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A Reassessment of the Marine Salvage Posture of the United States
Salvage and Rescue Systems and the MTS Marine Salvage and Towing Committee. Mr. Boyd received his BS from the U.S. Naval Academy and his MS (naval architecture and marine engineering) and professional degree (naval engineer) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
KENNETH J. FULLWOOD is a master mariner (British Foreign Going Certificate) with 40 years experience in the tanker industry, 18 at sea on tankers, including 3 as master and 7 as chief officer on various vessels, including crude oil tankers over 100,000 deadweight tons. He is manager of Maritime Relations, Environmental Affairs, Safety & Nautical Services for Mobil Shipping and Transportation Co., with responsibility for the company's worldwide marine operational safety and environmental protection policies. His department provides technical advice regarding worldwide tanker and terminal operations, monitors government initiatives affecting marine activities, and develops appropriate industry response in concert with such organizations as the Oil Companies International Marine Forum, the American Institute of Merchant Shipping, and the American Petroleum Institute. At Mobil, he has studied tank cleaning problems in Very Large Crude Carriers, an effort that formed the basis of Mobil's tank cleaning and antipollution policies. He also was in charge of successful salvage and pollution response following the stranding of the 30,000-ton tanker Mobil Oil in the Columbia River in 1984 and the refloating of a sunken tugboat in New York Harbor. Born and educated in England, Captain Fullwood has been a U.S. citizen for 10 years.
RICHARD LEE is professor of oceanography at Skidaway Institute of Oceanography in Savannah, Georgia. His academic career of 30 years has included teaching and research posts at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California State University at San Diego (UCSD), Pennsylvania State University, and Georgia Institute of Technology. His research has focused on the biochemistry of marine organisms and the fates and effects of chemical compounds on marine biota, especially bioaccumulation and metabolism of hydrocarbons. He served as chairman of a workshop on the problems of monitoring biological effects of pollution at sea for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, and as chairman of a panel at the Gulf-South Atlantic Region Ocean Pollution Conference sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He contributed to Petroleum in the Marine Environment, a report by the National Academy of Sciences, and he served on the Science Advisory Board, Ecological Monitoring Subcommittee, of the Environmental Protection Agency. He has published more than 100 articles in professional journals. Dr. Lee received his BA and MS (chemistry) from the California State University at San Diego (UCSD) and his Ph.D. (marine biology) from UCSD, Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
J. H. "MICK" LEITZ has been in the marine and heavy marine salvage business since 1959. He is president and part-owner of Fred Devine Diving and Salvage Co., which operates the dedicated salvage vessel, the Salvage Chief; president of Leitz Marine Recovery Systems, a company involved in the design and construction of deep-water recovery systems; and is president and senior salvage master for J.H. Leitz & Associates, Inc., a salvage and marine consulting firm. He has been responsible for conceptual planning and engineering and personally supervised many salvage operations. As a salvor, he has responded to ship fires, explosions, and other casualties on many vessel types, including jack-up drilling rigs, tankers, and ocean barges from the Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico and the South Pacific. His accomplishments include successful salvage of the Exxon Valdez, an operation that involved safely pumping one million barrels of oil off the grounded ship, injecting inert