AIDS. The institutes also have jointly sponsored multidisciplinary extramural AIDS research centers at institutions around the country.
AIDS research centers were first initiated in 1986 to provide support for coordinated, multidisciplinary research programs on the mental health and drug abuse aspects of HIV/AIDS. Since 1986, NIMH has supported five AIDS research centers. NIDA contributed some funding to three of these centers from 1986 through 1991.
The Center for Biopsychosocial Study of AIDS at the University of Miami was initially funded in 1986 to focus on biopsychosocial aspects of AIDS. At the intersection of biomedical and psychosocial research, the Miami center has investigated the relationship between lifestyle changes and disease progression as measured by neurocognitive and immune status.
Researchers at the UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), also established in 1986, have conducted basic and applied research on sex and drug-related risk behaviors among a range of populations varying by sexual orientation, gender, race/ethnicity, and age. These projects include the National AIDS Behavioral Surveys (NABS), the AIDS in Multiethnic Neighborhoods (AMEN) study, studies of Latino and Latina Americans, and studies focused on improving sexual behavior research methods.
The HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at the New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University was established in 1987. This center has been committed to research on the behavioral manifestations of HIV infection and disease progression. More recently, it refined its research goals to the investigation of the determinants of sexual risk behavior for HIV and behavior change among heterosexual women and men and among the homeless mentally ill, developmental principles of sexual risk behavior during childhood and adolescence, the involvement of CNS in advanced stages of HIV disease, and improved methodological techniques.
Beginning in 1987, NIMH supported AIDS Research Centers to address key neurobiological and behavioral issues through inter-disciplinary research on the CNS effects of HIV, ADC, neuropsychiatric aspects of HIV infection, brain-immune interaction, and behavior change and prevention. The HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center at the University of California, San Diego was established in 1989 to investigate neurobehavioral functioning and to identify