FIGURE S.5 ADAMHA AIDS Budget Authority, 1983-1992. Note: ''Research" includes former ADAMHA research activities currently with NIH (NIAAA, NIDA, NIMH, Office of Director, Buildings and Facilities); "Services" include former ADAMHA services activities currently with SAMHSA. Source: SAMHSA Budget Office.

between research and services, with regard to the rapid, bidirectional transmission of information, that is, the transfer of research findings "from bench to bedside" and observations and concerns from practitioners to the research community. Those concerned about the splitting of the research and services programs of ADAMHA expressed fears that such separation could disrupt the linkages that existed within a single agency and make the process of "technology transfer" more difficult. Those favoring the reorganization argued that separating the programs might well enhance relationships and thus improve linkages.

The problem of a lack of collaboration between research and services communities exists beyond the federal agencies, and is based in great part on different professional cultures. The two salient features of the research culture are the drive for "knowledge for knowledge's sake" and the existence of a reward system based on amount and type of publications. The pursuit of knowledge involves the employment of a scientific method that emphasizes



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