The voluntary nature of compliance with ''salvage-friendly'' vessel designs, such as that proposed by IMO Resolution A.535(13), has not had the expected result of widespread adoption of such features and the potential increase in the ability to save vessels in distress. The committee therefore recommends:

The Coast Guard should urge the International Maritime Organization to proceed with the revision of Resolution A.535(13) "Emergency Towing Requirement for Tankers" as expeditiously as possible and to promulgate the revised resolution in the form of a regulation requiring compliance by new and existing vessels. The Coast Guard should request that the IMO consider requiring emergency towing arrangements on vessels other than tankers.

In addition, the Coast Guard should urge vessel owners to incorporate other "salvage-friendly" modifications, such as cargo piping system modifications, and institute formal salvage training for vessel crews.


The committee concludes that, with few opportunities to practice the salvage profession, the next generation of salvors is not being trained or attracted to the industry. The committee therefore recommends:

The U.S. Navy training facilities at Panama City, Florida, should be made available to selected industry and/or federal and state agency personnel sponsored by professional salvage companies and the respective agencies. Such training could be offered on a total reimbursement basis or financed by the Salvage Facilities Act.

The salvage and marine transportation industries should establish salvage training at a maritime institution on a cooperative basis (as was done with maritime firefighting schools). In addition, they should cooperatively develop a career track program within and across their respective industries to attract individuals to the salvage industry.


The committee concludes that marine firefighting experience in port areas is lacking. There are significant differences in marine firefighting capabilities among port areas. Of particular concern is the interface between local fire departments and the marine transportation system. The committee further concludes that the location of prepositioned marine firefighting systems relative to vessel traffic patterns is a concern in some geographic areas. Of special concern are ports and areas with high passenger vessel concentrations. The committee therefore recommends:

The area planning process within the National Contingency Plan should include a review of local and area firefighting and salvage readiness and capabilities.


The committee concludes that capability for responding to casualties involving hazardous cargo is limited. The committee therefore recommends:

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