TABLE 7-2 Government Assistance Programs That Link Eligibility or Benefits to the Current Poverty Measure, by Program Type and Poverty Cutoff for Eligibility, Fiscal 1992

Programs That Provide All-or-Nothing Service

Poverty Cutoff for Eligibility (%)

Commodity Supplemental Food Program

100 (for elderly people)

Community Services Block Grant

100; 125 at state option

Follow Through

100

Foster Grandparents

125

Head Starta

100

Job Corpsa

100

Legal Services

125 (up to 187.5 for people with excessive medical or child care expenses)

Medicaida,b

100 for some people; 133 for others (up to 185 at state discretion for others)

Senior Community Service Employment Programa

125

Senior Companions

100

Special Milk Program

130

Special Programs for Students with Disadvantaged Backgrounds (TRIO Programs)

150

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

100 to 185 at state discretion

Summer Food Service Program for Children

185 (applies to service areas, not applicants)

Summer Youth Employment Programa

100

Training for Disadvantaged Adults and Youtha

100

Vocational Education Opportunities, Disadvantaged Activitiesa

100

Weatherization Assistancea

125

Programs That Relate Benefits to Income or Charge for Services on a Sliding Scale

Poverty Cutoff for Eligibility (%)

Child and Adult Care Food Program

130 for free meals; 185 for reduced price

Community Health Centers

100 for free care; sliding scale up to 200

Food Stamp Programa,b

130 (gross income); 100 (net income)

Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)a

150

Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant

100 for free care; sliding scale for others

Migrant Health Centers

100 for free care; sliding scale up to 200

School Breakfast Programa,b

130 for free meals; 185 for reduced price

School Lunch Programa,b

130 for free meals; 185 for reduced price

Title X Family Planning Services

100 for free care; sliding scale up to 250

SOURCE: Burke (1993).

a Program also accords eligibility on bases other than the poverty guidelines (e.g., children on AFDC are automatically eligible for Head Start); see Appendix D.

b Entitlement program: eligible applicants cannot be denied benefits.



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