ROBERT M. HAUSER is Vilas research professor of sociology and formerly served as director of the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he has been on the faculty since 1969. He has also held a faculty appointment at Brown University and visiting appointments at the Institute for Advanced Study in Vienna and at the University of Bergen. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Michigan. His publications related to education and social inequality include five books and numerous articles. His current research interests include trends in educational progression and social mobility in the United States among racial and ethnic groups, the effects of families on social and economic inequality, and changes in socioeconomic standing, health, and well-being across the life course. He has won the Paul F. Lazarsfeld award in research methods from the American Sociological Association, and he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. At the National Research Council, he currently serves on the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and on the Committee on National Statistics. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Statistical Association, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

NANCY L. MARITATO served as a research associate with the Committee on National Statistics for this and other studies and is now working as an economist in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She received B.A. and M.A. degrees in economics from the University of Wisconsin, where she is currently working on a Ph.D. degree in economics. She was previously a research assistant at the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin and a junior staff economist with the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Her interests lie in poverty and welfare policy analysis.

ELAINE REARDON served as a research associate for the panel. She recently received a Ph.D. degree from the Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago. She is now at the Milken Institute for Job and Capital Formation, where her research topics include demand-side factors in black economic progress since 1940; dual-earner households and risk; and the determinants of and policies regarding self-employment.

FRANKLIN D. WILSON is professor of sociology and Afro-American studies and director of the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he has taught since 1973. He spent the 1991-1992 academic year in residence at the Bureau of the Census as an American Statistical Association/National Science Foundation/Census Bureau fellow.

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