(including which months received) from wages or salaries; bonuses, overtime, tips, or commissions; professional trade or practice; farming or market gardening; roomers or boarders; extra jobs; rent; dividends, interest, trust funds, or royalties; AFDC; SSI; other welfare; Social Security (including separately listed amounts for other family members); veterans' benefits; other retirement pay, pensions, or annuities; unemployment compensation; worker's compensation; alimony; child support; help from relatives; and anything else;

  • income sources and amounts for the spouse for the past calendar year (including which months received) from earnings; unemployment compensation; worker's compensation; and interest, welfare, pensions, child support, or any other source (with each source to be separately listed);

  • income sources and amounts for other individual family members aged 16 and over for the past calendar year (including which months received) from earnings from first and second jobs; and any other income such as pensions, welfare, interest, gifts, or anything else (with each source to be separately listed);3

  • income earned by individual family members under aged 16 and family lump-sum income (e.g., inheritance or insurance settlements) in past calendar year;

  • public assistance—food stamps (amount in past calendar year and specific months in which received), housing subsidies, energy assistance, and Medicaid or other welfare medical services;

  • estimate of federal taxes paid (based on information about income, exemptions, dependents living outside the household, whether itemized, mortgage interest payments, and property taxes);

  • housing, including current value, remaining mortgage principal, monthly mortgage payment for owned home, monthly rent, and annual utility costs;

  • estimate of annual food costs (in home and away from home) from reports of average weekly expenditures;

  • financial assistance to people living elsewhere;

  • housework time;

  • geographic mobility;

  • socioeconomic background;

  • health, religion, and military service; and

  • county-level data (unemployment rate, wage rate for unskilled workers, labor market demand conditions).

Event histories (dated to the month) are recorded for demographic, employment, and poverty characteristics. Supplemental topics have included


It is difficult to assign a value to the number of income sources collected in the PSID, because of the question format for family members other than the head, which asks for particular sources to be named without going through a specified list.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement