BY EDWARD A. FEIGENBAUM
ALLEN NEWELL, a pioneering computer scientist with broad ranging contributions to information science and technology, died on July 19, 1992, at the age of sixty-five. Newell is considered one of the founders of the field of artificial intelligence, and was a major scientific figure in the field of cognitive psychology.
Newell was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1980 and the National Academy of Sciences in 1972. His scientific career was distinguished not only by deep insights and remarkable innovation but also by his concern with creating and nurturing institutions suitable for furthering the growth of computer science. He was a founder of the Carnegie Mellon Computer Science Department—now one of the world's major departments; he was a founder of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and was its first president. He was also president of the Cognitive Science Society. Over the years he served as adviser to the major government funding agencies for computer science, psychology, and health sciences research.
Newell received his B.S. in physics from Stanford University in 1949 and his Ph.D. in industrial administration from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in 1957.
Newell was involved with computing almost from the