TABLE 7-1 Government Assistance Programs That Link Eligibility to Income, Fiscal 1992

 

Programs

Expenditures

Program Type

Number

Percent

Million $

Percent

Programs that link eligibility solely to the federal poverty guidelines

14

20.0

6,510

2.3

Programs that link eligibility to the federal poverty guidelines and also to participation in other programs (e.g., AFDC, SSI, or food stamps)

13

18.6

156,580

56.1

Programs that link eligibility to a percentage of the local area (or state) median income

12

17.1

21,302

7.6

Programs that have their own income eligibility standards (or that link eligibility to participation in another program)

31

44.3

94,583

33.9

Total

70

100.0

278,975

100.0

SOURCE: Derived from Burke (1993).

NOTES: Not included in the table are two assistance programs that are wholly supported by state and local funds: General Assistance (fiscal 1992 expenditures of $3,340 million) and General Assistance—medical care component (fiscal 1992 expenditures of $4,850 million). Also not included are eight programs that allocate benefits on some other basis (e.g., area of residence): Indian Health Services, Nutrition Program for the Elderly, State Legalization Impact Assistance Grants, Chapter 1 Migrant Education Program, Emergency Food and Shelter Program, Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, Migrant High School Equivalency Program, and College Assistance Migrant Program, which had total fiscal 1992 expenditures of $2,626 million. For details of the programs in each category, see Appendix D.

SSI, supplemental Security Income.

children to qualify on the basis of comparing their family income to a multiple of the poverty guidelines. Programs authorized by the Job Training Partnership Act (e.g., Job Corps and Summer Youth Employment) accord eligibility to people already participating in AFDC or food stamps and permit other people to qualify on the basis of comparing their family income to 100 percent of the poverty guidelines or 70 percent of the lower living standard income level determined by the Department of Labor, whichever amount is higher.

The remaining 43 programs (61%) use some other income eligibility



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