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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States APPENDIX A BIOGRAPHIES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS GORDON W. PAULSEN, the committee chair, practices admiralty law in New York City with the firm of Healy & Baillie. He is a member of the Permanent Advisory Board of the Admiralty Law Institute (Tulane University), the Maritime Law Association of the United States, and the Comité Maritime International. He has served as chairman of a number of distinguished maritime safety panels, including what is now the Navigation Advisory Council of the United States Coast Guard; the Rules of the Road Advisory Council and its successor, the Navigation Safety Advisory Council; and the Committee on Navigation and Coast Guard Matters of the Maritime Law Association. A recipient of the Meritorious Public Service Award and the Distinguished Public Service Award, Mr. Paulsen has been recognized for his contributions to navigation safety. He also provided testimony to the Alaska State Oil Spill Commission regarding the Exxon Valdez spill. Mr. Paulsen was a member of the NRC Committee on the National Salvage Posture. He received his BS and MA from New York University and his LLB from Columbia University. He is a member of the New York and American bar associations and the American Arbitration Association, and he is a fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers. PETER BONTADELLI is administrator of the California Department of Fish and Game's Office of Oil Spill Prevention and Response. He has primary authority to direct prevention, removal, abatement, response, containment, and cleanup efforts related to oil spills in California's marine waters. His prior experience at the Department of Fish and Game included service as special assistant to the director, chief deputy director, and, most recently, department director, a post he held for five years. During that time he served on various distinguished environmental panels, including the Pacific Flyway Council (he is a past president), the North American Wetlands Conservation Council (he was appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior), the Pacific Fishery Management Council, the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, and the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. Mr. Bontadelli received his BA (political science) from the University of California at Davis in 1970. J. HUNTLY BOYD, JR. is a senior associate at Booz-Allen & Hamilton, Inc., an international engineering firm. Prior to joining Booz-Allen, he was a private consultant conducting marine engineering studies and casualty analyses, and he completed 28 years of service in the U.S. Navy, finishing his Naval career at the rank of captain. While in the Navy, he served as director of ocean engineering and supervisor of salvage in the Naval Sea Systems Command and commanded a naval shipyard. Mr. Boyd is an honorary life member of the American Society of Naval Engineers and an active member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME) and the Marine Technology Society (MTS). He is chairman of both the SNAME Panel on
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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States Salvage and Rescue Systems and the MTS Marine Salvage and Towing Committee. Mr. Boyd received his BS from the U.S. Naval Academy and his MS (naval architecture and marine engineering) and professional degree (naval engineer) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. KENNETH J. FULLWOOD is a master mariner (British Foreign Going Certificate) with 40 years experience in the tanker industry, 18 at sea on tankers, including 3 as master and 7 as chief officer on various vessels, including crude oil tankers over 100,000 deadweight tons. He is manager of Maritime Relations, Environmental Affairs, Safety & Nautical Services for Mobil Shipping and Transportation Co., with responsibility for the company's worldwide marine operational safety and environmental protection policies. His department provides technical advice regarding worldwide tanker and terminal operations, monitors government initiatives affecting marine activities, and develops appropriate industry response in concert with such organizations as the Oil Companies International Marine Forum, the American Institute of Merchant Shipping, and the American Petroleum Institute. At Mobil, he has studied tank cleaning problems in Very Large Crude Carriers, an effort that formed the basis of Mobil's tank cleaning and antipollution policies. He also was in charge of successful salvage and pollution response following the stranding of the 30,000-ton tanker Mobil Oil in the Columbia River in 1984 and the refloating of a sunken tugboat in New York Harbor. Born and educated in England, Captain Fullwood has been a U.S. citizen for 10 years. RICHARD LEE is professor of oceanography at Skidaway Institute of Oceanography in Savannah, Georgia. His academic career of 30 years has included teaching and research posts at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California State University at San Diego (UCSD), Pennsylvania State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology. His research has focused on the biochemistry of marine organisms and the fates and effects of chemical compounds on marine biota, especially bioaccumulation and metabolism of hydrocarbons. He served as chairman of a workshop on the problems of monitoring biological effects of pollution at sea for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, and as chairman of a panel at the Gulf-South Atlantic Region Ocean Pollution Conference sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He contributed to Petroleum in the Marine Environment, a report by the National Academy of Sciences, and he served on the Science Advisory Board, Ecological Monitoring Subcommittee, of the Environmental Protection Agency. He has published more than 100 articles in professional journals. Dr. Lee received his BA and MS (chemistry) from the California State University at San Diego (UCSD) and his Ph.D. (marine biology) from UCSD, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. J. H. "MICK" LEITZ has been in the marine and heavy marine salvage business since 1959. He is president and part-owner of Fred Devine Diving and Salvage Co., which operates the dedicated salvage vessel, the Salvage Chief; president of Leitz Marine Recovery Systems, a company involved in the design and construction of deep-water recovery systems; and is president and senior salvage master for J.H. Leitz & Associates, Inc., a salvage and marine consulting firm. He has been responsible for conceptual planning and engineering and personally supervised many salvage operations. As a salvor, he has responded to ship fires, explosions, and other casualties on many vessel types, including jack-up drilling rigs, tankers, and ocean barges from the Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico and the South Pacific. His accomplishments include successful salvage of the Exxon Valdez, an operation that involved safely pumping one million barrels of oil off the grounded ship, injecting inert
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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States gas into the ruptured tanks, and refloating, repairing, and safely delivering the vessel without further pollution to drydock in San Diego. JOHN H. ROBINSON is director, Gulf Program Office of the Office of the Chief Scientist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In this position he directs NOAA research activities associated with the aftermath of the Persian Gulf war marine science programs to assess the impact of the oil spills in the Persian Gulf and research programs to investigate the impact of oil fires in Kuwait. Previously, he was manager of NOAA's Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) Response Division, where he developed and managed the agency's spill response and hazardous waste site research program; established regional scientific support programs in U.S. coastal areas; and served as scientific coordinator for the Ixtoc I, Exxon Valdez, and numerous other oil and chemical spills. While at HAZMAT, he originated a program for Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations. He began his government career in 1964, working for the Apollo manned-spacecraft program. Robinson received his BS degree (industrial engineering) from Texas Tech University in 1961. NINA SANKOVITCH was until recently a senior project attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council. She worked with the council's Coastal Project since 1989, focusing on oil spills, ocean dumping, and coastal issues. She is a member of New York Governor Mario Cuomo's Task Force on Petroleum Spill Emergency Protection, Subcommittee on Oil Spill Response. She served on a number of other committees related to waste management in the environment, including the Safe Harbor Coalition, dedicated to the protection and enhancement of New York Harbor (serving as chairperson); the Steering Committee of the Clean Sludge Coalition, devoted to the environmentally sound management of sludge on land; and the Citizens Advisory and Technical Advisory committees to New York City on land-based sludge management. Ms. Sankovitch received her BA from Tufts University and JD from Harvard Law School. ROGER VAN DUZER is manager of Marine Operations for Shell Oil Co.'s Marine Department in Houston, Texas. This position involves ensuring safe, efficient, and environmentally responsible marine transportation for Shell, which is a major charterer of tankers and barges. He has held various positions with Shell in the Marine Technical Division, Port Operations, and other business management positions, in addition to spending two and a half years with Shell International Marine in London. Prior to joining Shell in 1976, he was an officer in the U.S. Navy. Mr. Van Duzer's Naval career included sea duty on a destroyer (as a deck officer) and on an aircraft carrier (as an engineer). His shore duty included service as the diving and salvage officer at the Boston Naval Shipyard, a position that provided extensive experience with new construction and repair of Navy ships. He was qualified as a Navy Engineering Duty Salvage Officer in 1969. Mr. Van Duzer is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and received his MS (naval architecture) and professional degree (naval engineer) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JOHN A. WITTE is president and chief executive officer of Donjon Marine Co. of Hillside, New Jersey. Mr. Witte practiced admiralty law for four years prior to managing and expanding Donjon Marine, a marine salvage and marine equipment sales company he incorporated in 1966. His extensive experience in the marine salvage industry originated in his father's vessel demolition, marine salvage, and wreck removal business. His experience running Donjon Marine has included service as salvage master and hands-on work in all aspects of salvage operations, including rigging, welding, diving, underwater cutting and burning, and controlled explosives.
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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States He has worked on salvage operations all along the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Ocean, and the North Sea, in varied and hazardous environments from shallow water to the deep ocean, in strong currents, and in crowded harbors. He has overseen diverse projects including the raising and removal of tugboats, a sunken Liberty ship, and tankers, efforts that required pollution abatement, cargo transfer, and detailed pumping schemes. Mr. Witte received his BS (management) from Lehigh University and his JD from Villanova University School of Law.
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