A. PHARO GAGGE

1908–1993

BY HENNING E. VON GIERKE

A. PHARO GAGGE, a world-renowned biophysicist and pioneer investigator of the interaction of varied environments with human body temperature, died at his home at Branford, Connecticut, on February 13, 1993, at the age of eighty-five. His research results and his active involvement in their applications contributed to safety, comfort, and the working efficiency in industrial, military, space, and home environments.

Elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1979, he was—in research as well as in his government positions—an early supporter of interdisciplinary collaboration in the biophysics and bioengineering areas. He was active to the last days of his life as professor emeritus of Yale University School of Medicine and consultant and fellow emeritus of the John B. Pierce Foundation Laboratory, both at New Haven, Connecticut.

Dr. Gagge was born in Columbus, Ohio, on January 11, 1908. Growing up in Richmond, Virginia, he received his B.A. degree with honors in mathematics and his M.A. in physics at the University of Virginia (1930). After earning his Ph.D. in physics at Yale University in 1933, he joined the John B. Pierce Laboratory, an independent research laboratory affiliated with Yale University and dedicated to exploring the impact of the environment on human health and comfort. His research and teaching activity there started his lifelong career on the reaction of the human body and its temperature regulation to variations in atmospheric



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