis of comparing the income of their family (or one's own income if an unrelated individual) to the appropriate threshold.

a A threshold of $14,228 for two-adult/two-child families.

b A threshold of $13,175 for two-adult/two-child families, with a 0.75 scale economy factor; see text for discussion.

c See text for derivation.



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